Mevastatin

Mevastatin

Mevastatin
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(1S,7R,8S,8aR)-8-{2-[(2R,4R)-4-Hydroxy-6-oxotetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]ethyl}-7-methyl-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalen-1-yl (2S)-2-methylbutanoate
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number  N
ATC code None
PubChem CID:
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank  Y
ChemSpider  Y
UNII  Y
KEGG  Y
ChEBI  N
ChEMBL  Y
Chemical data
Formula C23H34O5
Molecular mass 390.513 g/mol
 N   

Mevastatin (compactin, ML-236B) is a hypolipidemic agent that belongs to the statins class.

It was isolated from the mold Penicillium citrinum by Akira Endo in the 1970s, and he identified it as a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor,[1] i.e., a statin. Mevastatin might be considered the first statin drug;[2] clinical trials on mevastatin were performed in the late 1970s in Japan, but it was never marketed.[3] The first statin drug available to the general public was lovastatin.

In vitro, it has antiproliferative properties.[4]

A British group isolated the same compound from Penicillium brevicompactum, named it compactin, and published their results in 1976.[5] The British group mentions antifungal properties with no mention of HMG-CoA reductase inhibition.

High doses inhibit growth and proliferation of melanoma cells.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Endo, Akira; Kuroda M.; Tsujita Y. (December 1976). "ML-236A, ML-236B, and ML-236C, new inhibitors of cholesterogenesis produced by Penicillium citrinium". Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 29 (12): 1346–8.  
  2. ^ "The story of statins". 
  3. ^ Endo, Akira (Oct 2004). "The origin of the statins". Atheroscler Suppl. 5 (3): 125–30.  
  4. ^ Wachtershauser, A.; Akoglu, B; Stein, J (2001). "HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor mevastatin enhances the growth inhibitory effect of butyrate in the colorectal carcinoma cell line Caco-2". Carcinogenesis 22 (7): 1061–7.  
  5. ^ Brown, Allan G.; Smale, Terry C.; King, Trevor J.; Hasenkamp, Rainer; Thompson, Ronald H. (1976). "Crystal and molecular structure of compactin, a new antifungal metabolite from Penicillium brevicompactum.". J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1 (11): 1165–1170.  
  6. ^ Glynn, Sharon A; O'Sullivan, Dermot; Eustace, Alex J; Clynes, Martin; O'Donovan, Norma (2008). "The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme a reductase inhibitors, simvastatin, lovastatin and mevastatin inhibit proliferation and invasion of melanoma cells". BMC Cancer 8: 9.