Horst Niemack (left) with Hasso von Manteuffel
10 March 1909|
Hannover, Province of Hanover, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
7 April 1992
Gross Hehlen, Celle, Lower Saxony, Germany
|Years of service||1927–45|
Horst Niemack (10 March 1909 – 7 April 1992) was a German general in the infantry, serving during World War II and in the Bundeswehr. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
- Military career 1
- Post-war years 2
- Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht 3.1
- Citations 4.1
- Bibliography 4.2
- External links 5
Horst Niemack joined the military service on Easter 1927 after he had graduated from the Realgymnasium (secondary school) in Hanover with his Abitur (diploma). He joined the 18th Rider-Regiment (Reiter-Regiment 18) of the Reichswehr in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt and was promoted to the rank of Leutnant in 1931.
Horst Niemack was severely wounded on 24 August 1944 when his leading Panzerspähwagen (Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle) was hit. He was rescued at the very last moment from the burning wreck and was immediately flown from the field hospital to Berlin. At the Charité Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruch managed to avoid amputation of his left arm.
Horst Niemack later took command of the Panzer Lehr Division on 10 January 1945, succeeding Generalleutnant Fritz Bayerlein. Until 30 April 1945, leading the division in its final battles. He is considered by some as a better division commander than his predecessor.
After the war, Horst Niemack devoted himself to his hobby, horseback riding and horse breeding. At the Olympic Games in 1956, 1960, 1964 and 1968, he accompanied the German dressage team as an authorized representative. From 1956 Niemack also served as chairman of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR).
- Infantry Assault Badge in Silver
- Wound Badge in Gold (7 April 1944)
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (17 May 1940)
- 1st Class (12 June 1940)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 6 July 1941
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (12 June 1969)
Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|Sunday, 6 July 1941||Rittmeister Niemack, Führer einer Aufklärungsabteilung, die Oberleutnante Freiherr Maercken und Buchterkirch in einem Panzerregiment, sowie Oberleutnant Ritz in einem Schützenregiment zeichneten sich durch vorbildliche Tapferkeit aus.||Rotamaster Niemack, leader of a reconnaissance unit, the first lieutenants Buchterkirch in a tank regiment, and Lieutenant Ritz in a rifle regiment distinguished themselves through exemplary bravery.|
- Thomas 1998, p. 120.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 569.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 324.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 55.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 43.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 608.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
Generalleutnant Fritz Bayerlein
Commander of Panzer-Lehr-Division
15 January 1945 – 3 April 1945
Oberst Paul Freiherr von Hauser