Harald von Hirschfeld
|Harald von Hirschfeld|
Von Hirschfeld as a Captain
11 July 1912
18 January 1945
|Years of service||1935–45|
|Commands held||78. Volksgrenadier-Division|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Harald Siegwart Hans Lutze von Hirschfeld (10 July 1912 – 18 January 1945) was a German Generalleutnant who commanded the 78.Volksgrenadier-Division during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Von Hirschfeld, the son of a Mecklenburg merchant, was largely educated and trained abroad, in South America, Spain, London, and Paris. On 23 October 1935, he voluntarily joined the mountain infantry regiment 98 in Kempten. In September 1943, as a Colonel in the 1st Mountain Division, he played a major role in the defeat and subsequent massacre of the Italian Acqui Division in Cephallonia.
On 1 December 1944, he was appointed Major General and led the now renamed the 78th Division assault unit. He was the Wehrmacht's youngest general officer. He dealt intensively with the training and guidance of his men and was often found in the front positions. He was severely injured in an aerial attack at the Dukla Pass and died en route to the field hospital on 18 January 1945 from shrapnel injuries. He was posthumously promoted to Lieutenant General on 10 February 1945.
- Family 1
- Awards and decorations 2
- References 3
- External links 4
Von Hirschfeld was married to Sylvinia von Dönhoff, who later married the former fighter pilot Adolf Galland.
Awards and decorations
- Anschluss Medal (8 November 1938)
- Sudetenland Medal
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (1 November 1939)
- 1st Class (28 June 1941)
Wound Badge (1939)
- Black (23 July 1941)
- Silver (23 September 1941)
- Gold (2 October 1941)
- Infantry Assault Badge in Silver (25 July 1941)
- Order of the Crown (Romania) (1 November 1941)
- Eastern Front Medal (1 August 1942)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- "Härter als üblich". Der Spiegel (in German) 50. 1969. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- "Adolf Galland". Der Spiegel (in German) 18. 1954. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Thomas 1997, p. 283.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 228.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 64.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Lexikon der Wehrmacht, lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de; accessed 6 December 2014.
- Profile, web.archive.org; accessed 8 December 2014.(German)
Generalmajor Alois Weber
Commander of 78. Volksgrenadier-Division
1 December 1944 – 18 January 1945
Generalmajor Wilhelm Nagel