New Norcia Station
New Norcia Station (also known as DSA 1 or Deep Space Antenna 1) is a 35-metre ESTRACK satellite ground station for communication with spacecraft in deep space. It is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the town of New Norcia, Western Australia. It was the first ESA deep space ground station, followed by Cebreros Station and Malargüe Station.
Station operates one 35-meter dish designated NNO-1 capable of two-way transmission in both S- and X-band using 2 and 20-kilowatt transmitters. Antenna weights over 600 tonnes and is 40 meters tall. Future upgrade plans include adding a Ka-band station to support international missions.
Construction begun in April 2000 and lasted till the end of first half of 2002. Installation of electronics and communication equipment followed. The station was officially opened on 5 March 2003 by the Premier of Western Australia at the time, Dr Geoff Gallop. Total construction cost was €28 million.
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- Europe’s Access to Deep Space: The Deep Space Ground Station in Australia