Heinrich Hoffmann (naval officer)

Heinrich Hoffmann (naval officer)

Heinrich Hoffmann
Born (1910-08-17)17 August 1910
Bottrop
Died 29 January 1998(1998-01-29) (aged 87)
Schiffdorf
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
 German Navy
Years of service 1930–1945, 1956–1968
Rank Korvettenkapitän (Wehrmacht)
Kapitän zur See (Bundeswehr)
Unit SSS Niobe
cruiser Lepzig
cruiser Admiral Graf Spee
Commands held 5. Torpedobootflottille
1. Zerstörergeschwader
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Cross of Merit 1st Class

Heinrich Hoffmann (17 August 1910 – 29 January 1998) was a Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

With only three serviceable torpedo boats, T-28, Jaguar and Möwe, at his disposal, Hoffmann attacked the Allied Invasion fleet, including the HMS Warspite and HMS Ramillies, near the Bay of the Seine on the morning of D-Day on 6 June 1944. During the attack, 18 torpedoes were launched, resulting in the sinking of the Norwegian destroyer HNoMS Svenner.

After World War II he rejoined the military of the Bundeswehr. In 1961 he became commander of the 1. Zerstörergeschwader (1st Destroyer Squadron), which included three former U.S. destroyers of the Fletcher-class, Z-1, Z-2 and Z-3.

Awards

References

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Dörr 1995, p. 259.
  2. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 191.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 231.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 85.
Bibliography

External links

  • Heinrich Hoffmann and the Marine-Ortungsschule Bremerhaven