List of Important Cultural Properties of Japan (Shōwa period: structures)

This list is of Japanese structures dating from the Shōwa period (1926–1989) that have been designated Important Cultural Properties.[1] As of early 2014, forty-four sites with eighty-one component structures have been so designated.[2]

Structures

Structure Date Municipality Prefecture Comments Image Coordinates Ref.
Kon Family Residence
金家住宅
Kon-ke jūtaku
1925-8 Kita-Akita Akita designation comprises four components: western-style residence (1925), Japanese-style residence (1928), rice storehouse (1913), warehouse (1902); one of the few hybrid residences in Tōhoku [1] [2]
Marunuma Dam
丸沼堰堤
Marunuma entei
1931 Katashina Gunma 88.2 m wide, 32.1 m high; for hydroelectric power [3]
Former Maeda Family Main Residence
旧前田家本邸
kyū-Maeda-ke hontei
1929-30 Meguro Tokyo designation comprises eight components: western-style residence, main gate, and gatehouse (1929), and Japanese-style residence, two associated corridors, waiting area for a chashitsu, and gate (1930) [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Former Tokyo Science Museum: main building
旧東京科学博物館本館
kyū-Tōkyō Kagaku Hakubutsukan honkan
1931 Taitō Tokyo part of the rebuilding after the Great Kantō earthquake; now the National Museum of Nature and Science [12]
Former Tokyo Imperial Museum: main building
旧東京科学博物館本館
kyū-Tōkyō Teishitsu Hakubutsukan honkan
1937 Taitō Tokyo constructed after the Great Kantō earthquake at a cost of six million yen after the design by Watanabe Hitoshi; now the Tokyo National Museum[3] [13]
National Museum of Western Art: main building
国立西洋美術館本館
Kokuritsu Seiyō Bijutsukan honkan
1959 Taitō Tokyo by Le Corbusier; submitted in 2007 for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List; not a National Treasure[4] [14]
Mitsui main building
三井本館
Mitsui honkan
1929 Chūō Tokyo built to replace the 1889 headquarters, heavily damaged in the Great Kantō earthquake; now houses the Mitsui Memorial Museum[5][6] [15]
Jiyū Gakuen House of Tomorrow
自由学園明日館
Jiyū Gakuen myōnichikan
1927 Toshima Tokyo by Frank Lloyd Wright; formerly the Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School; designation comprises four components: central building (1921), east classroom building (1925), west classroom building (1922), and lecture hall (1927) [16]
Kachidoki Bridge
勝鬨橋
Kachidoki bashi
1940 Chūō Tokyo movable bridge [17]
Kiyosu Bridge
勝鬨橋
Kiyosu bashi
1928 Chūō Tokyo suspension bridge reconstructed after the Great Kantō earthquake [18]
Waseda University Ōkuma Auditorium
早稲田大学大隈記念講堂
Waseda daigaku Ōkuma kinen kōdō
1927 Shinjuku Tokyo named after the founder, Ōkuma Shigenobu [19]
Sonkeikaku Bunko
尊経閣文庫
Sonkeikaku Bunko
1928 Meguro Tokyo designation comprises four components: library, archive, storage space, and gate [20] [21] [22] [23]
Meiji Life Insurance Mutual headquarters: main building
明治生命保険相互会社本社本館
Meiji seimei hokensō gogaisha honsha honkan
1934 Chiyoda Tokyo now the headquarters of Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company [24]
Takashimaya Tokyo store
明治生命保険相互会社本社本館
Takashimaya Tōkyō-ten
1933 Chūō Tokyo occupies an entire city block [25]
Former Sado Mining Sites
旧佐渡鉱山採鉱施設
kyū-Sado kōzan saikō shisetsu
1937-1940 Sado Niigata designation comprises seven components: great shaft tower (1940), associated chamber (1940), tunnels (1940), ore crushing facility (1937), conveyor belts (1938), machinery workshop (1940), and Meiji-period bridge; The Sado complex of heritage mines, primarily gold mines have been submitted for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List[7] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31]
Bandai Bridge
萬代橋
Bandai bashi
1929 Niigata Niigata 306.9 m long, 22 m wide [32]
Shiraiwa Check Dam Facility
白岩堰堤砂防施設
Shiraiwa entei sabō shisetsu
1939 Toyama Toyama check dam to reduce erosion and flooding; designation comprises four components: main dam (1939), sub-dam (1919), boards (1939), and shoring works (1939) [33] [34] [35]
Fugan Canal Lock Facility (Nakajima Lock Gate)
富岩運河水閘施設 (中島閘門)
Fugan unga suikō shisetsu (Nakajima kōmon)
1934 Toyama Toyama designation comprises five components: lock, spillway, Nakajima Bridge (two components), and control room [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]
Katakurakan
片倉館
Katakurakan
1928 Suwa Nagano western-style spa complex; designation comprises three components: bath house, meeting hall, and connecting corridor [41] [42] [43]
Atami Hyūga Family Villa Annex
旧日向家熱海別邸地下室
kyū-Hyūga-ke Atami bettei chikashitsu
1936 Atami Shizuoka by Bruno Taut [44]
Nagoya Higashiyama Botanical Garden greenhouse
名古屋市東山植物園温室前館
Nagoya-shi Higashiyama shokubutsuen
1936 Nagoya Aichi one of the first iron and glass buildings in the country [45]
Hinjitsukan
旧賓日館
kyū-Hinjitsukan
1935 Ise Mie guesthouse for visitors to Ise Jingu; designation comprises three components: main building (1887), storeroom (1887), and hall (1935) [46]
Haiseiden
俳聖殿
Haiseiden
1942 Iga Mie by Itō Chūta for the 300th anniversary celebrations of Matsuo Bashō; in the grounds of Iga Ueno Castle [47]
Suehiro Bridge
末広橋梁
Suehiro kyōryō
1930 Yokkaichi Mie bascule bridge; former Yokkaichi Port Station railway bridge [48]
Kamigamo Jinja
賀茂別雷神社
Kamigamo Jinja Kataoka hashi
1926 Kyoto Kyoto designation comprises thirty-four components, mainly dating to the early Edo period, also including the Kataoka Bridge (片岡橋) of 1926 [49]
Nomura Hekiunsō
野村碧雲荘
Nomura Hekiunsō
1928 Kyoto Kyoto villa built for Tokushichi Nomura II in the grounds of Nanzen-ji; the gardens use water from Lake Biwa Canal; designation comprises seventeen components, including a Noh stage and chashitsu; six date from the Taishō era and the remainder from 1928 [50]
Ōe Bridge and Yodoya Bridge
大江橋及び淀屋橋
Ōe bashi oyobi Yodoya bashi
1935 Osaka Osaka over the Kyū-Yodo River via Nakanoshima; Yodoya Bridge pictured [51] [52]
Mengyō Kaikan
綿業会館
Mengyō kaikan
1931 Osaka Osaka for leaders of the textile industry [53]
Former Kōya-guchi School Building
旧高野口尋常高等小学校校舎
kyū-Kōya-guchi jinjō kōtō shō gakkō kōsha kaikan
1937 Hashimoto Wakayama [54]
Mitani Waterworks Facility Site
旧美歎水源地水道施設
kyū-Mitani suigenchi suidō shisetsu
1926-8 Tottori Tottori designation comprises ten components, eight dating to the Taishō period, the fifth filtration pond to 1928 and the meter room to 1926-8 [55] [56]
Ishitani Family Residence
石谷家住宅
Ishitani-ke jūtaku
1926-8 Chizu Tottori designation with eight components, two dating to the Meiji period, three to the Taishō period, the main building to 1928, parlour to 1926-8, and family room to 1928 [57] [58] [59]
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum
広島平和記念資料館
Hiroshima heiwa kinen shiryōkan
1955 Hiroshima Hiroshima by Kenzo Tange; in Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park [60]
Hiroshima World Peace Memorial Cathedral
世界平和記念聖堂
Sekai heiwa kinen seidō
1954 Hiroshima Hiroshima by Tōgo Murano [61]
Watanabe Memorial Hall
渡辺翁記念会館
Sekai heiwa kinen seidō
1937 Ube Yamaguchi by Tōgo Murano; for industrialist Watanabe Sukesaku (渡辺祐策) [62]
Arichi Family Residence
有近家住宅
Arichi-ke jūtaku
1926-45 Yamaguchi Yamaguchi designation comprises seven components, one dating to the Meiji period, three to the Taishō period, and a Nagaya (1929), pickles hut (1926–45), and bottle washery (1936) [63] [64] [65]
Mikawa Family Residence
三河家住宅
Mikawa-ke jūtaku
1928 Tokushima Tokushima illustrates the proliferation of modern materials and styles [66]
Hōnen'ike Dam
豊稔池堰堤
Hōnen-ike entei
1929 Kan'onji Kagawa 145.5 m wide, 30.4 m high [67]
Hizuchi Primary School
日土小学校
Hizuchi shōgakkō
1956-8 Yawatahama Ehime designation comprises two components, central block (1956) and east wing (1958) [68] [69]
Yanase Forest Railway Facilities
旧魚梁瀬森林鉄道施設
kyū-Yanase shinrin tetsudō shisetsu
to 1941 Kōchi designation includes fourteen component tunnels and bridges, four from the Meiji period, five from the Taishō period and five from the Shōwa period [70] [71] [72] [73] [74]
Shime Shaft Mine Intake
旧志免鉱業所竪坑櫓
kyū-Shime kōgyōsho tatekō yagura
1943 Shime Fukuoka for shaft mining in the Kasuya coal fields (糟屋炭田); 47.6 m [75]
Chikugo River Lift Bridge
旧筑後川橋梁 (筑後川昇開橋)
kyū-Chikugogawa kyōryō (Chikugogawa shōkaikyō)
1935 Ōkawa Fukuoka Vertical-lift bridge; 507.2 m [76]
Nabeshima Family Residence
旧鍋島家住宅
kyū-Nabeshima-ke jūtaku
1930 Unzen Nagasaki designation comprises five components, dating from the Edo, Meiji and Shōwa periods (the main building) [77]
Hakusui Dam Facilities
白水溜池堰堤水利施設
Hakusui tame-ike entei suiri shisetsu
1938 Taketa Ōita designation comprises two components, the main dam and sub-dam [78] [79]
Tsukayama Awamori Production Facilities
津嘉山酒造所施設
Tsukayama shuzōsho shisetsu
1935 Nago Okinawa designation comprises two components: main building, which includes residential quarters; and the koji house [80] [81]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cultural Properties for Future Generations". Agency for Cultural Affairs. March 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Database of National Cultural Properties: 国宝・重要文化財 (建造物): 昭和" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Construction of the new Honkan: The Museum during World War II". Tokyo National Museum. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Main Building of the National Museum of Western Art". UNESCO. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Watanabe Hiroshi (2001). The Architecture of Tōkyō. Edition Axel Menges. p. 99. ISBN . 
  6. ^ "Mitsui Honkan (architectural drawings)". Architectural Institute of Japan. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "The Sado complex of heritage mines, primarily gold mines". UNESCO. Retrieved 27 August 2013.