Tram at an intersection
|Native name||ترام دبي|
|Locale||Dubai, United Arab Emirates|
|Opening||12 November 2014|
|Owner||Roads and Transport Authority|
10.6 km (6.6 mi)
(14.5 km (9.0 mi) total planned)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||Average: 20 km/h (12 mph) Maximum: 50 km/h (31 mph)|
The Dubai Tram (Arabic: ترام دبي) (previously known as the Al Sufouh Tram) is a tramway located in Al Sufouh, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It will run for 14.5 kilometers (9.0 mi) along Al Sufouh Road from Dubai Marina to the Burj Al Arab and the Mall of the Emirates. The tram interchanges with Jumeirah Lakes Towers Station and Dubai Marina Station of the Dubai Metro's Red Line and two more metro station are expected to connect with the tram in the future. The Dubai Tram will also connect with the monorail of the Palm Jumeirah at the entrance of the Palm from Sufouh Road.
The first section, a 10.6-kilometer (6.6 mi) long tram line which serves 11 stations, was ceremonially inaugurated on 11 November 2014, by H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, The Vice-President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, with the line opening to the public at 6 am (UTC 4:00) on 12 November 2014.
Construction has been divided into two phases: Phase 1, was expected to be open in April 2011, however it was delayed until November 2014. Upon completion, Phase 1 of the tramline will operate 11 trams, serving 11 stations, covering 10.6 kilometers (6.6 mi) of route. The phase I will cost AED 3.18 Billion. Some 9.5 kilometres of the Dubai Tram project will be built as part of the first phase I. Phase 2 will add 14 more trams and eight more stations along an additional 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) of route.
As of 10 October 2010, the construction work on Dubai Tramway had progressed according to the scheduled completion of 2014. However the project was put on hold a month later due to lack of finances. The construction of the tramway was resumed in January, 2011 with 30% of Phase I having been completed. In mid-2014, the tramline entered the testing phase, and it began operation in November 2014.
Hours of operation and frequency
Services will run 20 hours each day, and it will take 36 minutes to ride the entire length of the system. Trams run from 6:30 to 1:38. On Fridays, service starts at 9:00. Initially, the minimum headway is a tram every 6 minutes.
The tram has a fixed fare of AED 3 (USD $0.82) per ride regardless of the distance traveled, making it one of the cheapest fares for trams, compared to other cities. The fare for passengers using the Red Nol Ticket will be AED 4 (USD $1.09) per ride.
The Nol Card are used by the passengers to check-in and check-out of the tram by scanning the card at the platform screen doors.
The Dubai Tram use 11 Alstom Citadis 402 trams for Phase 1. The trams are 44 m (144 ft) long with a capacity of 408 passengers. Maximum speed is 50 km/h (31 mph), giving an average operational speed of 20 km/h (12 mph).
The trams use the "Alimentation par le Sol II" (APS II) ground-level power supply, and so do not need overhead cables. This method was first used in Bordeaux, France. The Dubai Tram is the world’s first tram network to use platform screen doors at the stations, as well as a new Supervised Vehicle Operation (SVO) mode that will ensure accurate station stop and safety during passenger transfer. The trams have Gold (first) and silver classes, and space dedicated to women and children.
The first tram was presented to Mattar Al Tayer, Chairman of the Road & Transport Authority, at Alstom's La Rochelle factory on 14 June 2013.
Incidents and accidents
- 2 October 2014 During the test run, a car collided with the oncoming tram after jumping a red light signal. According to Dubai Police, the driver nor anyone else was injured in the accident but the vehicle sustained damages to its front portion and the tram sustained with minimal damage. – 
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- Roads & Transport Authority Dubai Metro homepage