List of African mythological figures

List of African mythological figures

This is a list of African deities with a brief description of their attributes.



  • Anansi - Depicted in numerous forms: a spider, a human or combinations thereof. Known as a trickster.
  • Asase Ya - Earth goddess of fertility
  • Nyame - The supreme god of the Ashanti people



  • Mami Wata - Goddess of Beauty (one of the water spirits); Accompanied by a snake and wealth.
  • Bondye, in Haitian Vodou, Bondye is the supreme being from bon "good" + dye "God". This belief is held in several West African religions, such as that of the Yoruba, Odinani, and Vodun



  • Chukwu - the supreme deity in Odinani
  • Aha Njoku - goddess responsible for yams, which were an ingredient important in the Igbo diet, and the women who care for them.
  • Ala - earth goddess and goddess of fertility.
  • Amadioha - god of thunder and lightning
  • Ikenga - god of fortune and industry
  • Agwu - god of medicine men, god of divination and healing
  • Anyanwu - sun goddess
  • Ekwensu - Trickster god
  • Aro - god of judgment (also seen as the Supreme god's "Chukwu's" agent of judgment.)
  • Ogbunabali - Igbo god of death and war






Maasai / Gikuyu

  • Ngai - Supreme god, lives on the holy mountain Kirinyaga (Mount Kenya). (Maasai)


  • Waaq - (Ororomo) Single supreme and universal deity (creator of day and night)


Sawar (Cameroon)

  • Jengu - (Sawa) deity of water spirits (also, the name for the water spirits themselves)



  • Mwari - (Shona people of Zimbabwe)
  • Nyadenga - (Shona people of Zimbabwe)
  • Nyami Nyami - "The River Snake" God of the Zambezi River



  • Babalu Aye - deity of disease and illness.
  • Eshu - messenger between human and divine, god of crossroads
  • Nana - female deity of creation, sky mother, associated with the moon.
  • Obatala - father of orishas and humankind
  • Ogun - deity of iron, war, labour, and technology
  • Olorun - creator of the universe, sky father
  • Orunmila - deity of wisdom, divination and foresight
  • Oshun - goddess of rivers, love, fertility, and art
  • Oxossi - hunter and the scout of the orishas
  • Oya - warrior goddess of wind, hurricanes, and underworld gates
  • Shango - warrior god of thunder, fire, sky father
  • Iemanja - divine mother goddess, divine goddess of the sea and Mother of mankind
  • Ozain - He owns the Omiero, a holy liquid consisting of many herbs, liquid through which all Saints and ceremonies have to go through. Ozain owns the herbs, is a natural healer.
  • Agayu - Father of Shango, who is also said to be Shango's brother in other stories, Agayu is said to be the orisha of volcanoes and the desert.
  • Osun - ruler of the head, Ori


Waaqaa and Waaqefennaa - The oromos of Ethiopia, the Ethnic majority in the country follows different religions including Christianity,Isalam and Waaqefanna.

Waaqeefanna - means worshiping God. Waaqa means the supreme God. The oromo people gather every year near Bushooftu lake of Bushooftuu town, east and very close to Finfinnee(Addis Ababa), the capital city of Ethiopia. Several tourists from around the world attend this ceremony each year.

See also


  1. ^ a b (French) Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès", [in] Éthiopiques, no. 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [1] (Retrieved : 9 June 2012)
  2. ^ a b (English) Kellog, Day Otis, and Smith, William Robertson, "The Encyclopedia Britannica: latest edition. A dictionary of arts, sciences and general literature", Volume 25, p 64, Werner (1902)
  3. ^ International African Institute, Environment Training Programme, "African environment, Volume 11, Issues 1-2", Environment Training Programme (2002), pp 104, 117
  4. ^ (French) Gravrand, Henry, "La Civilisation Sereer - Pangool", vol. 2. Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal (1990), pp 9, 20, 312-14, ISBN 2-7236-1055-1