Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski
|Hermann Leopold August von Oppeln-Bronikowski|
2 January 1899|
19 September 1966
|Years of service||1917–45|
|Unit||20th Panzer Division|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
|Olympic medal record|
|Gold||1936 Berlin||Dressage team|
Hermann Leopold August von Oppeln-Bronikowski (2 January 1899 – 19 September 1966) was a German Army officer and panzer ace. Oppeln-Bronikowski fought during World War I and World War II. At the 1936 Summer Olympics he won the Gold Medal in the team Dressage. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Oppeln-Bronikowski was born in Berlin. On 1 April 1912 he entered the Bensberg Cadet School near Cologne. Two years later he was transferred to the cadet institute at Groß-Lichterfelde near Berlin. On 23 March 1917 the cadet reported to the Ulan Regiment "Prinz August von Württemberg" No. 10 at Züllichau in East Brandenburg. A few weeks later he was transferred from the reserve troop to the active regiment, which was stationed in Poland as part of the occupying force.
Oppeln-Bronikowski volunteered for front-line service in the infantry and was transferred to the Western Front to the Infanterie-Regiment "Prinz Carl" Nr. 118. He received the Iron Cross, Second Class and three months later became one of the youngest Leutnants ever to receive the Iron Cross, First Class. On 14 October 1918 he also received the Hessian Medal of Bravery.
After World War II he worked as a civilian advisor and helped setting up of the German Bundeswehr. He also worked for the Canadians as a riding instructor at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. He died in Gaißach, in the district of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Bavaria.
On 17 June 1931 Oppeln-Bronikowski married Edelgard von Kleist, the daughter of Lieutenant-General Adolf von Kleist and Gertrud von Sydow.
- Iron Cross (1914)
- Hessische Tapferkeitsmedaille (14 October 1918)
- Panzer Badge in Silver (2. Class)
- Wound Badge in Black
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
- German Cross in Gold on 7 August 1943 as Oberst in Panzer-Regiment 11
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- see also 56th Infantry Division
- Thomas 1998, p. 132.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 338.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 330.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 86.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 48.
- Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- Frey, Gerhard; Herrmann, Hajo: Helden der Wehrmacht - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2004. ISBN 3-924309-53-1.
- Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
- von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ waffenHQ.de
- von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ Die Ritterkreuzträger
- von Oppeln-Bronikowski @ Lexikon der Wehrmacht
General der Panzertruppen Mortimer von Kessel
Commander of 20th Panzer Division
November 6, 1944-May 8, 1945