25 August 1898|
19 June 1987
German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Imperial German Army
|Years of service||
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Hermann-Heinrich Behrend (25 August 1898 – 19 June 1987) was a German Generalmajor, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Behrend was born on 25 August 1898 in Perleberg in the Province of Brandenburg, a province of the Kingdom of Prussia. Aged seventeen, he joined the German Army on 1 June 1915 with the Großherzoglich Mecklenburgisches Füsilier-Regiment Nr. 90 Kaiser Wilhelm (Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Fusilier Regiment Nr. 90 Emperor Wilhlem). Where he was assigned to the 4th Company on 15 June 1915 then transferred to the 3rd Company on 20 July 1915 and again moved on 8 August 1915, this time to the 7th Company. With this unit he was sent to the Eastern Front of World War I where he arrived on 9 August 1915. Behrend fell ill and from 1 October 1915 to 6 October 1915 was sent to the Vereinslazarett II (2nd hospital) of the Red Cross in Landsberg an der Warthe, present-day Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland. Following his sick leave, Behrend was transferred to the 5th Company of the Reserve Infantry Regiment 90 on 7 October 1915, and from 13 October to 4 November 1915 to the 3rd Company of the same regiment.
He was transferred to the 1st Infantry Division on 5 November 1915. Here he was posted to 11th Company of Infantry Regiment 43 on 14 November 1915. While serving with this unit he was promoted to Gefreiter (enlisted soldier) on 4 January 1916, to Fahnenjunker (cadet) on 29 February 1916 and to Unteroffizier (corporal) on 29 March 1916. He was promoted to Fähnrich (ensign) in 1917 for his bravery before the enemy and to Leutnant (second lieutenant) the same year.
- Iron Cross (1914)
Wound Badge (1914)
- in Black
- Military Merit Cross, 2nd Class (Mecklenburgisch-Schwerinsches-Verdienstkreuz) (2 January 1918)
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 (21 January 1935)
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
- Eastern Front Medal (29 July 1942)
- Infantry Assault Badge in Silver (20 April 1943)
- Wound Badge (1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 18 April 1945
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|18 April 1945 (addendum)||Bei den schweren Kämpfen in Nordwestdeutschland hat sich die 490. Infanterie-Division unter Führung von Oberst Behrend, ausgezeichnet mit dem Eichenlaub zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, durch vorbildliche Standhaftigkeit hervorragend bewährt. Der mit dem Ritterkreuz zum Eisernen Kreuz ausgezeichnete Oberstleutnant Knaust, Regimentskommandeur dieser Division, hat sich bei diesem Kämpfen durch persönlichen Einsatz ganz besonders hervorgetan.||The 490th Infantry Division under the command of Colonel Behrend, awarded with the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, has excelled by showing exemplary steadfastness in the heavy fighting in north-western Germany. The winner of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross Lieutenant Colonel Knaust, regimental commander in this division, has personally particularly distinguished himself in these battles.|
- Thomas & Wegmann 1987, p. 366.
- Thomas 1997, p. 38.
- Thomas & Wegmann 1987, p. 368.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 212.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 127.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 48.
- Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 49–51.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 544.
Generalmajor Ernst Wißelinck
Commander of Division Nr. 490/490. Infantrie-Division
1 April 1945 – 8 May 1945