List of world records in swimming

List of world records in swimming

Michael Phelps currently holds the most world records in swimming with seven. Note Phelps is wearing a now banned version of the LZR Racer.

The world records in swimming are ratified by the international governing body of swimming FINA. Records can be set in long course (50 metres) or short course (25 metres) swimming pools. FINA recognises world records in the following events for both men and women.[1]

The long course (LCM) records are significantly older than the short course (SCM) records, and are generally viewed as more prestigious of two. LCM records originate as early as the early 1900s (later in the cases of butterfly evolving out of breaststroke). As for SCM, FINA first began the recognition process for these records in March 1991, with the establishment/setting of a standard time in each event (generally tied to the then-known World Best Time (WBT)), which had to be bettered in order for FINA's initially recognized "World Record" in the short course event.

The ratification process is described in FINA Rule SW12,[1] and involves submission of paperwork certifying the accuracy of the timing system and the length of the pool, satisfaction of FINA rules regarding swimwear and a negative doping test by the swimmer(s) involved. Records can be set at intermediate distances in an individual race and for the first leg of a relay race. Records which have not yet been fully ratified are marked with a '#' symbol in these lists.

Most of the records below were established by swimmers wearing bodysuits or suits made of polyurethane or other non-textile materials allowed in the race pool from February 2008 until December 2009. On the eve of the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome, the international governing body for five Olympic aquatic sports voted to ban the use of bodysuits and all suits made of non-textile materials starting 1 January 2010.[2][3] The suits seemed to improve the performance in those with larger physiques, boosting performance in some athletes more than others, depending on morphology and physiology,[4] and creating an angle of buoyancy that was improved in some more than on others..

On July 25, 2013 FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[5] FINA will establish “standards” before something can be recognized as the first World Record in these events.[6]

Contents

  • Long course 1
    • Men 1.1
    • Women 1.2
    • Mixed relay 1.3
  • Short course 2
    • Men 2.1
    • Women 2.2
    • Mixed relay 2.3
  • Record holders' rankings 3
    • By nation 3.1
    • By athlete (men) 3.2
    • By athlete (women) 3.3
  • Gallery of record holders 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Long course

Men

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle 20.91 Cielo , CésarCésar Cielo  Brazil 18 Dec 2009 Brazilian Championships São Paulo, Brazil [7][8]
100 m freestyle 46.91 Cielo , CésarCésar Cielo  Brazil 30 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [9][10]
200 m freestyle 1:42.00 Biedermann , PaulPaul Biedermann  Germany 28 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [11][12]
400 m freestyle 3:40.07 Biedermann , PaulPaul Biedermann  Germany 26 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [13][14]
800 m freestyle 7:32.12 Zhang Lin  China 29 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [15][16]
1500 m freestyle 14:31.02 Yang , SunSun Yang  China 4 Aug 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [17]
50 m backstroke 24.04 Tancock , LiamLiam Tancock  Great Britain 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [18][19]
100 m backstroke 51.94 Peirsol , AaronAaron Peirsol  United States 8 Jul 2009 US Championships Indianapolis, United States [20][21]
200 m backstroke 1:51.92 Peirsol , AaronAaron Peirsol  United States 31 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [22][23]
50m breaststroke 26.62 sf Peaty , AdamAdam Peaty  Great Britain 22 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [24]
100 m breaststroke 58.46 van der Burgh , CameronCameron van der Burgh  South Africa 29 Jul 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [25][26]
200 m breaststroke 2:07.01 Yamaguchi , AkihiroAkihiro Yamaguchi  Japan 15 Sep 2012 National Games Gifu, Gifu, Japan [27]
50 m butterfly 22.43 sf Muñoz , RafaelRafael Muñoz  Spain 5 Apr 2009 Spanish Championships Málaga, Spain [28][29]
100 m butterfly 49.82 Phelps , MichaelMichael Phelps  United States 1 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [30][31]
200 m butterfly 1:51.51 Phelps , MichaelMichael Phelps  United States 29 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [32][33]
200 m individual medley 1:54.00 Lochte , RyanRyan Lochte  United States 28 Jul 2011 World Championships Shanghai, China [34][35]
400 m individual medley 4:03.84 Phelps , MichaelMichael Phelps  United States 10 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [36][37]
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:08.24
 United States 11 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [38][39]
4×200 m freestyle relay 6:58.55
 United States 31 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [40][41]
4×100 m medley relay 3:27.28
 United States 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [42][43]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 23.73 Steffen , BrittaBritta Steffen  Germany 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [44][45]
100m freestyle 52.07 Steffen , BrittaBritta Steffen  Germany 31 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [46][47]
200m freestyle 1:52.98 Pellegrini , FedericaFederica Pellegrini  Italy 29 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [48][49]
400m freestyle 3:58.37 Ledecky , KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 23 August 2014 Pan Pacific Championships Gold Coast, Australia [50]
800m freestyle 8:11.00 Ledecky , KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 22 June 2014 Woodlands Senior Invitational Meet Shenandoah, United States [51]
1500m freestyle 15:28.36 Ledecky , KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 24 August 2014 Pan Pacific Championships Gold Coast, Australia [52]
50m backstroke 27.06 Zhao Jing  China 30 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [53][54]
100m backstroke 58.12 Spofforth , GemmaGemma Spofforth  Great Britain 28 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [55][56]
200m backstroke 2:04.06 Franklin , MissyMissy Franklin  United States 3 Aug 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [57]
50m breaststroke 29.48 sf Meilutytė , RūtaRūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 3 Aug 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [58]
100m breaststroke 1:04.35 sf Meilutytė , RūtaRūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 29 Jul 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [59]
200m breaststroke 2:19.11 sf Pedersen , Rikke MøllerRikke Møller Pedersen  Denmark 1 Aug 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [60]
50m butterfly 24.43 Sjöström , SarahSarah Sjöström  Sweden 5 July 2014 Swedish Championships Borås, Sweden [61]
100m butterfly 55.98 Vollmer , DanaDana Vollmer  United States 29 Jul 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [62]
200m butterfly 2:01.81 Liu Zige  China 21 Oct 2009 Chinese National Games Jinan, China [63]
200m individual medley 2:06.15 (27.72; 31.52; 37.07; 29.84) Kukors , ArianaAriana Kukors  United States 27 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [64][65]
400m individual medley 4:28.43 (1:02.19; 1:09.54; 1:18.02; 58.68) Shiwen , YeYe Shiwen  China 28 Jul 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [66]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:30.98
 Australia 24 July 2014 Commonwealth Games Glasgow, Great Britain [67]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:42.08
 China 30 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [68][69]
4×100m medley relay 3:52.05
 United States 4 Aug 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [70]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
4×100m mixed freestyle relay 3:23.29
 Australia 1 February 2014 BHP Billiton Aquatic Super Series Perth, Australia [71]
4×100m mixed medley relay 3:44.02
 Great Britain 19 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [72]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Short course

Men

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 20.26 Manaudou , FlorentFlorent Manaudou  France 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [73]
100m freestyle 44.94 Leveaux , AmauryAmaury Leveaux  France 13 December 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia [74][75]
200m freestyle 1:39.37 Biedermann , PaulPaul Biedermann  Germany 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [76][77][78]
400m freestyle 3:32.25 Agnel , YannickYannick Agnel  France 15 November 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [79]
800m freestyle 7:23.42 Hackett , GrantGrant Hackett  Australia 20 July 2008 Victoria Championships Melbourne, Australia [80]
1500m freestyle 14:10.10 Hackett , GrantGrant Hackett  Australia 7 August 2001 Australian Championships Perth, Australia [81]
50m backstroke 22.22 Manaudou , FlorentFlorent Manaudou  France 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [82]
100m backstroke 48.94 r Thoman , NickNick Thoman  United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [83]
200m backstroke 1:46.11 Vyatchanin , ArkadyArkady Vyatchanin  Russia 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
50m breaststroke 25.25 Burgh , Cameron van derCameron van der Burgh  South Africa 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
100m breaststroke 55.61 Burgh , Cameron van derCameron van der Burgh  South Africa 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
200m breaststroke 2:00.48 Gyurta , DánielDániel Gyurta  Hungary 31 August 2014 World Cup Dubai, United Arab Emirates [84]
50m butterfly 21.80 Deibler , SteffenSteffen Deibler  Germany 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
100m butterfly 48.44 le Clos , ChadChad le Clos  South Africa 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [85]
200m butterfly 1:48.56 le Clos , ChadChad le Clos  South Africa 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [86]
100m individual medley 50.66 Deibler , MarkusMarkus Deibler  Germany 7 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [87]
200m individual medley 1:49.63 Lochte , RyanRyan Lochte  United States 14 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [88]
400m individual medley 3:55.50 Lochte , RyanRyan Lochte  United States 16 December 2010 World Championships Dubai, United Arab Emirates [89]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:22.60
 Russia 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [90]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:03.30
 United States 19 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [91]
4×200m freestyle relay 6:49.04
 Russia 16 December 2010 World Championships Dubai, United Arab Emirates [92]
4×50m medley relay 1:30.51  Brazil 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [93]
4×100m medley relay 3:19.16
 Russia 20 December 2009 Vladimir Salnikov Cup Saint Petersburg, Russia [94]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 23.24 Kromowidjojo , RanomiRanomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 7 August 2013 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [95]
100m freestyle 51.01 Trickett , LibbyLibby Trickett  Australia 10 August 2009 Australian Championships Hobart, Australia [96]
200m freestyle 1:50.78 Sjöström , SarahSarah Sjöström  Sweden 7 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [97]
400m freestyle 3:54.52 Belmonte García , MireiaMireia Belmonte García  Spain 11 August 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [98]
800m freestyle 7:59.34 Belmonte García , MireiaMireia Belmonte García  Spain 10 August 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [99]
1500m freestyle 15:22.68 Boyle , LaurenLauren Boyle  New Zealand 9 August 2014 Wellington Winter Championships Wellington, New Zealand [100]
50m backstroke 25.67 Medeiros , EtieneEtiene Medeiros  Brazil 7 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [101]
100m backstroke 55.03 Hosszú , KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [102]
200m backstroke 1:59.23 Hosszú , KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [103]
50m breaststroke 28.80 Hardy , JessicaJessica Hardy  United States 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [104]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Meilutytė , RūtaRūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [105]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Atkinson , AliaAlia Atkinson  Jamaica 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [106]
200m breaststroke 2:14.57 Soni , RebeccaRebecca Soni  United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom
50m butterfly 24.38 Alshammar , ThereseTherese Alshammar  Sweden 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore [107]
100m butterfly 54.61 Sjöström , SarahSarah Sjöström  Sweden 7 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [108]
200m butterfly 1:59.61 Belmonte Garcia , MireiaMireia Belmonte Garcia  Spain 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [109]
100m individual medley 56.70 Hosszú , KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [110]
200m individual medley 2:01.86 Hosszú , KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [111]
400m individual medley 4:19.86 Belmonte Garcia , MireiaMireia Belmonte Garcia  Spain 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [112]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:34.24
 The Netherlands 7 December 2014 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [113]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:26.53
 The Netherlands 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [114]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:32.85
 The Netherlands 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [115]
4×50m medley relay 1:44.04
 Denmark 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [116]
4×100m medley relay 3:45.56
 United States 16 December 2011 Duel in the Pool Atlanta, United States [117][118]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4×50 m mixed freestyle relay 1:28.57
 United States 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [119]
4×50 m mixed medley relay 1:37.17
 United States 21 December 2013 Duel in the Pool Glasgow, Great Britain [120]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Record holders' rankings

By nation

Record
tally
Nation LC SC Total LC SC Total LC SC Total
Men Women Mixed
25  United States 9 4 13 7 3 10 2 2
7  Germany 2 3 5 2 2
6  China 2 2 4 4
5  Australia 2 2 1 1 2 1 1
5  Spain 1 1 4 4
5  Hungary 1 1 4 4
5  South Africa 1 4 5
4  Brazil 2 1 3 1 1
4  France 4 4
4  Great Britain 2 2 1 1 1 1
4  Netherlands 4 4
4  Russia 4 4
4  Sweden 1 3 4
3  Lithuania 2 1 3
2  Denmark 1 1 2
1  Italy 1 1
1  Japan 1 1
1  New Zealand 1 1

By athlete (men)

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
7 Michael Phelps  United States 100m butterfly LC
200m butterfly LC
400m individual medley LC
4×100m freestyle relay LC
4×200m freestyle relay LC
4×100m medley relay LC
4×100m freestyle relay SC
4 Ryan Lochte 200m individual medley LC
4×200m freestyle relay LC
200m individual medley SC
400m individual medley SC
3 Cesar Cielo  Brazil 50m freestyle LC
100m freestyle LC
4×50m medley relay SC
Paul Biedermann  Germany 200m freestyle LC
400m freestyle LC
200m freestyle SC
Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 50m breaststroke SC
100m breaststroke SC
100m breaststroke LC
Aaron Peirsol  United States 100m backstroke LC
200m backstroke LC
4×100m medley relay LC

By athlete (women)

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
4 Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 100m backstroke SC
200m backstroke SC
100m individual medley SC
200m individual medley SC
Mireia Belmonte  Spain 400m freestyle SC
800m freestyle SC
200m butterfly SC
400m individual medley SC
Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 50m freestyle SC
4×50m freestyle relay SC
4×100m freestyle relay SC
4×200m freestyle relay SC
3 Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 50m breaststroke LC
100m breaststroke LC
100m breaststroke SC
Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 50m butterfly LC
200m freestyle SC
100m butterfly SC
Katie Ledecky  United States 400m freestyle LC
800m freestyle LC
1500m freestyle LC
Rebecca Soni 4×100m medley relay LC
200m breaststroke SC
4×100m medley relay SC
Dana Vollmer 100m butterfly LC
4×100m medley relay LC
4×100m medley relay SC
Missy Franklin 4×100m medley relay LC
200m backstroke LC
4×100m medley relay SC

Gallery of record holders

Some of the current world record holders in swimming in alphabetical order.

References

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External links

  • FINA swimming world records