List of areas in the National Park System of the United States

List of areas in the National Park System of the United States

The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. This includes all areas designated national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

As of 2012, there are 401 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example: Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, whereas Fort Moultrie is not counted as a unit because it is considered a feature of the Fort Sumter National Monument.

In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.

The National Register of Historic Places is administered by the Park Service (with nearly 79,000 entries) and automatically includes all National Park System areas designated due to their historic significance. This includes all National Historical Parks/Historic Sites, National Battlefields/Military Parks, National Memorials, and some National Monuments.

Units are found in all 50 states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.

National parks of the U.S.

National parks

Existing national parks

There are 59 officially-designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas.

Name Location Year Established
Acadia National Park Maine 1919
National Park of American Samoa American Samoa 1988
Arches National Park Utah 1971
Badlands National Park South Dakota 1978
Big Bend National Park Texas 1944
Biscayne National Park Florida 1980
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park Colorado 1999
Bryce Canyon National Park Utah 1928
Canyonlands National Park Utah 1964
Capitol Reef National Park Utah 1971
Carlsbad Caverns National Park New Mexico 1930
Channel Islands National Park California 1980
Congaree National Park South Carolina 2003
Crater Lake National Park Oregon 1902
Cuyahoga Valley National Park Ohio 2000
Death Valley National Park California, Nevada 1994
Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska 1917
Dry Tortugas National Park Florida 1992
Everglades National Park Florida 1947
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska 1980
Glacier National Park (part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park) Montana 1910
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska 1980
Grand Canyon National Park Arizona 1919
Grand Teton National Park Wyoming 1929
Great Basin National Park Nevada 1986
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado 2004
Great Smoky Mountains National Park North Carolina, Tennessee 1934
Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas 1966
Haleakala National Park Hawaii 1916
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Hawaii 1916
Hot Springs National Park Arkansas 1921
Isle Royale National Park Michigan 1940
Joshua Tree National Park California 1994
Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska 1980
Kenai Fjords National Park Alaska 1980
Kings Canyon National Park California 1940
Kobuk Valley National Park Alaska 1980
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska 1980
Lassen Volcanic National Park California 1916
Mammoth Cave National Park Kentucky 1941
Mesa Verde National Park Colorado 1906
Mount Rainier National Park Washington 1899
North Cascades National Park Washington 1968
Olympic National Park Washington 1938
Petrified Forest National Park Arizona 1962
Pinnacles National Park California 2013
Redwood National and State Parks California 1968
Rocky Mountain National Park Colorado 1915
Saguaro National Park Arizona 1994
Sequoia National Park California 1890
Shenandoah National Park Virginia 1935
Theodore Roosevelt National Park North Dakota 1978
Virgin Islands National Park U.S. Virgin Islands 1956
Voyageurs National Park Minnesota 1975
Wind Cave National Park South Dakota 1903
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska 1980
Yellowstone National Park Idaho, Montana, Wyoming 1872
Yosemite National Park California 1890
Zion National Park Utah 1919

Disbanded national parks

Name Established Disbanded Result
Abraham Lincoln National Park July 17, 1916 August 11, 1939 Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park.
Fort McHenry National Park March 3, 1925 August 11, 1939 Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine.
General Grant National Park October 1, 1890 March 4, 1940 Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park.
Hawaii National Park August 1, 1916 September 13, 1960 Divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park.
Mackinac National Park April 15, 1875 March 2, 1895 Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park.
Platt National Park June 29, 1906 March 17, 1976 Redesignated as Chickasaw National Recreation Area.
Sullys Hill National Park April 27, 1904 March 3, 1931 Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as Sullys Hill National Game Preserve.

National monuments

As of 2013, there are 108 U.S. national monuments, of which 80 are administered by the NPS and are listed below. All except Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument are official units.

Name Location
African Burial Ground National Monument New York
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument Nebraska
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument Texas
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska
Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico
Bandelier National Monument New Mexico
Booker T. Washington National Monument Virginia
Buck Island Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands
Cabrillo National Monument California
Canyon de Chelly National Monument Arizona
Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological District Alaska
Capulin Volcano National Monument New Mexico
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Arizona
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument Florida
Castle Clinton National Monument New York
Cedar Breaks National Monument Utah
César E. Chávez National Monument California
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument Ohio
Chiricahua National Monument Arizona
Colorado National Monument Colorado
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho
Devils Postpile National Monument California
Devils Tower National Monument Wyoming
Dinosaur National Monument Utah / Colorado
Effigy Mounds National Monument Iowa
El Malpais National Monument New Mexico
El Morro National Monument New Mexico
First State National Monument Delaware / Pennsylvania
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Colorado
Fort Frederica National Monument Georgia
Fort Matanzas National Monument Florida
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine Maryland
Fort Monroe National Monument Virginia
Fort Pulaski National Monument Georgia
Fort Stanwix National Monument New York
Fort Sumter National Monument South Carolina
Fort Union National Monument New Mexico
Fossil Butte National Monument Wyoming
George Washington Birthplace National Monument Virginia
George Washington Carver National Monument Missouri
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument New Mexico
Governors Island National Monument New York
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument Arizona
Grand Portage National Monument Minnesota
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Idaho
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument Maryland
Hohokam Pima National Monument Arizona
Homestead National Monument of America Nebraska
Hovenweep National Monument Colorado / Utah
Jewel Cave National Monument South Dakota
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Oregon
Lava Beds National Monument California
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument Montana
Montezuma Castle National Monument Arizona
Muir Woods National Monument California
Natural Bridges National Monument Utah
Navajo National Monument Arizona
Ocmulgee National Monument Georgia
Oregon Caves National Monument Oregon
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona
Petroglyph National Monument New Mexico
Pipe Spring National Monument Arizona
Pipestone National Monument Minnesota
Poverty Point National Monument Louisiana
Rainbow Bridge National Monument Utah
Russell Cave National Monument Alabama
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument New Mexico
Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska
Statue of Liberty National Monument New York and New Jersey
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Arizona
Timpanogos Cave National Monument Utah
Tonto National Monument Arizona
Tuzigoot National Monument Arizona
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands
Walnut Canyon National Monument Arizona
White Sands National Monument New Mexico
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument Hawaii, California, Alaska
Wupatki National Monument Arizona
Yucca House National Monument Colorado

Decommissioned national monuments

Name Established Disbanded Result
Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914 April 7, 1930 Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe
Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument May 11, 1908 August 24, 1937 Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park
Father Millet Cross National Monument August 10, 1933 September 7, 1949 Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park
Wheeler National Monument December 7, 1908 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service
Holy Cross National Monument May 11, 1929 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service
Jackson Hole National Monument 1943 September 14, 1950 Merged into Grand Teton National Park
Shoshone Cavern National Monument September 21, 1909 May 17, 1954 Transferred to Cody, Wyoming as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management.
Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 Transferred to United States Forest Service
Castle Pinckney National Monument August 10, 1933 March 29, 1956 Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained
Verendrye National Monument June 29, 1917 July 30, 1956 Transferred to North Dakota after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea
Fossil Cycad National Monument October 21, 1922 August 1, 1956 Transferred to Bureau of Land Management because of severe vandalism to the site
Ackia Battlefield National Monument August 27, 1935 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Meriwether Lewis National Monument February 6, 1925 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Petrified Forest National Monument December 8, 1906 December 9, 1962 Incorporated into Petrified Forest National Park
Lehman Caves National Monument June 10, 1933 October 27, 1986 Incorporated into Great Basin National Park[1]
Mound City Group National Monument January 1, 1918 January 2, 1992 Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Minidoka Internment National Monument January 17, 2001 May 8, 2008 Incorporated into Minidoka National Historic Site

National preserves

There are 18 national preserves.

Name Location
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Alaska
Big Cypress National Preserve Florida
Big Thicket National Preserve Texas
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho
Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado
Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska
Little River Canyon National Preserve Alabama
Mojave National Preserve California
Noatak National Preserve Alaska
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida
Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska

National historical parks

There are 46 national historical parks.

Name Location
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park Kentucky
Adams National Historical Park Massachusetts
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park Virginia
Boston National Historical Park Massachusetts
Cane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park Virginia
Chaco Culture National Historical Park New Mexico
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia
Colonial National Historical Park Virginia
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park Ohio
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Indiana
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park West Virginia
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Ohio
Independence National Historical Park Pennsylvania
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana
Kalaupapa National Historical Park Hawaii
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Hawaii
Keweenaw National Historical Park Michigan
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park) Alaska, Washington
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Oregon, Washington
Lowell National Historical Park Massachusetts
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Texas
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Vermont
Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts
Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey
Natchez National Historical Park Mississippi
New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Massachusetts
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park Louisiana
Nez Perce National Historical Park Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park Texas
Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park New Jersey
Pecos National Historical Park New Mexico
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawaii
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park California
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve U.S. Virgin Islands
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Texas
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park California
San Juan Island National Historical Park Washington
Saratoga National Historical Park New York
Sitka National Historical Park Alaska
Thomas Edison National Historical Park New Jersey
Tumacácori National Historical Park Arizona
Valley Forge National Historical Park Pennsylvania
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Guam
Women's Rights National Historical Park New York

National historic sites

The National Park Service administers most of the national historic sites. However, the U.S. Forest Service manages one, Grey Towers National Historic Site, and the Bureau of Land Management manages Fort Craig National Historic Site.

There are 90 national historic sites, of which 78 are NPS units and 12 are affiliated areas.

Name Location
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area (affiliated area) Alaska
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Andersonville National Historic Site Georgia
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Tennessee
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado
Boston African American National Historic Site Massachusetts
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Kansas
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site North Carolina
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Washington, D.C.
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site South Carolina
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area) Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area) Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic Site U.S. Virgin Islands
Clara Barton National Historic Site Maryland
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Eisenhower National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site New York
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site California
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area) Ohio
First Ladies National Historic Site Ohio
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site Washington, D.C.
Fort Bowie National Historic Site Arizona
Fort Davis National Historic Site Texas
Fort Laramie National Historic Site Wyoming
Fort Larned National Historic Site Kansas
Fort Point National Historic Site California
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site North Carolina
Fort Scott National Historic Site Kansas
Fort Smith National Historic Site Arkansas, Oklahoma
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site North Dakota
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Washington, Oregon
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Washington, D.C.
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Massachusetts
Friendship Hill National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Golden Spike National Historic Site Utah
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana
Hampton National Historic Site Maryland
Harry S Truman National Historic Site Missouri
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Iowa
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (affiliated area) South Carolina
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site New York
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Arizona
James A. Garfield National Historic Site Ohio
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Virginia
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Georgia
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Massachusetts
John Muir National Historic Site California
Kate Mullany National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site North Dakota
Lincoln Home National Historic Site Illinois
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Arkansas
Longfellow House-Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site Massachusetts
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Virginia
Manzanar National Historic Site California
Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site Georgia
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site New York
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Washington, D.C.
Minidoka National Historic Site Idaho
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site South Dakota
Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas
Ninety Six National Historic Site South Carolina
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Washington, D.C.
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site Arkansas
Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site Hawaii
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York
Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site New Hampshire
Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts
San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Colorado
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site (affiliated area) Washington, D.C.
Springfield Armory National Historic Site Massachusetts
Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site New York
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area) Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma
Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut
Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington
William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio

Disbanded national historic sites

Name Established Disbanded Result
Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site October 13, 1944 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway.
Mar-A-Lago National Historic Site October 21, 1972 December 23, 1980 Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site.
McLoughlin House National Historic Site June 27, 1941 July 29, 2003 Merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
St. Thomas National Historic Site December 24, 1960 February 5, 1975 Transferred to Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park.

Authorized national historic sites

Name Status
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site Pending acquisition of property

International historic site

Name Location
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine/New Brunswick

National battlefield parks

Name Location
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia
Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia
Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia
River Raisin National Battlefield Park Michigan

National military parks

Name Location
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia, Tennessee
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Virginia
Gettysburg National Military Park Pennsylvania
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park North Carolina
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Alabama
Kings Mountain National Military Park South Carolina
Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas
Shiloh National Military Park Tennessee
Vicksburg National Military Park Mississippi, Louisiana

Disbanded national military park

Name Established Disbanded Result
Moore's Creek National Military Park June 2, 1926 September 8, 1980 Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield.

National battlefields

Name Location
Antietam National Battlefield Maryland
Big Hole National Battlefield Montana
Cowpens National Battlefield South Carolina
Fort Donelson National Battlefield Tennessee, Kentucky
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania
Monocacy National Battlefield Maryland
Moores Creek National Battlefield North Carolina
Petersburg National Battlefield Virginia
Stones River National Battlefield Tennessee
Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Missouri

National battlefield site

Name Location
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi

National memorials

Main article: List of national memorials of the United States

There are 28 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.

Name Location
American Memorial Park (affiliated area) Northern Mariana Islands
Arkansas Post National Memorial Arkansas
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Chamizal National Memorial Texas
Coronado National Memorial Arizona
De Soto National Memorial Florida
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area) Michigan
Federal Hall National Memorial New York
Flight 93 National Memorial Pennsylvania
Fort Caroline National Memorial Florida
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington, D.C.
General Grant National Memorial New York
Hamilton Grange National Memorial New York
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Missouri
Johnstown Flood National Memorial Pennsylvania
Korean War Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial Indiana
Lincoln Memorial Washington, D.C.
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac Washington, D.C.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Washington DC
Mount Rushmore National Memorial South Dakota
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area) Oklahoma
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial California
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania
Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial Washington, D.C.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Washington, D.C.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C.
Washington Monument Washington, D.C.
World War II Memorial Washington, D.C.
Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina

Disbanded national memorials

Name Established Disbanded Result
New Echota Marker National Memorial August 10, 1933 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.
Oklahoma City National Memorial October 9, 1997 January 23, 2004 Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit.

Authorized national memorials

Name Law
Adams Memorial (authorized by Public Law 107-62)
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial (authorized by Public Law 107-117)
Mount Soledad National Memorial (authorized by Public Law 108-447)

National recreation areas

There are 18 national recreation areas.

Name Location
Amistad National Recreation Area Texas
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana, Wyoming
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Massachusetts
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Georgia
Chickasaw National Recreation Area Oklahoma
Curecanti National Recreation Area Colorado
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Gateway National Recreation Area New York, New Jersey
Gauley River National Recreation Area West Virginia
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Utah, Arizona
Golden Gate National Recreation Area California
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Washington
Lake Mead National Recreation Area Nevada, Arizona
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area Texas
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area Washington
Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area California
Whiskeytown National Recreation Area California

Disbanded national recreation areas

Name Established Disbanded Result
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area December 27, 1974 October 11, 2000 Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Shasta Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 July 1, 1948 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Lake Texoma Recreation Area April 18, 1946 June 30, 1949 returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Millerton Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 November 1, 1957 Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California Department of Water Resources
Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area July 22, 1963 October 1, 1968 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Shadow Mountain National Recreation Area June 27, 1952 March 1, 1979 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores

There are 10 national seashores.

Name Location
Assateague Island National Seashore Maryland, Virginia
Canaveral National Seashore Florida
Cape Cod National Seashore Massachusetts
Cape Hatteras National Seashore North Carolina
Cape Lookout National Seashore North Carolina
Cumberland Island National Seashore Georgia
Fire Island National Seashore New York
Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida, Mississippi
Padre Island National Seashore Texas
Point Reyes National Seashore California

National lakeshores

There are four national lakeshores, located in Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

Name Location
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan

National rivers

There are 5 national rivers and 10 national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.

Name Location
Alagnak Wild and Scenic River Alaska
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Kentucky, Tennessee
Bluestone National Scenic River West Virginia
Buffalo National River Arkansas
Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational River New Jersey
Middle Delaware National Scenic River New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Minnesota
Missouri National Recreational River Nebraska, South Dakota
New River Gorge National River West Virginia
Niobrara National Scenic River Nebraska
Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee
Ozark National Scenic Riverways Missouri
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Texas
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway Wisconsin, Minnesota
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River New York, Pennsylvania

National reserves

Name Location
City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho
Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey

National parkways

Name Location
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland, Washington, D.C.
Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia
Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park) Tennessee
George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the Parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion). Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming
Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee
Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area) Washington, D.C.
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (affiliated area) Washington, D.C.
Suitland Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland

National historic and scenic trails

These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only 3 of the trails are considered official units of the park system.

Name Location
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Hawaii
Appalachian Trail (one of the 401 official units) Maine - Georgia
California National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Delaware - District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail Louisiana - Texas
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail New Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic Trail Wisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Arizona - California
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Illinois - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Illinois - Utah
Natchez Trace Trail (one of the 401 official units) Mississippi - Tennessee
North Country National Scenic Trail New York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic Trail New Mexico - California
Oregon National Historic Trail Missouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Virginia - Tennessee - North Carolina - South Carolina
Pony Express National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (one of the 401 official units) Virginia - Maryland - Pennsylvania - Washington, D.C.
Santa Fe National Historic Trail Missouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Alabama
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Tennessee - Oklahoma

National cemeteries

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

Name Location
Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia
Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery Illinois
Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee
Antietam National Cemetery Maryland
Arlington National Cemetery Virginia
Battleground National Cemetery Washington, D.C.
Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana
Custer National Cemetery Montana
Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee
Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia
Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania
Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia
Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee
Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee
Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi
Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia

Transferred national cemeteries

Name Established Disbanded Result
Chattanooga National Cemetery August 10, 1933 December 7, 1944 returned to War Department

National heritage areas

The National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.

Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and national capital parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also national historic sites.

Name Location
Catoctin Mountain Park Maryland
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area) Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area) North Dakota/Manitoba
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area) Alaska
Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area) Maine
National Capital Parks-East Washington, D.C./Maryland
National Mall and Memorial Parks (National Capital Parks-Central) Washington, D.C.
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area) New Jersey
White House Washington, D.C.
Prince William Forest Park Virginia
Rock Creek Park Washington, D.C.
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area) New Brunswick
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area)[2] Washington
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia

There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.

Disbanded other areas

Name Established Disbanded Result
National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C. March 12, 1968 December 29, 1981 transferred to Department of Transportation.
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts June 16, 1972 July 21, 1994 transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees.

In the 1930 and 40s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.

See also


  • Bureau Historian (2006). "Former National Park System Units: An Analysis".
  • National Park Service. "National Monument Proclamations under the Antiquities Act"
  • National Park Service Office of Public Affairs (2009). "Units in the National Park System". Last November 5, 2009. (Lists 392 NPS units by classification).

External links

  • Alphabetical list of places at the National Park Service website
  • Former National Park System Units: An Analysis
  • National Park Service
  • National Park Foundation
  • Parks by Date of Establishment
  • America's Hidden Treasures, an essay on the lesser known National Parks
  • [1] The National Park Travelers Club - an organization of individuals attempting to visit all units of the NPS
it:Parchi nazionali degli Stati Uniti d'America

nl:Lijst van gebieden in het Nationaal Park Systeem van de Verenigde Staten ja:アメリカ合衆国国立公園 qu:Hukllachasqa Amirika Suyukunapi mama llaqta parkikuna ru:Список национальных парков США sv:Lista över nationalparker i USA tr:ABD'deki ulusal parklar listesi