National colours

National colours

National colours are frequently part of a country's set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation's flag to the colours used in sports.


Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Further information
Argentina Light blue and white[1]
Albania Red and black
Armenia Red and blue
Australia Green and gold[2] Red, white and blue National colours of Australia
Bangladesh Green and red Green and red
Belgium Red Black and yellow
Bosnia and Herzegovina Blue, Gold and White
Brazil Green and yellow Blue and white
Canada Red and white[3] Black (hockey only) National colours of Canada
Chile Red, white, and blue
Czech Republic White, red, and blue[4][5][6][7]
Finland White and blue Purple and red
France Blue, white, and red[8]
Germany Black, red and gold Black and white National colours of Germany
Ghana Red, Gold, Green and Black White and black
Greece Blue and white National colours of Greece
Haiti Red and blue[9]
Hungary Red, white and green
Indonesia Red and white[10]
Ireland Green White and orange
Israel Blue and white[11] National colours of Israel
Italy Green, white and red[12] Azure National colours of Italy
Jamaica Green, gold and black
Lithuania Green and white
Malaysia Gold and black Red, white, yellow and blue
Mexico Green, white, and red
Netherlands Orange Red, white and blue
New Zealand Black[13] White, silver, ochre red National colours of New Zealand
Pakistan Green and white
Russia White, blue and red
Serbia Red, blue and white[14][15][16] National colours of Serbia
Ukraine Blue and yellow National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom Red, white and blue National colours of the United Kingdom
United States Red, white, and blue
Uruguay Blue and white Red; light blue is used in sports
Venezuela Yellow, blue and red Burgundy (sports)

See also


  1. ^ "Símbolos nacionales".  
  2. ^ "Our national symbols".  
  3. ^ "National Colours - Red and White".  
  4. ^
  5. ^ Státní barvy České republiky
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ " [The Tricolor Flag]Le drapeau tricolor" (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant. 
  9. ^ CIA World Factbook: National Symbols
  10. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65.  
  11. ^ "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento 12. 
  13. ^ "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet,  
  14. ^ The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207). 
  15. ^ Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39. 
  16. ^ Nigel Thomas; Krunoslav Mikulan (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992 - 2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58.