NGC 6231 (Chinese: 神宮; pinyin: Shéngōng), also known as the Northern Jewel Box, is an open cluster located near Zeta Scorpii. Zeta1 (HR 6262) is a member of this star cluster. (Its brighter apparent partner, Zeta2 (HR 6271), is only 150 ly from Earth and so is not a cluster member.)
This cluster is estimated about 3.2 million years old, and is approaching the Solar System at 22 km/s. The cluster belongs to the young Scorpius OB1 association. Zeta1 Scorpii (spectral type O8 and magnitude 4.71.) is the brightest star in the association, and one of the most radiant stars known in the galaxy.
The cluster was discovered by Giovanni Batista Hodierna before 1654. Hodierna listed it as Luminosae in his catalogue of deep sky observations. This catalogue was included in his book De Admirandis Coeli Characteribuse published in 1654 at Palermo. It was independently observed by other astronomers after Hodierna.
The cluster forms the head of the "false comet", the tail being the dimmer cluster Trumpler 24 extending to the north, also part of the Scorpius OB1 association.
- Sky Catalogue 2000.0
- Crossen & Tirion, Binocular Astronomy, p. 119.
- Study of the Wolf-Rayet members of the cluster NGC 6231
- The distinction between OIafpe and WNLha stars. A spectral analysis of HD 151804, HD 152408 and HDE 313846.
- Stars visible to the naked eye. It meanings "luminous" in Latin.
- NGC 6231 at DOCdb (Deep Sky Observer's Companion)]
- Some Southern Objects at Chris’s No-Frills Home Page
- NGC 6231 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Astrophoto, Sky Map, Articles and images