Frank McKinney at the 1960 Olympics.
|Full name||Frank Edward McKinney, Jr.|
November 3, 1938|
September 11, 1992
near Indianapolis, Indiana
|Height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Weight||163 lb (74 kg)|
|Club||Indianapolis Athletic Club|
|College team||Indiana University|
Frank Edward McKinney, Jr. (November 3, 1938 – September 11, 1992) was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder. He later became a prominent executive in the American banking industry, but died in a mid-air collision of two aircraft.
McKinney was the son of Frank E. McKinney, a former chairman of the Democratic National Committee and a former owner of the National League's Pittsburgh Pirates. He was the youngest member of a U.S. national swim team that set a world record in the 4x100-meter medley relay at the 1955 Pan American Games. At the Pan American Games, the 16-year-old high school student also won a gold medal in the 100-meter backstroke. Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, he did the most to introduce modern backstroke techniques. Following Yoshi Oyakawa as the premier U.S. backstroker, McKinney was the pioneer of the modern bent-arm backstrokers, even as Oyakawa had been the last of the straight-arm school. McKinney was the leader of a remarkable group of teenagers who won the U.S. Nationals for the Indianapolis Athletic Club alongside Mike Troy, Bill Barton, Bill Cass and Alan Somers. Later, they would all swim for the Indiana Hoosiers swimming and diving team under coach Doc Counsilman at Indiana University. McKinney captured a bronze medal in the men's 100-meter backstroke at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, and then entered Indiana University.
At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy, he received a silver medal for his second-place finish in the men's 100-meter backstroke. He also won a gold medal by swimming the lead-off backstroke leg for the first-place U.S. team in the men's 4x100-meter medley relay.
McKinney retired from competition after graduating from Indiana University in 1961, and went into banking. He was the president of Bank One of Indiana (previously American Fletcher National Bank), headquartered in Indianapolis when he died, aged 53, in a mid-air collision between two aircraft in 1992. McKinney was traveling to Columbus, Ohio with 3 other civic leaders, who were also killed along with the pilots of both aircraft. He is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis.
- List of Indiana University (Bloomington) people
- List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men)
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres medley relay
- Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Frank McKinney. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- " Indiana plane crashes," Indianapolis Star (May 1, 2002). Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Robert McG. Thomas, Jr., " Frank McKinney, 53, Ex-Olympic Swimmer, Dies," The New York Times (September 13, 1992). Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Frank McKinney – Olympic athlete profile at Sports-Reference.com
- Frank McKinney (USA) – Honor Swimmer profile at International Swimming Hall of Fame