Enlargement of the African Union
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the African Union
|Life in the African Union|
- Membership 1
- Current members 2
- Possible growth 3
- See also 4
- References 5
- External links 6
Article 29 of the Constitutive Act of the African Union (ratified July 11, 2000), states:
- Any African State may, at any time after the entry into force of this Act, notify the Chairman of the Commission of its intention to accede to this Act and to be admitted as a member of the Union.
- The Chairman of the Commission shall, upon receipt of such notification, transmit copies thereof to all Member States. Admission shall be decided by a simple majority of the Member States. The decision of each Member State shall be transmitted to the Chairman of the Commission who shall, upon receipt of the required number of votes, communicate the decision to the State concerned.
The following two articles discuss the suspension and cessation of membership:
- Governments which shall come to power through unconstitutional means shall not be allowed to participate in the activities of the Union.
- Any State which desires to renounce its membership shall forward a written notification to the Chairman of the Commission, who shall inform Member States thereof. At the end of one year from the date of such notification, if not withdrawn, the Act shall cease to apply with respect to the renouncing State, which shall thereby cease to belong to the Union.
- During the period of one year referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, any Member State wishing to withdraw from the Union shall comply with the provisions of this Act and shall be bound to discharge its obligations under this Act up to the date of its withdrawal.
The former of these two clauses has only applied to Mauritania after its 2005 coup d'état and Togo. Madagascar was suspended during the dissolution of the OAU and formation of the AU (2001–2003). The only state to leave the OAU/AU was Morocco, who withdrew in 1984, following the admission of Western Sahara's Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic in 1982. It is the only African state not currently an AU member.
Currently, the AU has 54 member states. As the successor to the colonial independence; as decolonization ended, the borders of the OAU had overlapped almost all of Africa. When the AU was founded in 2002, it represented almost the entire African continent.
- The official AU site
- "Member States ------- * Member States under political sanction - African Union". Au.int. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Stevenson, Tom (2012-06-06). "Why Morocco must not be allowed to join the African Union".
- "OAU considers Morocco readmission".
- Daouda, Aziz (2012-02-12). "Will Morocco soon return to the African Union?". Retrieved 2013-02-01.
- Tanjaoui, Zakariya (2013-03-14). "Morocco: King Tours Africa Countries, Gives New Impetus to South-South Cooperation".
- "“Morocco’s place is within the African Union,” Alassane Ouattara". 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Jean-Matthew, Tamba (2013-05-16). "Senegal on a drive to have Morocco rejoin AU". Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Haiti - Diplomacy : Haiti becomes a member of the African Union - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". HaitiLibre.com. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Sampson, Ovetta (2012-02-29). "Long distance relationship: Haiti's bid to join the African Union".
- "AU urged to prevent Somalia-Somaliland war". afrol News. 23 May 2006. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Countries Dismiss Mali Rebel Claims of Independent Nation". Voice of America. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
Although the AU includes one Somalia, favouring the Transitional Federal Government's claim that Somaliland is an autonomous region over the Somaliland government's assertion of full sovereignty. Nonetheless, Somaliland applied for AU membership in 2005, a request that has hereto gone unanswered.
In February 2012, the Caribbean state of Haiti signaled that it would seek to upgrade its observer status to associate member status. The AU plans at its next summit in June 2013 to upgrade Haiti's status from observer to associate.
 expressed his support for Morocco rejoining the Union.Macky Sall President of Senegal A couple of months later,  stated that the heads of state of several Africa nations had pledged to begin efforts to reintegrate Morocco into the AU.Alassane Ouattara Côte d’Ivoire In March 2013, the President of  Many leaders of African nations have supported the reintegration of Morocco to the AU.