Hase-dera (Kamakura)

Hase-dera (Kamakura)

Kannon-dō (Main hall)
Mountain name Kaikō-zan
Denomination Jōdo shū
Venerated Jūichimen Kannon
(Eleven-Headed Kannon)
Founded 736
Founder(s) Tokudō Shōnin
Address 3-11-2 Hase, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Website http://www.hasedera.jp

Hase-dera (海光山慈照院長谷寺 Kaikō-zan Jishō-in Hase-dera), commonly called the Hase-kannon (長谷観音) is one of the Buddhist temples in the city of Kamakura in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, famous for housing a massive wooden statue of Kannon.

The temple originally belonged to the Tendai sect of Buddhism, but eventually became an independent temple of the Jōdo shū sect.[1]


  • History 1
  • Statue 2
  • Temple buildings 3
  • Temple grounds 4
  • Pilgrimage routes 5
  • Gallery 6
  • Benten-Kutsu Cave 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Legend has it that the temple was established in the Tenpyō era (729-749 C.E.). However, documents at the temple suggest that the temple really came into its own during the Kamakura period (1192-1333).


The statue is one of the largest wooden statues in Japan, with a height of 9.18 metres (30.1 ft), and is made from camphor wood and gilded in gold. It has 11 heads, each of which represents a different phase in the search for enlightenment.

According to legend, the statue is one of two images of Kannon carved by a monk named Tokudō in 721.[1] The camphor tree was so large, according to legend, that he decided that he could carve two statues with it. One was enshrined in Hase-dera in the city of Nara, Yamato Province, while the other was set adrift in the sea to find the place with which it had a karmic connection. The statue washed ashore on Nagai Beach on the Miura Peninsula near Kamakura in the year 736. The statue was immediately brought to Kamakura where a temple was built to honor it.

Temple buildings

The temple sits about half-way up Mount Kamakura, southwest of the city of Kamakura. The temple commands an impressive view over Yuigahama.

Seven buildings make up the temple complex.

Temple grounds

The temple is built on two levels and also includes an underground cave. The cave, called benten kutsu (Benzaiten Grotto), contains a long winding tunnel with a low ceiling and various statues and devotionals to Benzaiten, the sea goddess and the only female of the Seven Lucky Gods in Japanese mythology.

The temple is famous for its hydrangeas, which bloom along the Hydrangea Path in June and July.

Jizō statues at Jizō-Do Hall

The grounds of the temple are home to hundreds of small Jizō statues, placed by parents mourning offspring lost to miscarriage, stillbirth, or abortion. These statues remain in place for about a year, before being removed to make way for more statues; it is estimated that some 50,000 Jizō statues have been placed at Hase-dera since WWII.[2]

Pilgrimage routes

The temple is the fourth of the 33 stations of two different pilgrimage routes:

1) Bandō Sanjūsankasho pilgrimage circuit dedicated to the goddess Benzaiten.

2) Kantō Pilgrimage.[3]


Benten-Kutsu Cave

See also

  • For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.


  1. ^ a b English language pamphlet from Kaikozan Hasedera
  2. ^ http://www.sacred-destinations.com/japan/kamakura-hasedera
  3. ^ Kannon - Goddess of Mercy--Pilgrimage in Japan

External links

  • Hasedera