Equipment of the United States Army

Equipment of the United States Army

The Equipment of the United States Army can be subdivided into: infantry weapons, vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, and clothing.

Contents

  • Weapons 1
  • Artillery 2
  • Vehicles 3
    • Vehicle-mounted weapons 3.1
  • Aircraft 4
  • Vessels 5
  • Attire 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8

Weapons

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9 9×19mm Pistol  Italy To be replaced by the Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11 9×19mm Pistol   Switzerland To be replaced through the Modular Handgun System program.[1][2]
M1911 .45 ACP Pistol  United States Limited service
Submachine Gun
MP5 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun  Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
MP7 4.6×30mm Submachine gun  Germany Used by Delta Force
Assault Rifles
M16 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.[3][4]
M4 5.56×45mm NATO Carbine  United States Standard service rifle.[5][6]
M231 FPW 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley
HK416 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Germany Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Mk 17 Mod 0 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Belgium  United States Used by all branches of USSOCOM
Shotguns
500 MILLS 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M1014 12-gauge Shotgun  Italy
M26 MASS 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M870 12 gauge Shotgun  United States
Machine Guns
M249 SAW 5.56×45mm Light machine gun  United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[7][8]
M240 7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed[9][10]
M60 7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States To be replaced by the M240
Browning M2HB .50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[11]
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
M14 7.62×51mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States
SDM-R 5.56×45mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States Heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges
M110 7.62×51mm NATO Sniper rifle  United States
M2010 .300 Winchester Magnum Sniper rifle  United States
M107 .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle  United States
Mk 20 SSR 7.62×51mm Sniper rifle  Belgium  United States
Grenade-Based Weapons
Mk 19 40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Belt-fed.[12][13]
M203 40mm Grenade launcher  United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[14][15]
M320 40mm Grenade launcher  Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67 Fragmentation grenade  United States
M18 Smoke grenade  United States
M8 Smoke grenade  United States
M84 Flashbang  United States
Portable Anti-Materiel Weapons
AT4 84mm Anti-tank weapon  Sweden
M141 83.5mm Anti-fortification  United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW
M72 LAW 66mm Anti-tank weapon  United States
M3 MAAWS[16] 84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle  Sweden
BGM-71 TOW Guided anti-tank missile  United States
FGM-148 Javelin Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile  United States
FIM-92 Stinger Anti-aircraft missile  United States

Artillery

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[17][18] 60 mm  United States Unknown
M252[19][20] 81 mm  United Kingdom Unknown
M120[21][22] 120 mm  Israel Unknown
Howitzers
M109 155 mm self-propelled howitzer  United States 950[23] [24]
M198 155 mm  United States 327
M777 155 mm gun-howitzer  United Kingdom ~403[25]
M119 105 mm howitzer  United Kingdom 392
Rocket Launchers
M270  United States 857[26] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[27]  United States 340 M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air Defense
C-RAM  United States Unknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1  United States ~800[28] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104  United States 1,100[29] Mobile, long-range(by US standards) surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV  United States 260,000[30] To be replaced by the Oshkosh L-ATV
Light Strike Vehicle  United States ????
Oshkosh L-ATV  United States Will replace the HMMWV. Oshkosh won a contract in 2015 to produce 49,100 vehicles for the Army to enter service from FY2018.[31]
RSOV  United Kingdom ????
Trucks
M939 Truck
 United States ≈32,000[32] To be replaced by the FMTV
FMTV
 United States 72,749[33]
HEMTT
 United States 13,000[34]
HETS
 United States 2,600[35]
Armoured Vehicles
M1 Abrams
 United States 5,567 active service[36] Main battle tank, 4,393 M1A1 and 2,385 M1 in storage,1,174 M1A2 and M1A2SEP variants, 8308 total
M1120 Series
 United States 4,466[37] Armored personnel carrier
M113
 United States 6,000 active duty Armored personnel carrier
M1117
 United States 2,777[38] Armored car
Textron TAPV
Canada
 United States
???? Armored car
M2 Bradley
 United States 6,230 active service[39] Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley
 United States 500[40] Reconnaissance vehicle
M88 Hercules
 United States 748[41] Armored recovery vehicle
M9
 United States ~490[42] Combat engineering vehicle
M93 Fox
 Germany 108[43] CBRN defense vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV  United States ≈5,500
Caiman  United States 2,868[44]
Couger H
Couger HE
 United States 1,317[45]
International MaxxPro  United States 5,214[46]
RG-31  South Africa 595[47]
RG-33
RG-33L
 South Africa 1,167[48]
Buffalo  United States 750[49]

Vehicle-mounted weapons

Aircraft

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[52]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron  USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
17
14
17
Gulfstream C-20  USA Cargo/Transport C-20C 4
C-26 Metroliner  USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship  Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37  USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5  Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[53] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron  USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
12
6
18
Cessna UC-35  USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird  USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 47
AH-64 Apache  USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook  USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk  USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
MH-60 Black Hawk  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-60K
MH-60L
23
35
OH-58 Kiowa  USA Observation helicopter OH-58A
OH-58C
OH-58D
OH-58F
618 A / C models are currently under replacement by UH-72
TH-67 Creek  USA
 Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180
UH-1 Iroquois  USA Utility helicopter UH-1H 53 To be replaced by UH-72
UH-60 Black Hawk  USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
100[54][55]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota  USA
 Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[56]
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter  Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Undesignated Foreign Aircraft
Antonov An-26  USSR Undesignated foreign aircraft 3
Antonov An-2  USSR
 Poland
Undesignated foreign aircraft 1
Mil Mi-24  USSR Attack helicopter with transport capabilities 1 Acquired from Germany and used for adversary training. Retired to Fort Bliss Old Ironsides Museum.

Notes

Vessels

The Army still operates several vessels.[57]
Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
Spearhead high speed logistics ship Theater Support Vessel 1
General Frank S. Besson Class Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class Large Tug 6

Attire

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam


The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern.[58]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform
Physical Fitness Uniform

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest , which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  4. ^
  5. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  6. ^
  7. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  8. ^
  9. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  13. ^
  14. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  15. ^
  16. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  17. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  18. ^
  19. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  20. ^
  21. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
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  31. ^ Oshkosh Wins JLTV Award – Armytimes.com, 25 August 2015
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  52. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. .
  53. ^ WebCite query result
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  57. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  58. ^