Heinrich Schmelzer

Heinrich Schmelzer

Heinrich Schmelzer
Born 14 March 1914
Nesselröden, Germany
Died 4 April 1985(1985-04-04) (aged 71)
Nesselröden, Germany
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen SS
Years of service 1936–45
Rank Hauptsturmführer
Unit 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Heinrich Schmelzer (14 March 1914 – 4 April 1985) was a Hauptsturmführer (Captain) in the Waffen SS who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II.[1] He joined the SS-Pioniersturmbann in June, 1935 and in September 1939 was a section commander in the 3rd Company. Later as an SS-Oberscharführer (Technical Sergeant) he was the half platoon leader in the same 3rd Company, during April 1941. He moved to the Motorcycle Battalion as engineer reconnaissance platoon leader between May and August 1941. In December 1943 he was given command of the mixed Pionier Company of the Kampfgruppe Das Reich which he led until the forming of the 4th Heavy Company which he commanded until it was dissolved in August 1944.[1] At that time he became the 2nd Company Commander until Christmas 1944, then moved to the 3rd Company which he commanded until the end of the war.[1] Schmelzer won the Oakleaves for his actions as sector commander of the Das Reich battlegroup near Cielle and Laroche, France on 7 January.[1][2][3]

Awards and decorations


  1. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 2./SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 2.[6]
  2. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the 1./SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 2.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d "dasreich". 
  2. ^ "hauptsturmfhrer". 
  3. ^ "frontkjemper". 
  4. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 263.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 380, 503.
  6. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 667.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 98.