Heathcote National Park

Heathcote National Park

Heathcote National Park
New South Wales
IUCN category II (national park)
Heathcote National Park
Heathcote National Park is located in New South Wales
Heathcote National Park
Nearest town or city Sydney
Coordinates
Established January 1943 (1943-01)[1]
Area 26.79 km2 (10.3 sq mi)[1]
Managing authorities NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service
Website Heathcote National Park
See also Protected areas of
New South Wales

The Heathcote National Park is a protected national park that is located in the southern region of Sydney, New South Wales in eastern Australia. The 2,679-hectare (6,620-acre) national park is situated approximately 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of the Sydney central business district, west of the South Coast railway line, the Princes Highway and Motorway, and the suburbs of Heathcote and Waterfall.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • History 2
  • Features 3
    • Landscape 3.1
    • Flora 3.2
    • Fauna 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Description

The park consists of eucalyptus forest and has no private vehicular access. Access to the park can be gained from Freeman Road, Heathcote.[2] A walking track is located at the rear of the Scout Hall in Freeman Road. Heading south along the track will take you past various watering holes and small waterfalls that can be found all the way along. Following this road all the way to end will eventually lead you to Woronora Dam. Access to the park can be found at several other points around Heathcote and Waterfall.

The main walking track is the Bullawarring Track, which provides a walk from Waterfall to Heathcote.

History

Aboriginal charcoal drawing along Myuna Creek
A small stream in the park

Aboriginal people are known to have lived in the area and have left their mark at a number of known sites.[3] In addition, a number of Europeans lived in rough huts in the park during the Great Depression, leaving behind meager ruins at places like Myuna Creek.[3]

Before this bush area became a park of any kind, a bushwalking group had a lease on much of the land in the area. They may have been responsible for the creation of some of the early tracks and camp sites. Later, the area became a state park and, later still, a national park.

Features

Landscape

The park consists of a deeply dissected Hawkesbury sandstone plateau, part of the Georges River. The sandstone was formed 200 million years ago, and periods of uplift began about 94 million years ago. Each period of uplift caused stream erosion, which cut more deeply into the plateau surface. Heathcote Creek cascades down a number of rock pools and small waterfalls to the Woronora River at the northern end of the park.

Flora

Gymea lilies

The ridges and drier slopes are covered in forest dominated by angophoras and eucalypts such as bloodwood, greygum, Sydney peppermint, and scribbly gum. Grass-trees are common. Low heath growth consists of shrubs, including ti trees, banksias, hakeas, and waxflowers. Gymea lilies and forest oaks grow on the moister slopes. Blackbutts and grevilleas grow in the Heathcote Creek Valley.[4]

Fauna

Sugar gliders, ring tail possums, and possibly eastern pygmy possums inhabit both Mirang Creek and Minda Gully. Swamp wallabies are also present. Honeyeaters are often seen, as well as superb lyrebirds.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Heathcote National Park: Park management". Office of Environment & Heritage.  
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Paton, Neil (2004). Sydney and Blue Mountains Bushwalks. Kangaroo Press. pp. 132, 137–139. 
  4. ^ a b "Heathcote National Park - Natural environment". 

External links

  • "Heathcote National Park".  
  • Heathcote National Park (PDF Map).  
  • "Royal National Park, Heathcote National Park and Garawarra State Recreation Area: Plan of management" (PDF).  
  • "Amendments to the Royal National Park, Heathcote National Park and Garawarra State Recreation Area: Plan of management 2000" (PDF).  
  • "Heathcote National Park". Office of Environment & Heritage.  
  • "List of fauna". Wildlife Atlas. 
  • List of animals recorded in the park