The town was the scene of two famous battles:
- The Battle of Lützen (1632) in the Thirty Years' War, in which Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden defeated Albrecht von Wallenstein. However, Gustavus Adolphus himself died on the battlefield, resulting in the battle being a Pyrrhic victory for Sweden. There is a statue in Lützen in his memory. Also, there is a stone, called Schwedenstein (Swedenstone), covered by a gothic-style monument on the spot on the battlefield where he died. Close to this there is a memorial church in his honour.
- The Battle of Lützen (1813) in the Napoleonic Wars, in which Napoleon defeated combined Russian and Prussian forces in nearby Großgörschen.
- Official Website
- LützenDetails about