Franz Graßmel

Franz Graßmel

Franz Graßmel
Born (1906-01-08)8 January 1906
Died 30 June 1985(1985-06-30) (aged 79)
Allegiance Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1928–35 (Landespolizei)
1935–40 (Heer)
1940–45 (Luftwaffe)
Rank Oberstleutnant
Commands held Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 4
Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 20

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Franz Graßmel (8 January 1906 – 30 June 1985), was a highly decorated German Fallschirmjäger (paratrooper) during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.



  1. ^ The original nomination was not retained. The Oberbefehlshaber Nordwest (OB Nordwest) had sent the nomination to the Oberkommando der Luftwaffe/Auszeichnung und Disziplin (OKL/AuD—Air Force High Command/Award and Discipline). The accompanying letter is presented by Franz Thomas. Franz Thomas is author of Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939-1945, Teil II Die Ritterkreuzträger der Fallschirmjäger, Osnabrück 1986, page 88. No further information prevailed. A presentation cannot be verified. The Order Commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) processed this case in 1974 and decided: 868th Oak Leaves, 8 May 1945. According to the AKCR the award was present in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "868" and date were assigned by the AKCR. Graßmel is listed by the OB Nordwest for the "Nomination for the presentation of war awards" in May 1945. This list, which was to be presented to Karl Dönitz, holds 12 names. These nominations had all been submitted by the OB Nordwest via the command chain and must be considered not finalized. Dönitz has never signed this list and most likely has never seen this list. Graßmel was a member of the AKCR.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Thomas and Wegmann 1986, p. 86.
  2. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 146.
  3. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 134.

External links

  • Franz Graßmel @ Lexikon der Wehrmacht