Friedrich Kirchner

Friedrich Kirchner

Friedrich Kirchner
General Friedrich Kirchner
Born (1885-03-26)26 March 1885
Zöbigker Leipzig
Died 6 April 1960(1960-04-06) (aged 75)
Fulda
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1899–1945
Rank General der Panzertruppe
Commands held 1. Panzer-Division
LVII. Panzerkorps
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Friedrich Kirchner (26 March 1885 – 6 April 1960) was a German general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Contents

  • Career 1
  • Awards 2
  • References 3
    • Citations 3.1
    • Bibliography 3.2
  • External links 4

Career

Friedrich Kirchner joined the Leutnant on 27 January 1907. The officers patent was back dated to 18 August 1905. Kirchner was transferred to the 1. Königlich Sächsisches Ulanen-Regiment "Kaiser Franz Josef von Österreich, König von Ungarn" Nr. 17 in 1911. He was still assigned to this regiment at the outbreak of World War I. He was promoted to Rittmeister on 24 July 1915.

After World War I he was accepted for service in the Reichswehr where he initially served with the 12. (Sächs.) Reiter-Regiment. He was made escadron chief, a position which he officially held of the 4th escadron of the 12. (Sächs.) Reiter-Regiment in Großenhain by the spring of 1924. He held this position for many years before he was transferred to the Regimentsstab of the 12. (Sächs.) Reiter-Regiment in Dresden in the spring of 1928. Kirchner was promoted to Major on 1 February 1928. From 1929 he served in the Stab of the 2. Kavallerie-Division in Breslau. Kirchner was promoted to Oberstleutnant on 1 December 1932 and Oberst on 1 November 1934. He was made commanding officer of the Schützen-Regiment 1 on 15 October 1935 and commanding officer of the 1. Schützen-Brigade on 10 November 1938. He was promoted to Generalmajor on 1 March 1938.

He participated in the invasion of Poland with the 1. Schützen-Brigade until he was given command of the 1. Panzer-Division on 17 November 1939. On 1 April 1940 he was promoted to Generalleutnant. Kirchner led the 1. Panzer-Division in the Battle of France. Kirchner was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 20 May 1940 for the successful leadership of the 1. Panzer-Division. He was wounded during the invasion of France when one of his legs was run over by a German vehicle.[1] He then took command of the LVII. Armeekorps on 15 November 1941. He was promoted to General der Panzertruppe on 1 February 1942. Even after the re-designation of the LVII. Armeekorps to LVII. Panzerkorps he remained in command of the LVII. Panzerkorps until the end of World War II.

Awards

References

Citations

  1. ^ To Lose a Battle: France 1940, Alistair Horne
  2. ^ a b c d Thomas 1997, p. 364.
  3. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 229.
  4. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 442.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 256.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 78.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 47.

Bibliography

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Rudolf Schmidt
Commander of 1. Panzer-Division
2 November 1939 – 17 July 1941
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Walter Krüger
Preceded by
LVII. Armeekorps
Commander of LVII. Panzer-Korps
21 June 1942 – 30 November 1943
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppen Hans-Karl Freiherr von Esebeck
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppen Hans-Karl Freiherr von Esebeck
Commander of LVII. Panzer-Korps
19 February 1944 – 25 May 1944
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Dr. Franz Beyer
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Dr. Franz Beyer
Commander of LVII. Panzer-Korps
2 June 1944 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
none