List of planetary nebulae

List of planetary nebulae

The following is an incomplete list of known planetary nebulae.

Contents

  • Northern Hemisphere 1
  • Southern Hemisphere 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Northern Hemisphere

Image Name Messier Catalogue NGC Other designation Date discovered Distance (kly) Apparent Magnitude (visual) Constellation
NGC 6751 6.5 15.8 Aquila
NGC 6210 4.7 9.3 Hercules
NGC 40 1788 3.5 11.4 Cepheus
Ghost of Jupiter NGC 3242 1785 1.4 8.6 Hydra
Blinking Planetary NGC 6826 2.0 8.8 Cygnus
Dumbbell Nebula M27 NGC 6853 1764 1.36 +0.16
−0.21
7.5 Vulpecula
Ring Nebula M57 NGC 6720 1779 2.3 +1.5
−0.7
9 Lyra
Eskimo Nebula NGC 2392 1787 2.9 (approx.) 10.1 Gemini
Cat's Eye Nebula NGC 6543 1786 3.3 ± 0.9 9.8B Draco
Little Ghost Nebula NGC 6369 1800 (prior to) 9.9 Ophiuchus
Medusa Nebula 1955 1.0 (approx.) 15.99 Gemini
NGC 7027 1878 3.0 (approx.) 10 Cygnus
Helix Nebula NGC 7293 1824 0.68 +0.15
−0.08
13.5 Aquarius
Little Dumbbell Nebula M76 NGC 650, NGC 651 1780 3.4 (approx.) 10.1 Perseus
Owl Nebula M97 NGC 3587 1781 2.6 (approx.) 9.9 Ursa Major
Twin Jet Nebula or
Butterfly Nebula
M2-9 1947 2.1 14.7 Ophiuchus
Footprint Nebula M1-92 1946 15.0 (maximum) 11.7 Cygnus
NGC 2346 1802 3.9 (approx.) 11.9 Monoceros
Abell 39 1955 6.8 (approx.) 13.7 Hercules
Jones-Emberson 1 PK 164+31.1 1939 1.6 (approx.) 14.0 Lynx
Lemon slice nebula IC 3568 1918 4.5 (approx.) 12 Camelopardalis
Soap bubble nebula PN G75.5 1.7 2008 4 (approx.) Cygnus

Southern Hemisphere

Image Name Messier Catalogue NGC Other designation Date discovered Distance (kly) Apparent Magnitude (visual) Constellation
Hen 2-47 6.6 Carina
Red Spider Nebula NGC 6537 1888 (prior to) 3.9 (approx.) 11.9 Sagittarius
NGC 6565 Sagittarius
Bug Nebula NGC 6302 1888 (prior to) 3.4 ± 0.5 7.1B Scorpius
Saturn Nebula NGC 7009 1782 3.0 (approx.) 12.8 Aquarius
Eight-burst Nebula NGC 3132 1888 (prior to) 2.6 (approx.) 9.87 Vela
NGC 2438 1786 2.9 (approx.) 11.5 Puppis
Retina Nebula IC 4406 1888-1907 2.0 (approx.) Lupus
NGC 2440 1790 3.6 (approx.) 9.3 Puppis
Spirograph Nebula IC 418 1888-1894 1.3 (approx.) 9.6 Lepus
Stingray Nebula Hen 3-1357 1989 18 (approx.) 10.75 Ara
Spiral Planetary Nebula NGC 5189 1835 2.6 (approx.) 9.5 Musca
Mz 1 1922 3.4 ± 0.5 12.0 Norma
Ant Nebula Mz 3 1922 8.0 (approx.) 13.8 Norma
Shapley 1 PLN 329+2.1 1936 ~1 12.6 Norma
Hourglass Nebula MyCn18 1996 8.0 (approx.) 13.0 Musca
NGC 3918 1834 4.9 8.5
Fleming 1 G290.5+07.9
ESO 170-6
1888? 7.9 13.1 Centaurus
Southern Owl Nebula PN K 1-22
ESO 378-1
1971[1] 4.3[2] 17.4[3] Hydra

Notes

Data values are sourced from the individual articles, where available, for each nebula. Please see the article of the nebula in question for data references.

Many distances are estimates (denoted by the approx. suffix), as true distances are difficult to infer for planetary nebulae. Please see main article, Planetary nebulae, for more details on distance estimates.

References

  1. ^ .  
  2. ^ Jacob, R.; Schönberner, D.; Steffen, M. (2013). "The evolution of planetary nebulae". Astronomy & Astrophysics 558: A78.  
  3. ^ Phillips, J. P. (2005). "The distances of highly evolved planetary nebulae". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 357 (2): 619–625.