January 2, 1920|
September 26, 2014
Wangen im Allgäu, Germany
Nazi Germany (1938 to 1945)
West Germany (1957 to 1972)
|Years of service||1938–45, 1957–72|
|Commands held||IV./NJG 1|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Georg-Hermann Greiner (2 January 1920 – 26 September 2014) was a German former Luftwaffe night fighter ace, recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and a squadron commander in the prestigious Nachtjagdgeschwader 1, translated in English as the "1st Night Fighter Wing", the most successful Night Air Superiority unit of any nation during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was the fourth grade of Nazi Germany's highest award for military galantry and was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery and successful military leadership. Greiner primarily engaged British RAF crews in their bombing campaigns over greater Germany and was credited with 51 aerial victories over allied aircraft, having destroyed four American bombers during daylight hours and 47 British bombers at night.
Following the conclusion of the War, Greiner and close friend Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer were arrested illegally crossing the German-Swiss border attempting an escape to Argentina. Both Greiner and Schnaufer were detained in an Allied prisoner of war camp and released in 1947. Greiner went on to study law and returned to service in the West German Luftwaffe in 1957, retiring with the rank of Oberstleutnant in 1972. [Notes 1]
- Awards 1
- Notes 2
- See also 3
- References 4
- External links 5
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (26 December 1943)
- Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with 200 numeral
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (26 June 1942)
- 1st Class (1 June 1943)
- German Cross in Gold on 29 March 1944 as Oberleutnant in the 10./NJG 1
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces.
- List of living Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients
- List of German World War II night fighter aces
- Hermann Greiner's obituary (Portuguese)
- Obermaier 1989, p. 77.
- Thomas 1997, p. 221.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 147.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 168.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 84.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- World War 2 Awards.com
- Aces of the Luftwaffe
Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer
Commander of IV. Nachtjagdgeschwader 1
1 November 1944 – 8 May 1945