14 January 1890|
25 April 1945
German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1909–19, 1939–45|
|Rank||Generalmajor of the Reserves|
|Commands held||227. Infanterie-Division|
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Maximilian Wengler (14 January 1890 – 25 April 1945) was a German Insurance broker, serving as a general during World War II and recipient of the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Wengler took command of the 83. Infanterie-Division on 27 March 1945 in the area of Gotenhafen. The division, after escaping the encirclement of the city, fought its way to Oxhöfter Kämpe and Pillau-Neutief. Here Wengler and numerous men of his staff were killed by an aerial bomb on 25 April 1945. His wife had also been killed in the aerial bombardment of Dresden in early 1945.
- Wound Badge in Silver
- Infantry Assault Badge in Silver
- Close Combat Clasp in Bronze
- Military Order of St. Henry (Knights Cross, 15 October 1914)
- Iron Cross (1914) 2nd and 1st Class
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Knight's Cross on 6 October 1942 as Oberstleutnant of the Reserves and commander of Infanterie-Regiment 366
- 404th Oak Leaves on 22 February 1944 as Oberst of the Reserves and commander of Grenadier-Regiment 366[Note 1]
- 123rd Swords on 21 January 1945 as Generalmajor of the Reserves and commander of the 227. Infanterie-Division
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 3 August 1944
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|3 August 1944 (Addendum)||In den schweren Kämpfen bei Liepna haben sich die rheinisch-westfälische 227. Infanterie-Division unter Oberst Wengler und eine Kampfgruppe unter Major Busch besonders hervorgetan.||The Rhenish-Westphalian 227th Infantry Division under Colonel Wengler and a battle group under Major Busch have particularly distinguished themselves in the heavy fighting at Liepna.|
- According to Scherzer as commander of Infanterie-Regiment 366.
- Berger 2000, p. 374.
- Berger 2000, p. 373.
- Thomas 1998, p. 435.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 778.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 442.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 47.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 188.
- Maximilian Wengler @ Lexikon der Wehrmacht
General der Artillerie Wilhelm Berlin
Commander of 227. Infanterie-Division
7 June 1943 – 27 March 1945
Generalleutnant Wilhelm Heun
Commander of 83. Infanterie-Division
27 March 1945 – 25 April 1945
Oberst Hellmuth Raaatz