Jing is a concept in Chinese philosophy which is typically translated as "reverence." It is often used by Confucius in the term gong jing, meaning "respectful reverence". The Confucian notion of respect has been likened to the later, western Kantian notion.[1] For Confucians, jing requires yi, or righteousness, and a proper observation of rituals (li). To have jing is vitally important in the maintenance of xiào, or filial piety.[2][3]


  1. ^ Dillon, Robin S., "Respect", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =
  2. ^ Richey, J. (2005). Confucius, in Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. URL =
  3. ^ Confucius. (1997). The Analects of Confucius. Chichung Huang, Trans. Oxford University Press: Oxford, p. 30-31