22 December 1912|
22 September 1944
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1930–44|
|Commands held||Grenadier-Regiment 45|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Herbert Schwender (22 December 1912 – 22 September 1944) was a highly decorated oberst in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Herbert Schwender was killed on 22 September 1944 in Valga, Estonia.
Awards and decorations
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class
- 1st Class
- Eastern Front Medal
- Infantry Assault Badge
Close Combat Clasp
- in bronze
- in silver
- German Cross in gold (27 November 1941)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Gerhard von Seemen, author and researcher of the 1955 published book Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945—The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945, had listed Herbert Schwender as a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. A nomination by the troop was never received by the Oberkommando des Heeres or had been denied during the approval process.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 321.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 69.
- Berger 1999, p. 395.
- Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger.
- Schaulen, Fritjof (2005). Eichenlaubträger 1940 – 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe III Radusch – Zwernemann [Oak Leaves Bearers 1940 – 1945 Contemporary History in Color III Radusch – Zwernemann] (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- World War 2 Awards.com
- Lexikon der Wehrmacht