18 July 1898|
22 October 1943
west of Porto Santo Stefano
|Rank||Fregattenkapitän of the Reserves|
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Dr.-Ing. Karl-Friedrich Wilhelm Anton August Brill[Notes 1] (18 July 1898 – 22 October 1943) was a Fregattenkapitän of the Reserves with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and member of the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt in the aftermaths of World War I. He is also a posthumous recipient of the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Brill was killed in action when the Minenschiff "Juminda" was sunk on 22 October 1943 west of Porto Santo Stefano by three American torpedo boats from the 15th Squadron MTB coming from the base of La Maddalena. PT 212, PT 206, PT 216 launched several torpedoes but only the PT 212 scored 2 hits at the stern of the vessel.
More than 60 German sailors were killed in this enagegement, while only sixteen of them were saved. The body of Karl-Friedrich Brill was found in the sea two days later and buried with military honors on 27 October 1943 at the cemetery of Orbetello and then transferred to the German cemetery at Pomezia.
Brill was also SA-Sturmbannführer zur Verwendung (for disposition) of the SA-Standarte 17, Ludwigshafen (Group Kurpfalz). He was promoted to SA-Standartenführer in conjunction with the Knight's Cross presentation.
- Awards 1
- Notes 2
- References 3
- External links 4
- Iron Cross (1914) 2nd Class (19 October 1917)
- Clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class (9 March 1940)
- Iron Cross (1939) 1st Class (27 April 1940)
- German Cross in Gold (20 November 1941)
- Finnish Order of the Cross of Liberty 2nd Class (1 November 1941)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Kriegsabzeichen für Minensuch-, U-Boot-Jagd- und Sicherungsverbände (5 November 1940)
- with Diamonds on 18 May 1944 (posthumous)
- Dörr 1995, p. 91.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 145.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 74.
- Dörr, Manfred (1995). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine, Band 1: A-K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2453-0.
- Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- Frey, Gerhard; Herrmann, Hajo: Helden der Wehrmacht III - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2007. ISBN 978-3-924309-82-4.
- Ritterkreuzträger 1939–45
- Photographic album of a rescued sailor - Minen Schiff COBRA