Manager of the Year
- This article is about the award presented by the Baseball Writers Association of America. For the award presented by The Sporting News, see The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award. For English football managerial awards, see FA Premier League Manager of the Year and LMA Manager of the Year.
In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually since 1983 to the best managers in the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The winner is voted on by 28 members of the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). Each places a vote for first, second, and third place among the managers of each league.[a] The manager with the highest score in each league wins the award.
Several managers have won the award in a season when they led their team to 100 or more wins. Lou Piniella won 116 games with the Seattle Mariners in 2001, the most by a winning manager, and Joe Torre won 114 with the New York Yankees in 1998. Tony La Russa and Sparky Anderson finished with identical 104–58 records in 1983 and 1988, respectively. Three National League managers, including Dusty Baker, Whitey Herzog, and Larry Dierker, have exceeded the century mark as well. Baker's San Francisco Giants won 103 games in 1993; Dierker's 1998 Houston Astros won 102 and Herzog led the Cardinals to 101 wins in the award's third season.
In 1991, Bobby Cox became the first manager to win the award in both leagues, winning with the Atlanta Braves and having previously won with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1985. La Russa, Piniella, Jim Leyland, Bob Melvin and Davey Johnson have since won the award in both leagues. Cox and La Russa have won the most awards, with four. Baker, Leyland, and Piniella have won three times. In 2005, Cox became the first manager to win the award in consecutive years. Kirk Gibson and Joe Maddon are the most recent winners. After the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike cut the season short and cancelled the post-season, the BBWAA writers named the managers of the Yankees (Buck Showalter) and Montréal Expos (Felipe Alou), who led the leagues in winning percentage, Managers of the Year. Two franchises, the New York Mets and the Milwaukee Brewers, have not had a manager win the award.
Only five managers have won the award while leading a team that finished outside the top two spots in its division. Ted Williams was the first, after leading the "expansion" Washington Senators to a third-place finish (and, at 86-76, their only winning season) in the American League East, in 1969. Buck Rodgers won the award in 1987 with the third-place Expos. Tony Peña and Showalter won the award with third-place teams in back-to-back years: Peña with the Royals in 2003, and Showalter with the Rangers in 2004. Joe Girardi is the only manager to win the award with a fourth-place team (2006 Florida Marlins); he is also the only manager to win the award after fielding a team with a losing record.
|Indicates multiple award winners in the same year|
|(#)||Number of wins by managers who have won the award multiple times|
|Year||Each year links to that particular Major League Baseball season|
- a The formula used to calculate the final scores is Score = 5F + 3S + T, where F is the number of first-place votes, S is second -place votes, and T is third-place votes.
- b The 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike ended the season on August 11, as well as cancelling the entire postseason.
- c Johnny Oates and Joe Torre tied for the lead among voters in the American League in 1996.
- MLB This Year in Baseball Awards Manager of the Year
- Baseball America Manager of the Year
- Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards Manager of the Year
- USA Today Manager of the Year
- Chuck Tanner Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award
- Associated Press Manager of the Year (discontinued in 2001)
- Honor Rolls of Baseball #Managers
- MLB All-Time Manager (1997; BBWAA)
- Sporting News Manager of the Decade (2009)
- Sports Illustrated MLB Manager of the Decade (2009)
- Major League Baseball all-time managerial wins
- Best Coach/Manager ESPY Award (all sports)
- Inline citations