Golden Delicious

Golden Delicious

Golden Delicious
Hybrid parentage
Parents unknown, theorized to be
'Golden Reinette' × 'Grimes Golden'
Cultivar 'Golden Delicious'
Origin Clay County, West Virginia, United States, 1905

The Golden Delicious is a cultivar of apple with a yellow color, not closely related to the Red Delicious apple.[1] According to the US Apple Association website it is one of the 15 most popular apple cultivars in the United States.[2]

apples golden delicious

Contents

  • Appearance and flavor 1
  • History 2
  • Official status 3
  • Season 4
  • Other West Virginia apples 5
  • Descendent cultivars 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Appearance and flavor

Golden Delicious is a large, yellowish-green skinned cultivar and very sweet to the taste. It is prone to bruising and shriveling, so it needs careful handling and storage. It is a favorite for salads, apple sauce, and apple butter.

History

Golden Delicious apples.

This cultivar is a chance seedling possibly a hybrid of Grimes Golden[3][4] and Golden Reinette.[5] The original tree was found on the Mullins' family farm in Clay County, West Virginia, United States and was locally known as Mullin's Yellow Seedling and Annit apple. Anderson Mullins sold the tree and propagation rights to Stark Brothers Nurseries, which first marketed it as a companion of their Red Delicious in 1914.[6]

In 2010, an Italian-led consortium announced they had decoded the complete genome of the Golden delicious apple.[7] It had the highest number of genes (57,000) of any plant genome studied to date.

Official status

The Golden Delicious was designated the official state fruit of West Virginia by a Senate resolution on February 20, 1995.[8] Clay County has hosted an annual Golden Delicious Festival since 1972.

Season

Golden Delicious
Golden Delicious Apple Seed

Harvested from autumn through winter.

Other West Virginia apples

West Virginia is the originator of many vegetable and fruit crops, including the apples Grimes Golden, and the Guyandotte, which is believed extinct.

Descendent cultivars

  • Akita Gold (Golden Delicious × Fuji)[9]
  • Arlet (Golden Delicious × Idared)
  • Bohemia (Lord Lambourne × Golden Delicious)
  • Candel (Joathan × Golden Delicious)
  • Cameo (Golden Delicious × Red Delicious)
  • Caudle (Golden Delicious × Red Delicious)
  • Champion (Golden Delicious × Cox Orange)
  • Chantecler (Golden Delicious × Reinette Clochard)
  • Cripps Pink (Golden Delicious × Lady Williams),
  • Delbarestivale (Golden Delicious × Stark Jonagrimes)
  • Elstar (Ingrid Marie × Golden Delicious)
  • Firm Gold (Starkspur Golden Delicious, U.S. PP 2024 × Starkrimson Red Delicious, U.S. PP 1565) [10]
  • Gala (Kidds Orange × Golden Delicious)
  • Goldspur a Golden Delicious-like cultivar from Holland which is spur bearing
  • Iduna (Golden Delicious × Glockenapfel)
  • Jonagold (Golden Delicious × Jonathan)
  • Lucky Rose Golden A patented Golden Delicious mutant [11]
  • Pink Lady (Golden Delicious × Lady Williams),[12]
  • Pinova (Clivia × Golden Delicious)
  • Maigold (Fraurotacher × Golden Delicious)
  • Mutsu (apple) (Indo apple × Golden Delicious)
  • Opal (apple) (Topaz × Golden Delicious)
  • Rubinette (Golden Delicious × Cox Orange)
  • Sekai Ichi (Golden Delicious × Red Delicious)
  • Spigold (Northern Spy x Golden Delicious)
  • Sundowner (Golden Delicious × Lady Williams)
  • Tentation delblush (Grifer (Blushing Golden) × Golden Delicious)

References

  1. ^ Dominique A.M. Noiton and Peter A. Alspach (September 1996) "Founding Clones, Inbreeding, Coancestry, and Status Number of Modern Apple Cultivars", Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 121:773-782 [2]
  2. ^ Apple varieties by US Apple Association
  3. ^ "Dunbar Man 'Discoverer' of Golden Delicious Apple".  
  4. ^ (West Virginia Div. of Culture and History)
  5. ^ Mass, V. 1970. Golden Delicious. pp. 69-85. In North American apples: varieties, rootstocks, outlook. Michigan State Univ. Press, East Lansing.
  6. ^ Higgins, Adrian (August 5, 2005). "Why the Red Delicious No Longer Is. Decades of Makeovers Alter Apple to Its Core.".  
  7. ^ An Italian-led international research consortium decodes the apple genome AlphaGallileo August 29, 2010, Retrieved August 29, 2010
  8. ^ Golden Delicious: State Fruit of West Virginia
  9. ^ http://www.freepatentsonline.com/PP08354.html
  10. ^ http://www.freepatentsonline.com/PP04166.html
  11. ^ http://www.freepatentsonline.com/PP09707.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-24578762

External links

  • Overview of various apple cultivars
  • A cook's overview of various apple cultivars
  • Golden Delicious apple, in What Am I Eating? A Food Dictionary
  • (French) Golden Delicious (fr.WorldHeritage.org)