|City of Inglewood|
|Motto: "Harbor of the Air"|
Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||February 7, 1908|
|• Mayor||James T. Butts, Jr.|
|• Total||9.093 sq mi (23.549 km2)|
|• Land||9.068 sq mi (23.486 km2)|
|• Water||0.025 sq mi (0.064 km2) 0.27%|
|Elevation||131 ft (40 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||111,542|
12th in Los Angeles County
56th in California
|• Density||12,000/sq mi (4,700/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|Area codes||310/424, 323|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660799, 2410106|
Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, southwest of downtown Los Angeles. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 109,673. It was incorporated on February 14, 1908. The city is in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles Area.
- Pre-American era 1.1
American era 1.2
- Through the years 1.2.1
- Ku Klux Klan 1.2.2
- African-American influence 1.2.3
- Rise of Latino population 1.2.4
- Location and area 2.1
- Landmarks 2.2
- Climate 2.3
- Crenshaw-Imperial 3.1
- Morningside Park 3.2
- North Inglewood and Fairview Heights 3.3
- 2010 census 4.1
- 2006 survey 4.2
- Mapping L.A. 4.3
Government and politics 5
- Municipal government 5.1.1
- Federal representation 5.1.2
- State representation 5.1.3
- Los Angeles County 5.1.4
- Regional 5.1.5
- Politics 5.2
- Government 5.1
- Public libraries 6.1
- Public and private schools 7.1
- Schools history 7.2
- Religion 8
- Community resources 9
Cultural resources 10
- Symphony 10.1
- Open Studios 10.2
- Newspapers 11
- Sister cities 12
Notable people 13
- Born in Inglewood 13.1
- Other residents 13.2
- Filming locations 14
- See also 15
- Notes and references 16
- Further reading 17
- External links 18
The earliest residents of what is now Inglewood were Indians or Native Americans who used the natural springs in today's Edward Vincent Jr. Park (known for most of its history as Centinela Park). Local historian Gladys Waddingham wrote that these springs took the name Centinela from the hills that rose gradually around them and which allowed ranchers to watch over their herds "(thus the name centinelas or sentinels)".:unpaged [xiv]
Waddingham traced the written history of Inglewood back to the original settlers of Los Angeles in 1781, one of whom was the Spanish soldier Jose Manuel Orchado Machado, "a 23-year-old muleteer from Los Alamos in Sinaloa". These settlers, she wrote, were ordered by the officials of the San Gabriel Mission "to graze their animals on the ocean side of Los Angeles in order not to infringe on Mission lands." As a result, the settlers, or pobladores, drove some of their cattle to the "lush pasture lands near Centinela Springs," and the first construction there was done by one Ygnacio Avila, who received a permit in 1822 to build a "corral and hut for his herders.":unpaged [xiv]
Later Avila constructed a three-room adobe on a slight rise overlooking the creek that ran from Centinela Springs all the way to the ocean. According to the LAOkay web site, this adobe was built where the present baseball field is in the park. It no longer exists.
In 1834 Ygnacio Machado, one of the sons of Jose Machado, built the Centinela Adobe,:unpaged [xv] which sits on a rise above the present 405 San Diego Freeway and is used as the headquarters of the Centinela Valley Historical Society.  Two years later, Waddingham writes, Ygnacio was granted the 2,220-acre (9.0 km2) Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela even though this land had already been claimed by Avila.:unpaged [xv]
Through the years
- Official website
- "Welcome to Inglewood – Leave Your Aspirations Behind." Los Angeles Weekly. July 21, 2005.
- WikiMapia: Inglewood, California
- Online Archive of California.org: Images of Inglewood
- Constance Zillgitt Snowden, Men of Inglewood, 1924.
- Roy Rosenberg, The History of Inglewood, published by Arthur Cawston, 1938.
- Lloyd Hamilton, Inglewood Community Book, 1947.
- Harvey, Steve (May 19, 1995). "Only in L.A.". Los Angeles Times.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of
- City of Inglewood website
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California".
- "Inglewood (city) QuickFacts".
- "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup".
- "City History". City of Inglewood.
- Choose LA County
- Waddingham, Gladys (1994). The History of Inglewood. Inglewood: The Historical Society of Centinela Valley.
- "Things To Do in Los Angeles". LAOkay.com.
- Waddingham used the spelling Ignacio for both Avila and Machado.
- "Inglewood Park Cemetery: Living Heritage". Inglewood Park Cemetery.
- "Hollywood Park: About". Hollywood Park.
- Goodbye to the glory days of California horse racing – The Guardian, Daniel Ross, September 30, 2013
- "Fosters Freeze: Company History". Fosters Freeze.
- "Past Winners of the All-America City Award". National Civic League.
- May 21, 1949Los Angeles Times,"Ex-Klan Chief Dies After Traffic Row; Knife Fight With Truck Driver Following Collision Proves Fatal for Gus Price, 64."
- "Parents Lose Plea in Inglewood Suit," Los Angeles Times, September 2, 1970, page D-2
- "Inglewood Order," Los Angeles Times, July 26, 1970, page F-5
- April 7, 1971, page 18Los Angeles Times,"Negro Elected to Inglewood Public Office,"
- February 28, 1991, page 3Los Angeles Times,Janet-Rae Dupree, "Census Shows Influx of Asians on Peninsula,"
- U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder figures for 2000
- U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder estimates for 2007
- October 9, 2000, page 1Los Angeles Times,Hugo Martin, "Latino Revolution Leaves Some City Councils Untouched,"
- "The Forum." The Forum. The Madison Square Garden Company, n.d. Web. March 31, 2015.
- "Renovated Forum Arena Brings Class and Competition to L.A. Concert Scene." Speakeasy RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. March 29, 2015.
- Kudler, Adrian Glick. "Come Tour The Renovated And Revitalized Inglewood Forum." Curbed LA. N.p., January 15, 2014. Web. March 29, 2015.
- "The Forum." The Forum. The Madison Square Garden Company, n.d. Web. March 29, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Inglewood, California
- Anne Cheek La Rose (May 31, 2013). "What's in an Inglewood name?". The Morningside Park Chronicle. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "City of Inglewood: Departments – Library". City of Inglewood.
- "Crenshaw Imperial Shopping Center (includes a map)". LoopNet (LoopNet, Inc.).
- November 16, 2009Los Angeles Times,Alejandro Lazo, "Inglewood art studio tour a stroke of genius,"
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Inglewood city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Inglewood (city) QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau.
- U.S. Census BureauAmerican Fact Finder,"2006 American Community Survey,"
- "Mapping L.A." websiteLos Angeles Times"Inglewood" entry on the
- "Mapping L.A." websiteLos Angeles Times"Hyde Park" entry on the
- "Mapping L.A." websiteLos Angeles Times"Ladera Heights" entry on the
- "Mapping L.A." websiteLos Angeles Times"Westchester" entry on the
- "Mapping L.A." websiteLos Angeles Times"La Crescenta-Montrose" entry on the
- Definition of "diversity index" from Mapping L.A. The most diverse area is Mid-Wilshire, and the least diverse is East Los Angeles.
- "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- California Government Code § 23004
- August 16, 2005Govpro.com,"Study Ranks America's Most Liberal and Conservative Cities,"
- "Post Office Location – HILLCREST INGLEWOOD." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – MORNINGSIDE PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Dollar Tree – Brand New 10 Year Lease". LoopNet. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- "Curtis Tucker Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- City of Inglewood Public Library http://www.cityofinglewood.org/
- "Century Park EL." (Archive) Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on September 5, 2013.
- "Local District 8." (Archive) Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on September 5, 2013.
- "History and Profile" (Archive). Centinela Valley Union High School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
- "Home." Ànimo Inglewood Charter High School. Retrieved on February 20, 2011. "Copyright 2007 Animo Inglewood Charter High School – All Rights Reserved 3425 Manchester Blvd. Inglewood, CA 90305."
- "Contact Us." Ánimo Leadership Charter High School. Retrieved on February 20, 2011. "Animo Leadership Charter High School 1155 West Arbor Vitae St. Inglewood, CA 90301."
- "Inglewood Churches and Religion (Inglewood, CA)". areaConnect (MDNH, Inc.).
- "About D.A.R.E." Drug Abuse Resistance Education. Retrieved on July 24, 2010. "D.A.R.E. America 9800 La Cienega Blvd. Suite 401 Inglewood, CA 90301"
- Barbara Thornburg, "Open Studios Blossoms With Promise," Los Angeles Times, November 5, 2011, page E-2
- websiteInglewood News
- websiteInglewood News
- websiteInglewood Today
-  KCET article on Morningside Park Chronicle
-  LA Streetsblog article referencing the Morningside Park Chronicle breaking a Metro story
- June 2, 1994Los Angeles Times,Jon Garcia, "Officials Study Finances of Sister-City Panel,"
- September 24, 1989Los Angeles Times,Marc Lacey, "Inglewood, Jamaican City Plan to Become 'Sisters,'"
- June 15, 1990Los Angeles Times,"Inglewood Aids City in Jamaica,"
- March 21, 1991Los Angeles Times,"Tijuana Adopted as Sister City,"
- "Hassan Adams". Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Tyra Banks: Snapshot". People Magazine.
- Internet Movie Data Base
- "Dorothy Collins".
- "Todd Davis". nfl.com. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Baseball Almanac
- "Vicki Lawrence". Richard De La Font Agency, Inc.
- "Flo Hyman". Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2007. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009.
- "Mack 10". IMDb.
- "Interview with Bishop Lamont". Aftermath Music (MRF Entertainment). January 2006.
- Len Maxwell at the Internet Movie Database
-  "Tanjareen Martin," tv.com
- "Scott McGregor Baseball Stats". Baseball Almanac.
- "Lisa Moretti". IMDb.
- Gaines, Steven (1986). Heroes and Villains: the true story of the Beach Boys. New York:
- "Zoot Sims". All About Jazz.
- "Esther Williams". BrainyMedia.com.
- "Becky G dreams of being the next Jennifer Lopez".
- Kennedy, Gerrick. "'"Inglewood rapper Shawn Chrystopher not hung up on any label deal: 'I'm happy where I am. LA Times. Retrieved 2011-03-14.
- Yates, Nona (January 7, 1998). "Sonny Bono, a Chronology". Los Angeles Times.
- June 1, 2010The Boombox,Nadeska Alexis, "Cali Swag District Bring the Party Back to Inglewood,"
- February 19, 1990Sports Illustrated,Shelley Smith, "She Was Truckin',"
- "Don Megowan (1922–1981)".
- (1960, June 20). Los Angeles Times (1886–Current File), Page B1. Retrieved November 24, 2009, from ProQuest Historical Newspapers Los Angeles Times (1881–1986). (Document ID: 446603572).
- Kamenetzky, Brian (June 2, 2010). "Boston Celtics Paul Pierce talks about Los Angeles Lakers fans – ESPN Los Angeles".
- June 10, 2008New York Times,Billy Witz, "Pierce's Road From Inglewood Could Hit Its Summit Nearby,"
- Kathlyn Gay (December 31, 2011). American Dissidents: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Subversives, and Prisoners of Conscience: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Subversives, and Prisoners of Conscience. ABC-CLIO. p. 551.
- "The Wood". IMDb.
- "Plot summary for The Wood". IMDb.
- "TV Locations Inglewood City Hall". TVLocations.
- Blaustein, David (June 19, 2015). "Movie Review: 'Dope' Reveals Itself to be Part Spike Lee, Part John Hughes".
Notes and references
- Los Angeles Times suburban sections, for a time capsule placed in the Inglewood City Hall
- The city was a filming location for The Wood, a 1999 movie about three African-American men recalling their childhood in 1980s Inglewood.
- The City Hall (1 Manchester Boulevard): The outside of City Hall was the fictional IADC (Inter-Agency Defense Command) Headquarters for The New Adventures of Wonder Woman and also the coroner's office in Jack Klugman's 70s TV show Quincy, M.E..
- The 2015 film Dope is set in the Darby-Dixon neighborhood (nicknamed "The Bottoms") of Inglewood.
- Willam Belli, Drag Queen
- Salvatore (Sonny) Bono singer, actor, and congressman, attended Inglewood High School
- Jeanne Crain, actress
- Daniel Freeman, credited as the city founder
- Cali Swag District, hip hop group
- Lisa Leslie, basketball player
- Don Megowan, actor
- Taylour Paige, dancer/actress
- Frank D. Parent, municipal court judge
- Paul Pierce, basketball player
- Cindy Sheehan, antiwar activist
- Chastin West, football player
- Hassan Adams, basketball player
- Don August, baseball player
- Tyra Banks, fashion model, television personality, talk show host and actress
- Dottie Wiltse Collins, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League
- Todd Davis, NFL player
- Scott Eyre, baseball player
- Tanedra Howard, 2008 winner of Scream Queens (TV series) and Saw VI star
- Chris Strait, comedian
- Vicki Lawrence comedian
- Flo Hyman, American volleyball player, Morningside High School graduate
- Jim Lefebvre, major league baseball manager
- Mack 10, rapper
- Philip "Bishop Lamont" Martin, rapper
- Len Maxwell, voice actor and announcer
- Tanjareen Martin, actress
- Scott McGregor, baseball player
- Lisa Moretti, professional wrestler
- Marcel Reece, professional football player
- Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys
- Donald Sanford, American-Israeli Olympic sprinter
- Shade Sheist, recording artist, singer-songwriter, actor
- Zoot Sims jazz saxophonist
- Craig Smith, basketball player
- Esther Williams, swimmer and motion picture actress
- Becky G, singer
- Jamal Sampson, professional basketball player
- Shawn Chrystopher, recording artist, producer
Born in Inglewood
The Morningside Park Chronicle, Inglewood News and Inglewood Today circulate in the city.
Arts and Culture Programs Inglewood Cultural Arts, Inc., a nonprofit multidisciplinary arts organization was founded in 1999 by members of the City of Inglewood's Cultural Arts Task Force. The founding members implemented the Cultural Arts Master Plan by forming the independent entity which has provided visual music, dance and other performing arts since 1997.
The annual Open Studios event features "drawing, painting, photography and more," organized by a volunteer group of artists with support by the Inglewood Cultural Arts, Inc. (ICA) organization. The first year of the event saw six artists featured, but at the November 2011 event "more than 30" were expected, said Renee Fox, gallery director at the Beacon Arts Building on North La Brea Avenue. The structure has been turned into 14 artists' studios, with 16 more to be added by the end of 2011. A nearby former auto showroom has also been turned over to artists.
The Southeast Symphony Association is a non-profit, musical and cultural association located in Inglewood, California founded in 1948 whose goal continues to be to create an orchestra that welcomes African-American musicians.
D.A.R.E. America, an international education program that seeks to prevent use of controlled drugs, membership in gangs and violent behavior, has its headquarters in Inglewood.
By 1940, the Methodists had built a structure at Manchester and La Brea, but in that year they moved to a new building at Kelso and Spruce.:46 and 57
In 1923, St. John Chrysostom Catholic Church was founded. The current church at the intersection of Centinela and Florence was built in 1959 and is the tallest point in the city. It is the largest congregation in the city, consisting of almost 10,000 registered families. Next door is St. John Chrysostom School, educating children since 1927 from Pre-K through 8th grade.
In 1907, a group of Episcopalians began services in a private home, and a few years later the first Catholic services were held in Bank Hall. In 1910, the Presbyterians moved their two buildings, a sanctuary and a manse, to the corner of Grevillea and Nutwood "because the streetcars [on Market Street] were so noisy and threw so much dust and sand fleas in the windows.":14 and 17
The first church service was held on April 22, 1888, in the Inglewood House hotel on Commercial Street (today's La Brea Avenue), popularly called Mrs. Belden's Boarding House, when Inglewood had only 300 residents and 112 registered voters. Later services were in Bucephalus Hall, but eventually the congregation moved to Hyde Park, which left Inglewood with no church. On January 19, 1890, Inglewood's first permanent church – Presbyterian – was established on Market Street. A bit later the [United] Brethren constructed a building on South Market Street.:6, 10, and 17
In 2007, the area served by the Inglewood post office (including Lennox) had 98 churches, temples, mosques, chapels and other houses of worship, according to the AreaConnect.com website.
In 1952, another secondary school campus in Inglewood was opened in the east side neighborhood of Lockhaven as Morningside High School.:55 Center Park School of Los Angeles became part of the Inglewood School District in 1961 when its area (Crenshaw-Imperial) was annexed to the city.:59 In the 1970s, its name was changed to Worthington School to honor Frances and William Worthington.:74
The "startling news" of 1948 was the dismissal "of the entire administrative staff at Inglewood High School, beginning with Principal James R. Haines." He was replaced by Forrest Murdoch of Everett, Washington, as superintendent and Fred Heisner as principal.:49
The athletic field on the west side of the campus, later called Badenoch Field, was used for physical education and sporting events. In 1937, agricultural classes were ended at the Farm and Sentinel Field was dedicated there for sports activities.:30 By 1938 there were more than 3,000 students and 141 teachers at the high school.:43
In 1925 a new fine arts building for the high school was erected on the southwest corner of Grevillea and Manchester, replacing the Truax Candy Kitchen,:34 but it was severely damaged by the Long Beach earthquake of 1933. It was "later rebuilt with WPA help but lost its magnificent stairway and all its fireplaces." Temporary classrooms were built on Olive Street, "all too cold in winter and too hot most of the time.":41
In the mid-1920s, the high school district stretched all the way south to El Segundo, so two women teachers were asked to live in El Segundo and ride the school buses with the students every day to and from that city – for an extra dollar a day in pay. In 1923 girls adopted a school uniform, "a dark blue skirt with a white middy.":30
In 1914 voters approved bonds for high school improvement. Four more buildings and a power plant were erected, "joined by walks and arcades." The improvement included a "five-room model flat in the Home Economics Building." Nine acres of land were bought at Kelso Avenue and Damask (now Inglewood Avenue) for an experimental agricultural statement, thenceforth known as "The Farm." There were gardens, an orchard and an alfalfa field. In 1915 Inglewood High won a first-place Los Angeles County prize for its beautiful ivy-covered brick buildings.:24 These buildings were destroyed in 1953 to make room for new ones.:unpaged [58c]
Meanwhile, a permanent school building was erected on Grevillea Avenue a block to the south, between Regent and Queen. It remained Inglewood's only school until 1911. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1920.:6 and 26
In 1888, a school district was organized, trustees were elected and a building was chosen. The school opened on May 21 that year on the second floor of a livery stable on Grevillea Avenue between Regent Street and Orchard (today's Florence Avenue), with 17 boys and 16 girls. The first teacher was Minnie Walker, a graduate of Los Angeles State Normal School. The schoolroom, named Bucephalus Hall, after a horse belonging to town founder Daniel Freeman, was also used for community meetings.:6
- Good Shepherd Lutheran School, 1936–2003
- St John Chrysostom Elementary School is a private Catholic school.
- St. Mary's Academy, "In 1966 St. Mary's Academy left its home of many years on Slauson Avenue [at Crenshaw Boulevard] in Los Angeles for a new building on Grace Avenue across from [Daniel] Freeman Hospital".:62
Private schools include:
- Ánimo Inglewood Charter High School of Green Dot Public Schools
- Ánimo Leadership Charter High School of Green Dot
Public charter schools include:
When the Inglewood Union High School District, now known as the Centinela Valley Union High School District, opened in 1905, the Inglewood School District, then only operating primary schools, was within the high school district. The Centinela Valley district received its current name on November 1, 1944. On July 1, 1954, the Inglewood elementary school district withdrew from the Centinela Valley district, becoming a unified school district.
Some of it is in the Los Angeles Unified School District. LAUSD operates one school in the Inglewood city limits, Century Park Elementary.
Most of Inglewood is served by the Inglewood Unified School District. The district has two zoned high schools, Inglewood High School and Morningside High School, and an alternative high school, City Honors High School.
Public and private schools
The City of Inglewood operates a main library in the city Civic Center, in addition to a branch in the southeastern corner of the city, near the intersection of Crenshaw and Imperial and a branch in Morningside Park near the intersection of 85th Street and Crenshaw.
The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Curtis Tucker Health Center in Inglewood. The city was served by the Daniel Freeman Memorial Hospital for more than five decades, from 1954 until its closure in 2007.
The County government provides countywide services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services.
The United States Postal Service operates the Hillcrest Inglewood Post Office at 300 East Hillcrest Boulevard, and the Morningside Park Post Office at 3212 West 85th Street. The North Inglewood Post Office at 811 North La Brea Avenue, was converted to a Dollar Tree in 2013.
In 2005, the Berkeley, ranked Inglewood as the sixth-most-liberal city in the United States, after Oakland, California, and just ahead of Newark, New Jersey. Researchers examined voting patterns of 237 American cities with populations over 100,000 and ranked them on liberal and conservative scales.
Inglewood has the highest percentage of registered Democrats of any city in California, with 75.6 percent of its 48,615 voters registered in May 2009 as Democrats. Seven percent were registered as Republicans, and 14.1 percent declined to state a preference.
Inglewood is part of Los Angeles County, for which the Government of Los Angeles County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Los Angeles. The County government is primarily composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, and Assessor, and numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the chief executive officer.
Los Angeles County
In the United States House of Representatives, Inglewood is split between California's 37th congressional district, represented by Democrat Karen Bass, and California's 43rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Maxine Waters.
The Inglewood Police Department is the police department.
The Mayor of Inglewood is James T. Butts, Jr. who took office after unseating Daniel K. Tabor who completed the term of Roosevelt Dorn.
The City of Inglewood has a council-city manager type of government. The mayor is an elected office and is the chief executive officer, but in all other regards is an equal member of the city council.
Government and politics
(*) "The diversity index measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50."
|Ethnic diversity (*)||Moderate .571||Moderate .488||Moderate .446||High .660||High .676|
The population was 112,482, or 12,330 people per square mile, among the highest densities for the South Bay and among the highest densities for the county. The percentage of African Americans was high for the county, and the population was moderately diverse. Median household income was $46,574, low for both the South Bay and for the county. The median age was 29, young for the county; the percentage of residents aged 10 or under was among the county's highest. Three people, on the average, lived in each household – high for the South Bay but about average for the county. There was a higher percentage of families headed by single parents than elsewhere in the county. The percentage of veterans who served during 1975–89 and 1990–99 was among the county's highest.
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L.A." project supplied these neighborhood statistics based on the 2000 census.
Twenty-nine percent of the city's population were foreign-born, compared to 13 percent in the nation as a whole.
About 17 percent of Inglewood's residents had earned a bachelor's degree or higher (versus 27 percent across the country).
It was estimated that 18 percent of Inglewood families had incomes below the poverty level, about twice that of the country at large (9 percent).
It was a city of renters squeezing into a limited amount of space. Of Inglewood's 37,562 occupied housing units (houses and apartments), just 39 percent were owned by the people who lived in them (compared to 67 percent in the U.S. as whole). The other units were rented out. Only 5 percent of its housing units were vacant, much less than the 12 percent across the country. The number of people living in each unit was about 3.7 persons, versus 2.7 elsewhere. Family size was 3.9 people, compared to 3.2.
Inglewood's population of 129,900 in 2006 was relatively youthful, with a median age of 31, compared to 36 in the nation as a whole. Eleven percent of its residents were under 5 years of age, as against 7 percent in the rest of the country. Some 8 percent were 65 or older, versus 12 percent elsewhere.
Source for this section is the American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2006. Numbers may be rounded to the nearest whole figure.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Inglewood had a median household income of $43,394, with 22.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
There were 38,429 housing units at an average density of 4,226.5 per square mile (1,631.9/km²), of which 13,447 (37.0%) were owner-occupied, and 22,942 (63.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 43,040 people (39.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 65,131 people (59.4%) lived in rental housing units.
The population was spread out with 29,293 people (26.7%) under the age of 18, 11,853 people (10.8%) aged 18 to 24, 31,650 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 26,621 people (24.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,256 people (9.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.
There were 36,389 households, out of which 15,315 (42.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,095 (36.0%) were married couples living together, 8,987 (24.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,937 (8.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,318 (6.4%) unmarried partnerships, and 234 (0.6%) same-sex partnerships. 9,346 households (25.7%) were made up of individuals and 2,776 (7.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97. There were 25,019 families (68.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.59.
The Census reported that 108,171 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 987 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 515 (0.5%) were institutionalized.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Inglewood had a population of 109,673. The population density was 12,062.1 people per square mile (4,657.2/km²). The racial makeup of Inglewood was 48,165 (43.9%) African American, 25,563 (23.3%) White (2.9% Non-Hispanic White), 751 (0.7%) Native American, 1,484 (1.5%) Asian, 350 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 28,860 (26.3%) from other races, and 4,502 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos (of any race) made up 50.6% of the population.
North Inglewood is the area north of the Santa Fe railroad tracks. In 2009, it was reported to be the site of a "burgeoning arts scene" centered at East Hyde Park Boulevard and La Brea Avenue. Fairview Heights is a signed area north of Florence and east of La Brea.
North Inglewood and Fairview Heights
Morningside Park is a district in the eastern part of the city. Though the city of Inglewood does not define the district's boundaries, it may be delineated by Hyde Park on the north, Manchester Square on the east, Century Boulevard on the south and Prairie Avenue on the west. The major streets that run through the area are Manchester and Crenshaw boulevards. It is six miles (10 km) from Los Angeles International Airport and about two miles (3 km) from the former Hollywood Park Racetrack and The Forum where for 31 years the Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Kings played.
The Crenshaw-Imperial district was a later annexation to Inglewood. It has its own branch public library and an important shopping center for the area.
Inglewood consists of a number of neighborhoods which are indicated by a symbol on street signs. The neighborhoods are: Morningside Park, Downtown, Fairview Heights, Arbor Village, Centinela Heights, Sports Village, Century Heights, Inglewood Knolls, and Lockhaven.
The Forum was built in 1968 and designed by architect Charles Luckman, who also designed Madison Square Garden. The Forum was intended to evoke the Roman Forum. For decades the Forum was one of LA's biggest-deal concert venues; Elvis Presley, Led Zeppelin and the Jackson 5 were among the superstars to headline the arena. The Forum also achieved its greatest fame as the home of the NBA's Los Angeles Lakers and the NHL's Los Angeles Kings. In 2000, both teams moved to the Staples Center and the Forum was sold to the Faithful Central Bible Church, which used it for Sunday services and rented it out once in a while for concerts or sporting events. In 2012, the Forum was purchased by The Madison Square Garden Company, owners of New York's Madison Square Garden, for $23.5 million; MSG announced plans to spend $50 million to refurbish and renovate the arena for use as a "world-class" concert venue. The "Fabulous" Forum presented by Chase re-opened on January 15, 2014 with the first of six historic performances by the legendary Eagles. The reinvention of the Forum has created the largest indoor performance venue in the country designed with a focus on music and entertainment.
Location and area
But in that year, only one of the city's five City Council members was Latino, Jose Fernandez. There were no Latinos on the five-member Board of Education.
In the 2000 census, blacks made up 47 percent of the city's residents (53,060 people), and Hispanics made up 46 percent (51,829), but the Census Bureau estimated that in 2007 the percentage of blacks had declined to 41 percent (48,252) and that of Hispanics of any race were at 52.5 percent (61,847). The white population declined from 19 percent (21,505) to 17.7 percent (20,853).
The 1990 census showed that Hispanics in Inglewood had increased by 134 percent since 1980, the largest jump in the South Bay. Economic factors apparently played a role in where new arrivals settled, said David Heer, a USC professor of sociology and associate director of the university's Population Research Laboratory. "Housing is generally less expensive here than elsewhere . . . and I would say that they receive a warmer welcome here," said Norm Cravens, assistant city manager in Inglewood, where the Anglo population dropped from nearly 21 percent in 1980 to 8.5 percent in 1990.
Rise of Latino population
In 1972, Curtis Tucker Sr. was appointed as the first black City Council member.:69 That year composer LeRoy Hurte, an African-American, took the baton of the Inglewood Symphony Orchestra and continued to work with it for 20 years.:75 Edward Vincent became Inglewood's first black mayor in 1983. In that decade, whites left the city in increasing numbers, and Inglewood became the first city in California to declare the birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. as a holiday.:76
The first black principal among the 18 Inglewood schools was Peter Butler at La Tijera Elementary,:66 and in 1971, Waddingham wrote, "Stormy racial meetings in 1971" included a charge by "some real estate men in the overflowing Crozier Auditorium" that the Human Relations Commission was acting like "the Gestapo.":67 In that year, Loyd Sterling Webb, president of Inglewood Neighbors, became the first black officeholder when voters elected him to the school board.
On July 22, 1970, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Max F. Deutz ordered Inglewood schools to desegregate in response to a suit filed by 19 parents. At least since 1965, said Deutz, the Inglewood school board had been aware of a growing influx of black families into its eastern areas but had done nothing about the polarization of its pupils into an eastern black area and a western white one. On August 31, he rejected an appeal by four parents who said the school board was not responsible for the segregation but that the blacks "selected their places of residence by voluntary choice."
On February 3, 1969, Harold P. Moret became Inglewood's first black police officer(who is of Louisiana Creole Ancestry). A full year later Jimmy Lee Worsham became the second. He was followed by Barbara Harris, the first black female officer, then Otis Hendricks, Melvin Lovelace and Eugene Lindsey. The 7th black officer in the history of the City of Inglewood was James T. Butts, Jr. He became Inglewood's first black Motorcycle Traffic Enforcement Officer, 1st Black Lieutenant, Captain and only black Deputy Chief in the history of the Department. Butts left Inglewood in September 1991 at the age of 38 to become the first person of color to command the Santa Monica Police Department as Chief of Police, and the youngest ever to do so. Twenty years later, on February 1, 2011 Butts returned to Inglewood by being elected as its fourth black mayor.
"No blacks had ever lived in Inglewood," Gladys Waddingham wrote,:59 but by 1960, "they lived in great numbers along its eastern borders. This came to the great displeasure of the predominantly white residents already residing in Inglewood. In 1960, the census counted only 29 'Negroes' among Inglewood's 63,390 residents. Not a single black child attended the city's schools. Real estate agents refused to show homes to blacks. A rumored curfew kept blacks off the streets at night. Inglewood was a prime target because of its [previous] history of restrictions." "Fair housing and school busing were the main problems of 1964. The schools were not prepared to handle racial incidents, even though any that occurred were very minor. Adults held many heated community meetings, since the Blacks objected to busing as much as did the Whites.":61 In 1969, an organization called "Morningside Neighbors" changed its name to "Inglewood Neighbors" "in the hope of promoting more integration.":63
Ku Klux Klan activities in Inglewood during the 20th century were highlighted by the 1922 arrest and trial of 37 men, most of them masked, for a night-time raid on a suspected bootlegger and his family. The raid led to the shooting death of one of the culprits, an Inglewood police officer. A jury returned a "not guilty" verdict for all defendants who completed the trial. It was this scandal, according to the Los Angeles Times, that eventually led to the outlawing of the Klan in California. The Klan had a chapter in Inglewood as late as October 1931.