Beginning his physics studies at the University of Heidelberg and at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Staudacher then earned a Ph.D. at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1990) with a dissertation on matrix models of two-dimensional quantum gravity.
After postdoctoral work at Rutgers University in New Jersey, Paris and CERN in Geneva, from 1997 he was a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute) in Potsdam. In 2009 he received the Academy Award of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and became a mathematical physics professor at Humboldt University of Berlin in 2010. Some of his publications have been instrumental in developing an understanding of the so-called AdS/CFT correspondence, a duality between the Yang-Mills-type quantum theory and supersymmetric string theory first suggested in the 1990s by Juan Martín Maldacena. Staudacher suggests that the integrable spin chains of condensed matter physics may form the link between the two approaches.
- 1997 - V. A. Kazakov and M. Staudacher, ² Gravity"R Group Theory and the Solution of Two-Dimensional N"Advances in Large , pp. 265–277 in Low-dimensional applications of Quantum field theory, Laurent Baulieu, Vladimir Kazakov, Marco Picco, Paul Windey (Eds.) Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 0-306-45686-9
- 2006 - Niklas Beisert, Burkhard Eden and Matthias Staudacher,
- 2007 - M. K. Benna, S. Benvenuti, I. R. Klebanov, A. Scardicchio, "Test of the AdS/CFT Correspondence Using High-Spin Operators", in Physical Review Letters, Vol. 98, No. 13 (2007). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.131603
- Akademiepreis 2009, ("2009 Academy Award"), Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Matthias Staudacher, "Integrable Spin Chains and the AdS/CFT Correspondence: Geometry and Physics after 100 Years of Einstein's Relativity", Potsdam, April 5–8, 2005. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
- "Transcendentality and Crossing", in Journal of Statistical Mechanics, written 14 November 2006, published 30 January 2007. doi:10.1088/1742-5468/2007/01/P01021 Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- "Princeton physicists connect string theory with established physics", press release, Prunceton University, 1 May 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-06.