E3 series

E3 series

E3 series
E3 series on an Akita Shinkansen Komachi service, March 2008
In service 1997–Present
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Family name Mini-shinkansen
Constructed 1995–2009
Scrapped 2013–
Number built 261 vehicles (41 sets)
Number in service 261 vehicles (41 sets)
Formation 6 or 7 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers R1–R26, L51–L53, L61–L72
Capacity 6-car R sets: 338 (23 Green + 315 Standard)
7-car L50 sets (E3-1000): 402 (23 Green + 379 Standard)
7-car L60 sets (E3-2000): 394 (23 Green + 371 Standard)
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Akita, Yamagata
Line(s) served Tōhoku Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 20,050 to 23,070 mm (65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in)
Width 2,945 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors 1 per side
Maximum speed 275 km/h (171 mph) (Tōhoku Shinkansen), 130 km/h (81 mph) (Akita/Yamagata Shinkansen)
Traction system 6-car sets: 16 x 300 kW,
7-car sets: 20 x 300 kW
Power output 6-car sets: 4.8 MW (6,440 hp),
7-car sets: 6 MW (8,050 hp)
Acceleration 1.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC, ATS-P
Multiple working 200 series, E2 series, E4 series, E5 series
Track gauge

The E3 series (E3系?) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita upgraded to . Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tōhoku Shinkansen, providing services south to Tokyo.

Design

Like the 400 Series Shinkansen, these trains are built to a smaller loading gauge than mainline Shinkansen trains—the width and length of each car is reduced to fit on the narrower clearances of the "mini-shinkansen". Doorway steps fold out to bridge the gap between the narrow body and the platform at regular shinkansen stations.

Variants

  • E3 series "R" sets: 26 x 6-car sets used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services since 3 June 1997
  • E3-1000 series "LR" sets: 3 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 4 December 1999
  • E3-2000 series "LR" sets: 12 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 20 December 2008

Pre-production set

A pre-production 5-car set, numbered S8, was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries to Sendai Depot in March 1995 for extensive testing. It was modified to full-production specifications in March 1997 ahead of the start of Akita Shinkansen services.[1]

Until it was augmented to six cars in 1998, the pre-production was formed as follows, with scissors-type pantographs on cars 12, 13, and 14.[1] Set R1 was withdrawn following its final revenue run on 20 July 2013.[2]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15
Designation M1sc M2 T M1 M2c
Numbering E311-1 E326-1 E329-1 E325-1 E322-1

E3 series "R" sets

The full-production trainsets built from 1996 for the Akita Shinkansen were 5-car sets, but sixth cars were added by the end of 1998. A total of 26 Akita Shinkansen sets were in service by the end of 2005. Sets R1 to R16 are leased by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) from the owning company, Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū (秋田新幹線車両保有(株)?), a third-sector company jointly owned by JR East and Akita Prefecture.[3] This lease is scheduled to be terminated on 21 March 2010 with the dissolution of Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū.[4]

The E3 series sets are scheduled to be phased out following the introduction of new E6 series sets from March 2013, with 19 sets (114 vehicles) scheduled to be withdrawn during fiscal 2013.[5]

Formation

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation M1sc M2 T T M1 M2c
Numbering E311 E326 E329 E328 E325 E322
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 56

Cars 12 and 15 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history

Set number Date delivered[6] Car 14 build date[6] Date withdrawn Remarks
R1 28 March 1995 29 October 1998 Pre-production set S8 (originally 5 cars with 3 pantographs)
R2 9 October 1996 1 November 1998 Built as 5-car sets
R3 14 October 1996 4 November 1998
R4 22 October 1996 6 November 1998
R5 28 October 1996 9 November 1998 26 April 2013[7]
R6 6 November 1996 12 November 1998 12 April 2013[7]
R7 11 November 1996 22 November 1998 17 May 2013[7]
R8 15 November 1996 24 November 1998 24 May 2013[7]
R9 22 November 1996 26 November 1998 7 June 2013[7]
R10 2 December 1996 28 November 1998
R11 12 December 1996 30 October 1998
R12 21 December 1996 17 November 1998
R13 20 January 1997 5 December 1998
R14 30 January 1997 14 November 1998
R15 7 February 1997 16 November 1998
R16 17 February 1997 19 November 1998
R17 30 September 1998 n/a 6-car sets from new
R18 23 October 2002
R19 18 November 2002
R20 24 March 2003
R21 16 September 2003
R22 27 October 2003
R23 1 December 2003
R24 4 April 2005
R25 11 July 2005
R26 25 July 2005

Interior

E3-1000 series

Three 7-car E3-1000 sets (numbered L51 - L53) were delivered from 1999 for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services from 4 December 1999 to augment the 400 series fleet following with the extension of the line to Shinjo.[8]

Formation

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Designation M1sc M2 T1 M2 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E311-1000 E326-1000 E329-1000 E326-1100 E328-1000 E325-1000 E322-1000
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 64 56

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history

Set number Date delivered[6] Manufacturer
L51 11 August 1999 Tokyu Car
L52 11 September 1999 Kawasaki HI
L53 17 August 2005 Tokyu Car

Interior


E3-2000 series

The first of a fleet of twelve new E3-2000 series 7-car sets entered service on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services on 20 December 2008.[9] The new fleet totally replaced the older 400 series trains by summer 2009. The new trains incorporate design improvements, including active suspension, full-colour LED destination indicators, and AC power outlets in all cars.[10] Seating capacity in cars 16 and 17 has been reduced by 4 (one row of seats) compared with the E3-1000 series to provide uniform seating pitch in all cars (seat pitch was previously reduced in non-reserved cars).

Formation

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Designation M1sc M2 T1 M2 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E311-2000 E326-2000 E329-2000 E326-2100 E328-2000 E325-2000 E322-2000
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 60 52

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history

Set number Date delivered[11] Manufacturer
L61 9 October 2008 Kawasaki HI
L62 9 December 2008 Kawasaki HI
L63 7 January 2009 Kawasaki HI
L64 17 February 2009 Kawasaki HI
L65 3 March 2009 Kawasaki HI
L66 25 March 2009 Kawasaki HI
L67 28 March 2009 Tokyu Car
L68 14 April 2009 Kawasaki HI
L69 19 May 2009 Kawasaki HI
L70 30 June 2009 Kawasaki HI
L71 22 July 2009 Kawasaki HI
L72 25 March 2010 Kawasaki HI

From spring 2014, the entire fleet of 15 E3-1000 and E3-2000 series Tsubasa sets are scheduled to be reliveried in a new colour scheme designed by industrial designer Ken Okuyama.[12] Three sets are scheduled to be repainted by June 2014, with the entire fleet of 15 sets repainted by mid 2016.[12]

Interior

See also

  • List of high speed trains

References

External links

  • (Japanese)