|Nickname(s)||"Lion of Kuban"|
7 May 1915|
16 August 1991
Nazi Germany (to 1945)
Luftwaffe (1935–45), (1956–70)
|Years of service||1934–45, 1956–70|
|Unit||JG 52, JG 77|
|Commands held||2./JG 52, I./JG 52, JG 77|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Johannes Wiese (7 May 1915 – 16 August 1991) was a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1935 until the end of World War II on 8 May 1945. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. After the war in 1956 he joined the Bundeswehr and attained the rank of Oberstleutnant. He retired on 30 November 1970.
- Career 1
- Awards 2
- References 3
- External links 4
His most successful day was 5 July 1943 when he shot down twelve enemy aircraft in one mission.
Johannes Wiese was officially credited with 133 victories claimed in 480 combat missions. Additionally he had 25 more unconfirmed claims. Among his claims are 70 Il-2 Stormoviks. Soviet fighter pilots therefore greatly respected Wiese, and referred to him as the "Lion of Kuban."
On December 1, 1944, Wiese became Geschwaderkommodore of the JG 77. Only three weeks later he was severely injured when, following ejection at an altitude of more than 9000 meters after combat with British Spitfires, his parachute ruptured 80 meters above ground. He spent the rest of the winter in hospital, and was replaced as commander by Erich Leie. He surrendered to U.S. forces at the end of the war but was released from captivity only weeks later. However, Wiese spent over four years in Soviet POW camps from September 1945 onward, having been denounced by German communists.
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (6 November 1942)
- Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (27 September 1941)
- 1st Class (1 May 1942)
- German Cross in Gold on 5 December 1942 as Hauptmann in the I./JG 52
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Schaulen 2005, p. 140.
- Obermaier 1989, p. 62.
- Thomas 1998, p. 443.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 512.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 785.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 446.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.
- Schaulen, Fritjof (2005). Eichenlaubträger 1940 – 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe III Radusch – Zwernemann [Oak Leaves Bearers 1940 – 1945 Contemporary History in Color III Radusch – Zwernemann] (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- "Aces of the Luftwaffe". Johannes Wiese. Retrieved 7 May 2007.
Oberstleutnant Johannes Steinhoff
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 77 Herz As
December 1, 1944-December 25, 1944
Major Siegfried Freytag