Henri B. Kagan

Henri B. Kagan

Henri B. Kagan
Born (1930-12-15) 15 December 1930
Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine
Fields asymmetric catalysis
Institutions Université Paris-Sud
Alma mater Sorbonne, École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris, Collège de France
Notable awards Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2001)

Henri Boris Kagan (born 15 December 1930) is currently an Emeritus Professor at the Université Paris-Sud in France. He is widely recognized as a pioneer in the field of asymmetric catalysis. His discoveries have had far-reaching impacts on the pharmaceutical industry.[1]

He graduated from the Sorbonne and École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris and carried out his PhD under J. Jacques at the Collège de France. Subsequently he was a research associate with A. Horeau. He then moved to Université Paris-Sud, Orsay where he is emeritus Professor. A landmark in his research was the development of C2-symmetric ligands, e.g., DIOP for asymmetric catalysis.[2] This discovery led to the discovery of many related ligands that support catalysts used in a variety of practical applications.

Honors

Dr Kagan is a member of the Wolf Prize in Chemistry, Grand Prix de la Fondation de la Maison de la Chimie, Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, JSPS Award for Eminent Scientists, Ryoji Noyori Prize, and the 2005 Benjamin Franklin Medal.

In 2001 controversy was caused when Kagan was not given the Nobel prize which had been shared by K. Barry Sharpless of the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, Ryōji Noyori of Nagoya University, Japan, and William Knowles, formerly of Monsanto Company in St Louis, Missouri, for work on catalytic asymmetric synthesis. It was thought that as Kagan was one of the pioneers of the field he too should have been honoured. However, as the prize can be given to a maximum of three people he was left off.[4]

References

  1. ^ Who's who in Western Europe - Google Books. Books.google.ca (2007-01-19). Retrieved on 2014-06-16.
  2. ^ Henri B. Kagan, Dang-Tuan-Phat (1972). "Asymmetric catalytic reduction with transition metal complexes. I. Catalytic system of rhodium(I) with (-)-2,3-0-isopropylidene-2,3-dihydroxy-1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane, a new chiral diphosphine". Journal of the American Chemical Society 94 (18): 6429–6433.  
  3. ^ Frankin Laureate Citation
  4. ^ Nature article on Nobel controversy
  • Short biography of Kagan