International Standard Payload Rack
The International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) has been adopted by the International Space Station (ISS) program to support efficient integration and interchangeability of payload hardware – and to maximize joint research among investigators. The 37 ISPR slots for science payloads on ISS provide a common set of interfaces regardless of location. Nonstandard services are also provided at selected locations to support specific payload requirements.
- Capabilities 1
- Compatibility 2
- Other ISPR systems 3
- See also 4
- References 5
- External links 6
Each ISPR provides 1.571 m3 (55.5 ft3) of internal volume being about 2 m (79.3 in) high, 1.05 m (41.3 in) wide, and 85.9 cm (33.8 in) deep. The rack weighs 104 kg (230 lbm) and can accommodate an additional 700 kg (1540 lbm) of payload equipment. The rack has internal mounting provisions to allow attachment of secondary structure. The ISPRs will be outfitted with a thin center post to accommodate sub-rack-sized payloads, such as the 483 mm (19-inch rack) Spacelab Standard Interface Rack (SIR) Drawer or the Space Shuttle Middeck Locker. Utility pass-through ports are located on each side to allow cables to be run between Racks. Module attachment points are provided at the top of the rack and via pivot points at the bottom. The pivot points support installation and maintenance. Tracks on the exterior front posts allow mounting of payload equipment and laptop computers. Additional adapters on the ISPRs are provided for ground handling.
The International Standard Payload Rack is too big to fit through the Russian probe and drogue docking system, APAS, or NDS docking systems, and therefore cannot be transferred directly from a Progress, ATV, Space Shuttle, or Orion to the ISS. In the past ISPRs were delivered in Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules, which were carried in the Space Shuttle cargo bay and berthed to CBM ports. As of 2011 they can only be delivered using the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle.
Other ISPR systems
Japan has developed an ISPR with interfaces and capabilities nearly identical to NASA's.
- Columbus Science Laboratory
- Destiny Science Laboratory
- Japanese Experiment Module
- Unity Connecting Module
- Multi-Purpose Logistics Module
Harding, Pete (2010-10-20). "ISS Prepares for Busy Upcoming Year of Logistics Operations". Nasaspaceflight. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
Bay one can carry four International Standard Payloads Racks (ISPRs), than can be removed from the HTV and transferred to the ISS.