Iron

Iron

" class="external text" rel="nofollow">10.1002/chin.200443242. 
  • ^ a b c Weeks 1968, p. 29.
  • ^ a b c Weeks 1968, p. 31.
  • ^ Bryce, Trevor (2007). Hittite Warrior. Osprey Publishing. pp. 22–23.  
  • ^ a b c d Weeks 1968, p. 32.
  • ^ Sawyer, Ralph D. and Mei-chün Sawyer. The Seven Military Classics of Ancient China. Boulder: Westview, (1993), p. 10.
  • ^ Pigott, Vincent C. (1999). p. 8.
  • ^ Peter J. Golas (25 February 1999). Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 13, Mining. Cambridge University Press. p. 152.  
  • ^ Pigott, Vincent C. (1999). The Archaeometallurgy of the Asian Old World. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. ISBN 0-924171-34-0, p. 191.
  • ^ The Coming of the Ages of Steel. Brill Archive. 1961. p. 54. GGKEY:DN6SZTCNQ3G. 
  • ^ Tewari, Rakesh. "The origins of Iron Working in India: New evidence from the Central Ganga plain and the Eastern Vindhyas". State Archaeological Department. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  • ^ Photos, E. (1989). "The Question of Meteoritic versus Smelted Nickel-Rich Iron: Archaeological Evidence and Experimental Results". World Archaeology (Taylor & Francis, Ltd.) 20 (3): 403–421.  
  • ^ Muhly, James D. (2003). "Metalworking/Mining in the Levant". In Lake, Richard Winona. Near Eastern Archaeology IN: Eisenbrauns 180. pp. 174–183. 
  • ^ Weeks 1968, pp. 29–30.
  • ^ Weeks 1968, p. 30.
  • ^ Riederer, Josef; Wartke, Ralf-B.: "Iron", Cancik, Hubert; Schneider, Helmuth (eds.): Brill's New Pauly, Brill 2009
  • ^ Craddock, Paul T. (2008): "Mining and Metallurgy", in: Oleson, John Peter (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-518731-1, p. 108
  • ^ Wagner, Donald B.: "The State and the Iron Industry in Han China", NIAS Publishing, Copenhagen 2001, ISBN 87-87062-77-1, p. 73
  • ^ Wagner, Donald B. (2003). "Chinese blast furnaces from the 10th to the 14th century". Historical Metallurgy 37 (1): 25–37.  originally published in Wagner, Donald B. (2001). "Chinese blast furnaces from the 10th to the 14th century". West Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine 18: 41–74. 
  • ^ Giannichedda, Enrico (2007): "Metal production in Late Antiquity", in Technology in Transition AD 300–650 Lavan, L.; Zanini, E. and Sarantis, A.(eds.), Brill, Leiden; ISBN 90-04-16549-5, p. 200.
  • ^ a b c d e Biddle, Verne; Parker, Gregory. Chemistry, Precision and Design. A Beka Book, Inc. 
  • ^ Donald B. Wagner (1993). Iron and Steel in Ancient China. BRILL. pp. 335–340.  
  • ^ Spoerl, Joseph S. A Brief History of Iron and Steel Production. Saint Anselm College
  • ^ Enghag, Per (8 January 2008). Encyclopedia of the Elements: Technical Data - History - Processing - Applications. pp. 190–191.  
  • ^ H. Lux "Metallic Iron" in in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 2. p. 1490-1..
  • ^ Steel Statistical Yearbook 2010. World Steel Association
  • ^ a b Camp, James McIntyre; Francis, Charles Blaine (1920). The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Steel Company. pp. 173–174.  
  • ^
  • ^ Kolasinski, Kurt W. (2002). "Where are Heterogenous Reactions Important". Surface science: foundations of catalysis and nanoscience. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 15–16.  
  • ^ McKetta, John J. (1989). "Nitrobenzene and Nitrotoluene". Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design: Volume 31 – Natural Gas Liquids and Natural Gasoline to Offshore Process Piping: High Performance Alloys. CRC Press. pp. 166–167.  
  • ^ Wildermuth, Egon; Stark, Hans; Friedrich, Gabriele; Ebenhöch, Franz Ludwig; Kühborth, Brigitte; Silver, Jack; Rituper, Rafael (2000). "Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry".  
  • ^ Dlouhy, Adrienne C.; Outten, Caryn E. (2013). "Chapter 8 The Iron Metallome in Eukaryotic Organisms". In Banci, Lucia (Ed.). Metallomics and the Cell. Metal Ions in Life Sciences 12. Springer.   electronic-book ISBN 978-94-007-5561-1 ISSN 1559-0836 electronic-ISSN 1868-0402
  • ^ Lippard, S. J.; Berg, J. M. (1994). Principles of Bioinorganic Chemistry. Mill Valley: University Science Books.  
  • ^ Food Standards Agency – Eat well, be well – Iron deficiency. Eatwell.gov.uk (5 March 2012). Retrieved on 27 June 2012.
  • ^ Sesink, Aloys L. A.; T; K; V (1999). "Red meat and colon cancer: the cytotoxic and hyperproliferative effects of dietary heme". Cancer Research 59 (22): 5704–9.  
  • ^ Glei, M.; Klenow, S.; Sauer, J.; Wegewitz, U.; Richter, K.; Pool-Zobel, B. L. (2006). "Hemoglobin and hemin induce DNA damage in human colon tumor cells HT29 clone 19A and in primary human colonocytes".  
  • ^ Sandhu, M. S.; White, I. R.; McPherson, K. (2001). "Systematic Review of the Prospective Cohort Studies on Meat Consumption and Colorectal Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analytical Approach". Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 10 (5): 439–46.  
  • ^ "Eating Red Meat Will Not Increase Colorectal Cancer Risk, Study Suggests". ScienceDaily. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  • ^ Hoppe, M.; Hulthén, L.; Hallberg, L. (2005). "The relative bioavailability in humans of elemental iron powders for use in food fortification". European Journal of Nutrition 45 (1): 37–44.  
  • ^ Pineda, O.; Ashmead, H. D. (2001). "Effectiveness of treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children with ferrous bis-glycinate chelate". Nutrition 17 (5): 381–4.  
  • ^ Ashmead, H. DeWayne (1989). Conversations on Chelation and Mineral Nutrition. Keats Publishing.  
  • ^ "Dietary Reference Intakes: Elements" (PDF). The National Academies. 2001. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  • ^ "Iron Deficiency Anemia". MediResource. Retrieved 17 December 2008. 
  • ^ Milman, N (1996). "Serum ferritin in Danes: studies of iron status from infancy to old age, during blood donation and pregnancy".  
  • ^ Neilands, JB (1995). "Siderophores: structure and function of microbial iron transport compounds". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 270 (45): 26723–6.  
  • ^ Neilands, J B (1981). "Microbial Iron Compounds". Annual Review of Biochemistry 50: 715–31.  
  • ^ Boukhalfa, Hakim; Crumbliss, Alvin L. (2002). "Chemical aspects of siderophore mediated iron transport". BioMetals 15 (4): 325–39.  
  • ^ Rouault, Tracey A. (2003). "How Mammals Acquire and Distribute Iron Needed for Oxygen-Based Metabolism". PLoS Biology 1 (1): e9.  
  • ^ Nanami, M.; Ookawara, T; Otaki, Y; Ito, K; Moriguchi, R; Miyagawa, K; Hasuike, Y; Izumi, M; Eguchi, H; Suzuki, K; Nakanishi, T (2005). "Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced iron sequestration and oxidative stress in human endothelial cells". Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 25 (12): 2495–2501.  
  • ^ Ramzi S. Cotran; Vinay Kumar; Tucker Collins; Stanley Leonard Robbins (1999). Robbins pathologic basis of disease. Saunders.  
  • ^ Durupt, S; Durieu, I; Nové-Josserand, R; Bencharif, L; Rousset, H; Vital Durand, D (2000). "Hereditary hemochromatosis". Rev Med Interne 21 (11): 961–71.  
  • ^ Brar, S; Henderson, D; Schenck, J; Zimmerman, EA (2009). "Iron accumulation in the substantia nigra of patients with Alzheimer disease and parkinsonism". Archives of neurology 66 (3): 371–4.  
  • ^ Ward, Greg (2012). The Rough Guide to the Titanic. London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 171.  
  • ^ Geoffrey Michael Gadd (March 2010). "Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation". Microbiology 156 (3): 609–643.  
  • ^ Harbhajan Singh. Mycoremediation: Fungal Bioremediation. p. 509. 
  • ^ Roehl, K.E.; Meggyes, T; Simon, F.G.; Stewart, D.I. (27 April 2005). Long-Term Performance of Permeable Reactive Barriers. p. 5.  
  • ^ a b Cheney, K.; Gumbiner, C.; Benson, B.; Tenenbein, M. (1995). "Survival after a severe iron poisoning treated with intermittent infusions of deferoxamine". J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 33 (1): 61–6.  
  • ^ a b "Toxicity, Iron". Medscape. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  • ^ Tenenbein, M (1996). "Benefits of parenteral deferoxamine for acute iron poisoning". J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 34 (5): 485–489.