James Jackson (politician)

James Jackson (politician)

James Jackson
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
March 4, 1801 – March 19, 1806
Preceded by William Few
James Gunn
Succeeded by George Walton
John Milledge
23rd Governor of Georgia
In office
January 12, 1798 – March 3, 1801
Preceded by Jared Irwin
Succeeded by David Emanuel
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791
Preceded by district created
Succeeded by Anthony Wayne
Personal details
Born September 21, 1757
Devon, England
Died March 19, 1806(1806-03-19) (aged 48)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Anti-Administration
Military service
Service/branch Georgia Militia
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

James Jackson (

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
New seat
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Anthony Wayne
Succeeded by
United States Senate
Preceded by
William Few
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
Served alongside: James Gunn
Succeeded by
George Walton
Preceded by
James Gunn
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
Served alongside: Abraham Baldwin
Succeeded by
John Milledge
Political offices
Preceded by
Jared Irwin
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
David Emanuel

External links

  1. ^ "Georgia Governor James Jackson".  
  2. ^ "JACKSON, James, (1757 - 1806)".  
  3. ^ George R. Lamplugh (December 8, 2003). "James Jackson (1757-1806)".  
  4. ^ George R. Lamplugh (December 8, 2003). "James Jackson (1757-1806)".  
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167. 


[5] James Jackson is the namesake of

Jackson was the patriarch of a political dynasty in Georgia. His son, University of Georgia.


Jackson was re-elected to the Senate in 1801 and served until his death in 1806. He is buried in the Congressional Cemetery, a National Historic Landmark in Washington, DC.[4]

He won the election and began to lead a campaign to repeal the Yazoo land sale. In 1798, he won the election for governor of Georgia and proceeded to implement the legislation repealing the Yazoo land sale. Jackson placed blame for the Yazoo land fraud on his political enemies, the Federalists. He built the Georgia Democratic-Republican party and led it to statewide dominance.

Jackson was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1793. Meanwhile, the state of Georgia sold millions of acres of its western lands, called the Yazoo region, at extremely low prices to a group of investors. Jackson, believing that the sale was influenced by bribery of state legislatures, resigned his post in the Senate to run for a seat in the Georgia legislature in 1795.

Senator and Governor

In 1789, Jackson was elected to the First United States Congress. As a Jeffersonian Republican, he vigorously opposed Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton's financial plans for federal assumption of the states' debts from the Revolutionary War. He was also strongly opposed to efforts to curtail slavery. In the election of 1791, he was defeated for re-election to his seat by Anthony Wayne. Jackson was convinced that Wayne had not won his seat fairly, so he mounted a campaign against Wayne and his supporters, finally succeeding in removing Wayne from Congress.

After the war, he built up his law practice in Savannah. Jackson was elected to the first Georgia state legislature. In 1788, Jackson was elected governor of Georgia, but declined the position, citing his inexperience.


Jackson was born in Augusta and Savannah.[3] As a young man, Jackson became well known as a duelist with a fiery temper.

Early life


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Senator and Governor 3
  • Legacy 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6