List of Paintings by Johannes Vermeer

The following is a list of paintings by the Dutch Baroque artist Johannes Vermeer. After two or three early history paintings, he concentrated almost entirely on genre works, typically interiors with one or two figures. His popularity is due less to his subject matter than to the poetic manner in which he portrays his subjects. Vermeer's paintings of the 1660s are generally more popular than his work from the 1670s: in the eyes of some, his later work is colder.[1]

Today, 34 paintings are firmly attributed to him, with question marks over a further three.[2] This compares to the 74 pictures attributed to him by Thoré Burger in 1866. Vermeer's reputation increased greatly during the latter half of the 20th century, a period during which the number of paintings ascribed to him shrank greatly.[3] This is partly because he has been one of the most widely forged artists, and many forgeries have now been identified. No drawings or preparatory paintings are known.[4] Many Vermeer paintings are known by various names, and alternative names are noted below. Years of creation are only estimates for most of the paintings, and sources often give different, though not widely divergent, estimates. In addition to the known paintings listed below, historical documents seem to describe at least six other, lost, works.[4]

Paintings by Johannes Vermeer

Image Title Year Size Place
Christ in the House of Martha and Mary[5] 1654-1655
or c. 1654-1656[6] or c. 1655[7]
Oil on canvas, 160 × 142 cm National Gallery of Scotland,


Diana and Her Companions[8] 1655-1656
or c. 1653-1654[6][7]
Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 105 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
The Procuress[9] 1656 (signed and dated) Oil on canvas, 143 × 130 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window[10]
(also known as Young Woman Reading a Letter at an Open Window[6])
1657 (or c. 1657-1659[6]) Oil on canvas, 83 × 64.5 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
A Girl Asleep
(also known as A Maid Asleep[6][7])
(or 1656-1657[6][7])
Oil on canvas, 87.6 × 76.5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
The Little Street 1657-1658
or c. 1658[6] or c. 1658-1660[7]
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Officer with a Laughing Girl
(also known as Officer and Laughing Girl)[6]
c. 1657[6] Oil on canvas, 50.5 × 46 cm Frick Collection, New York
The Milkmaid c. 1658[6] or c. 1657-1658[7] Oil on canvas, 45.5 × 41 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
The Wine Glass, also known as A Lady Drinking and a Gentleman and The Glass of Wine[7] 1658-1660 or 1658-1659[7] Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
The Girl with the Wineglass c. 1659 Oil on canvas Herzog Anton-Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
View of Delft[11] 1659–1660 Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 117.5 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Girl Interrupted at her Music 1660-1661 (or 1658-1659[6]) Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Frick Collection, New York
Woman in Blue Reading a Letter 1663-1664 (or 1657-1659[6]) Oil on canvas, 46.6 × 39.1 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
The Music Lesson
(also known as A Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman)
1662/5 Oil on canvas, 73.3 × 64.5 cm Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace, England
Woman with a Lute c. 1663-1664 or 1662-1663[7] Oil on canvas, 51.4 × 45.7 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Woman with a Pearl Necklace 1662–1664 Oil on canvas, 55 × 45 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Woman with a Water Jug, also known as Young Woman with a Water Pitcher[7] 1660-1662 or c. 1662[7] Oil on canvas, 45.7 × 40.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
A Woman Holding a Balance, also known as Woman with a Balance[7] 1662-1663 or c. 1663-1664[7] Oil on canvas, 42.5 × 38 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
A Lady Writing a Letter 1665–1666 Oil on canvas, 45 × 40 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Girl with a Pearl Earring,
also known as Girl In A Turban, Head Of Girl In A Turban, The Young Girl With Turban, and Head of a Young Girl.
c. 1665 Oil on canvas, 46.5 × 40 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
The Concert 1665–1666 Oil on canvas, 69 × 63 cm stolen in March 1990 from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston[12]
Portrait of a Young Woman, also known as Study of a Young Woman 1666-1667 or c. 1665-1667[7] Oil on canvas, 44.5 × 40 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
The Allegory of Painting,
also known as The Art of Painting
1666-1667 or c. 1666-1668[7] Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Mistress and Maid,
also known as Lady with her Maidservant Holding a Letter
1667/68 Oil on canvas, 90.2 x 78.7 cm Frick Collection, New York
Girl with a Red Hat (attribution to Vermeer has been questioned) 1668 or c. 1665-1667[7] Oil on panel, 22.8 x 18 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
The Astronomer 1668 Louvre, Paris
The Geographer 1668/69 Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main
The Lacemaker 1669/70 Louvre, Paris
The Love Letter 1669/70 Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid 1670 Oil on canvas, 71.1 × 58.4 cm National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
The Allegory of Faith, also known as Allegory of the Faith[7] 1671-1674 or c. 1670-1672[7] Oil on canvas, 114.3 × 88.9 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
The Guitar Player 1672 National Gallery, London
Lady Standing at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Standing at a Virginal[7] 1673-1675 or c. 1670-1672[7] National Gallery, London
Lady Seated at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Seated at a Virginal[7] 1673-1675 or c. 1670-1672[7] National Gallery, London

Disputed Paintings

Image title year size place
Saint Praxedis 1655[2] Oil on canvas, 101.6 x 82.6 cm Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collection Foundation
Girl with a Flute 1665-70[2] Oil on panel, 20 x 17.8 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals c. 1670[2] Oil on canvas, 25.2 × 20 cm private collection, New York

Historical documents such as auction records suggest that Vermeer painted a number of other works, now presumably destroyed, lost to public view, or possibly wrongly attributed to other artists.[4] While a list of these lost Vermeers must necessarily be tentative, it may include:

  • a self-portrait
  • a painting of a man washing his hands
  • a second street scene (the first being The Little Street)
  • a Visit to the Tomb - possibly Biblical
  • a mythological painting including Jupiter
  • a relatively early painting described as a 'face by Vermeer' [4]