Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski

Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski

Hermann Leopold August von Oppeln-Bronikowski
Born (1899-01-02)2 January 1899
Died 19 September 1966(1966-09-19) (aged 67)
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1917–45
Rank Generalmajor
Unit 20th Panzer Division
  • World War I
  • World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Olympic medal record
Gold 1936 Berlin Dressage team

Hermann Leopold August von Oppeln-Bronikowski (2 January 1899 – 19 September 1966) was a German Army officer and panzer ace. Oppeln-Bronikowski fought during World War I and World War II. At the 1936 Summer Olympics he won the Gold Medal in the team Dressage. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.


Oppeln-Bronikowski was born in Berlin. On 1 April 1912 he entered the Bensberg Cadet School near Cologne. Two years later he was transferred to the cadet institute at Groß-Lichterfelde near Berlin. On 23 March 1917 the cadet reported to the Ulan Regiment "Prinz August von Württemberg" No. 10 at Züllichau in East Brandenburg. A few weeks later he was transferred from the reserve troop to the active regiment, which was stationed in Poland as part of the occupying force.

Oppeln-Bronikowski volunteered for front-line service in the infantry and was transferred to the Western Front to the Infanterie-Regiment "Prinz Carl" Nr. 118.[1] He received the Iron Cross, Second Class and three months later became one of the youngest Leutnants ever to receive the Iron Cross, First Class. On 14 October 1918 he also received the Hessian Medal of Bravery.

After World War II he worked as a civilian advisor and helped setting up of the German Bundeswehr. He also worked for the Canadians as a riding instructor at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. He died in Gaißach, in the district of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Bavaria.

On 17 June 1931 Oppeln-Bronikowski married Edelgard von Kleist, the daughter of Lieutenant-General Adolf von Kleist and Gertrud von Sydow.



  1. ^ see also 56th Infantry Division
  2. ^ a b c d Thomas 1998, p. 132.
  3. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 338.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 330.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 86.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 48.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ waffenHQ.de
  • von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ Die Ritterkreuzträger
  • von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ Lexikon der Wehrmacht
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppen Mortimer von Kessel
Commander of 20th Panzer Division
November 6, 1944-May 8, 1945
Succeeded by