List of quasiparticles

List of quasiparticles

This is a list of quasiparticles.

Quasiparticles
Quasiparticle Signification Underlying particles
Bipolaron A bound pair of two polarons polaron (electron, phonon)
Configuron[1] An elementary configurational excitation in an amorphous material which involves breaking of a chemical bond
Dropleton The first known quasiparticle that behaves like a liquid[2]
Electron quasiparticle An electron as affected by the other forces and interactions in the solid electron
Electron hole (hole) A lack of electron in a valence band electron, cation
Exciton A bound state of an electron and a hole electron, hole
Fracton A collective quantized vibration on a substrate with a fractal structure.
Holon (chargon) A quasi-particle resulting from electron spin-charge separation
Leviton A collective excitation of a single electron within a metal
Magnon A coherent excitation of electron spins in a material
Majorana fermion A quasiparticle equal to its own antiparticle, emerging as a midgap state in certain superconductors
Orbiton[3] A quasiparticle resulting from electron spin-orbital separation
Phason Vibrational modes in a quasicrystal associated with atomic rearrangements
Phoniton A theoretical quasiparticle which is a hybridization of a localized, long-living phonon and a matter excitation[4]
Phonon Vibrational modes in a crystal lattice associated with atomic shifts
Plasmaron A quasiparticle emerging from the coupling between a plasmon and a hole
Plasmon A coherent excitation of a plasma
Polaron A moving charged quasiparticle that is surrounded by ions in a material electron, phonon
Polariton A mixture of photon with other quasiparticles photon, optical phonon
Roton Elementary excitation in superfluid helium-4
Soliton A self-reinforcing solitary excitation wave
Spinon A quasiparticle produced as a result of electron spin-charge separation that can form both quantum spin liquid and strongly correlated quantum spin liquid[5]
Trion A coherent excitation of three quasiparticles (two holes and one electron or two electrons and one hole)
Wrinklon A localized excitation corresponding to wrinkles in a constrained two dimensional system[6][7]

References

  1. ^ Angell, C.A.; Rao, K.J. Configurational excitations in condensed matter, and "bond lattice" model for the liquid-glass transition. J. Chem. Phys. 1972, 57, 470-481
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