|Straight University,Straight College, New Orleans University|
|Motto||Ex Fide, Fortis|
Motto in English
|of strong faith|
United Church of Christ
United Methodist Church
|Endowment||$58 million |
|President||Dr.Walter M. Kimbrough|
|Provost||Dr. Yolanda Williams-Page|
New Orleans, Louisiana,
2601 Gentilly Blvd
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Colors||Royal Blue and White|
|Athletics||NAIA Division I – GCAC|
|Nickname||Bleu Devils / Lady Bleu Devils|
Dillard University is a private, historically black liberal arts college in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. Founded in 1930 incorporating earlier institutions that went back to 1869, it is affiliated with the United Church of Christ and the United Methodist Church.
The campus is near Gentilly Boulevard and the London Avenue Canal, established in the 1930s.
Ancestor institutions: 1869–1930 1.1
- Straight University 1.1.1
- Union Normal School/New Orleans University 1.1.2
- "A Great Negro University in New Orleans": 1930–1935 1.2
- Hurricane Katrina 1.3
- Ancestor institutions: 1869–1930 1.1
- Degrees and majors 2.1
- Undergraduate research 2.2
- Institute of Jazz Culture (IOJC) 2.3
- Athletics 3
- Academic buildings 4.1
- Library 4.2
- Chapel 4.3
- On-campus housing 4.4
- Athletic buildings 4.5
- Student center 4.6
- President's house 4.7
List of Dillard people 5
- Alumni 5.1
- Honorary degree recipients 5.2
- Trustees 5.3
- External links 6
- References 7
Ancestor institutions: 1869–1930
The history of Dillard University dates back to 1869 and its founding predecessor institutions--Straight University (later to be renamed Straight College) and Union Normal School (which was to become New Orleans University).
Responding to the post-Civil War need to educate newly freed African Americans in New Orleans, Louisiana and the surrounding region, the American Missionary Association of the Congregational Church founded Straight University on June 12, 1868.
Straight University also offered professional training, including a law department from 1874 to 1886, and its graduates participated in local and national Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction era civil rights struggles.
Straight University was renamed Straight College in 1915.
Union Normal School/New Orleans University
The Union Normal School was established by the Freedman's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church on July 8, also in 1868.
In addition to Straight University, the AMA helped found several other Historically Black Colleges and Universities, such as Clark Atlanta University, Fisk University, Hampton University, Howard University (with Freedmen's Bureau), Huston-Tillotson University, LeMoyne-Owen College, Talladega College, and Tougaloo College. Straight University and Union Normal School later became Straight College and New Orleans University, respectively. Both schools offered elementary level education, but quickly enlarged curriculum to include secondary, collegiate, and professional level instruction.
New Orleans University operated a secondary school--Gilbert Academy. By the 1890s, the university offered professional medical training. It included a school of pharmacy, the Flint Medical College, and the Sarah Goodridge Hospital and Nurse Training School. After the medical college was ended in 1911, the Flint Goodridge Hospital emerged and continued nurse training.
"A Great Negro University in New Orleans": 1930–1935
|Rev. Will W. Alexander||1935–1936|
|William Stuart Nelson||1936–1940|
|Albert Walter Dent||1941–1969|
|Broadus Nathaniel Butler||1969–1973|
|Samuel DuBois Cook||1974–1997|
|Michael Lucius Lomax||1997–2004|
|Bettye Parker Smith||2004–2005|
|James E. Lyons, Sr.||2011-2012|
|Walter M. Kimbrough||2012–Present|
Local Black and White leaders felt there was a need for a larger, more notable African American institution of higher learning to emerge within New Orleans and the greater South. Due to economic hardships and rounds of negotiations between the two institutions, Straight College and New Orleans University chartered Dillard University on June 6, 1930. Named after James H. Dillard, the new university was created to "... offer a traditional liberal arts curriculum—rather than nonprofessional, vocational training" and emphasize a close engagement with the Black community through "various education extension programs, societies, and clubs."
Despite the hope of this new charter, the building of Dillard University was tempered by its context of Jim Crow America. Many local Whites took concern with the possibility of a Black president presiding over White faculty members. Similarly, the increased numbers of African American bus riders in the Gentilly area disturbed some White sensibilities. As an influential and diplomatic member of Dillard's board of trustees, Edgar B. Stern suggested Will W. Alexander as a suitable compromise. Will W. Alexander, a white Southern preacher, was Dillard's first acting president (1935–1936), whose experience as the director of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation proved valuable. Dillard University opened its doors in the fall of 1935, and was able to attract a number of prominent scholars, such as Horace Mann Bond, psychology and education; Frederick Douglass Hall, music; Lawrence D. Reddick, history; and St. Clair Drake, sociology and anthropology.
In August 2005, the campus, not far from the lower levee breach of the London Avenue Canal, suffered extensive flood damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Nelson Hall was destroyed by a fire. A bus fire also destroyed belongings of 37 students who were in the process of being evacuated.
In spring 2006, the students of Dillard University took their normal classes at The New Orleans World Trade Center and The New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel. As is tradition, Dillard held graduation on the Rosa Freeman Keller Avenue of the Oaks in July 2006. Students returned to campus in September 2006.
|Liberal arts colleges|
|U.S. News & World Report||RNP|
In 2003, musician Ray Charles added a provision in his will to endow a $1 million professorship of African-American culinary history at Dillard. It is the first such position in the country.
Degrees and majors
Dillard University offers Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of Science in Nursing degrees in over 35 majors. The diverse major, minor, and course offerings create an opportunities for a comprehensive, global education. These majors are organized within four academic colleges, and further subdivided by departments:
- College of Arts and Sciences
- College of Business
- College of General Studies
In preparation for graduate and professional schools, undergraduates are encouraged to work closely with a faculty member to produce a high quality undergraduate research projects. The university is a member of the Council of Undergraduate Research and the National Council of Undergraduate Research. Most departments offer courses in methodology, and the university's Office of Undergraduate Research organizes additional workshops on writing proposals, analyzing data, and using human participants. Students can participate in A Katrina Recovery Initiative (AKRI), Louisiana Alliance for Minority Participation (LAMP), and the Undergraduate Research & Creative Work Competition. The university also produces the Dillard University Journal of Undergraduate Research (DUJOUR), which publishes the findings and articles of finished undergraduate research projects.
Institute of Jazz Culture (IOJC)
Nurtured in the "Birthplace of Jazz," Dillard University recognized the unique possibilities that is provided by this context. The Institute of Jazz Culture was established in 2002 by founding director, Irvin Mayfield at the intersection of community, jazz and education. Under the current leadership of Edward Anderson, Assistant Professor of Music and Director of the IOJC, the Institute is producing curriculum and programming on the collegiate and the secondary levels. It emphasizes the development of talent and promotes professional opportunities. Preservation, promotion and celebration through documentation, education, and performance of jazz culture are the central goals.
Dillard University teams are known as the Bleu Devils. The university is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), competing in the Gulf Coast Athletic Conference (GCAC). Men's sports include basketball, cross country and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, track & field and volleyball.
Dillard University's campus is located on 55 acres (22.3 ha) in the suburban-like Gentilly neighborhood of the New Orleans 7th Ward district. The campus is anchored by Neoclassical architecture and live oak trees. The double tree-lined "Avenue of the Oaks" forms the focal point of the gated campus.
DUICEF (Dillard University International Center for Economic Freedom) is the university's newest building, dedicated in 2004. It houses the offices of the Division of Education & Psychology and the Division of Social Sciences, and computer and language laboratories.
Howard House, built in 1936, was originally a guest house, but currently is home to the business program. The building was named in honor of New Orleans native Alvin Pike Howard (1889–1937), successful businessman, former professor of Tulane University and former director of Hibernia National Bank; he is a noteworthy contributor to the development of Dillard University.
Rosenwald Hall is a hall at Dillard University. Dillard's first permanent building was originally the campus library. It was built in May 1934. The building is named in honor of philanthropist Julius Rosenwald, to whom the building was dedicated in June 1948. This building houses the university's administrative offices and was under construction due to damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. It will be fully operational in the fall 2008.
Samuel DuBois Cook Fine Arts and Communications Center at Dillard University, New Orleans, was built in 1993. The building is named in honor of Dillard University's sixth president, Dr. Samuel DuBois Cook. With his tenure came the start of the modernization of Dillard University's infrastructure. In the building are the Fine Arts Gallery and studios, state-of-the-art television and recording studios, the Music Department, the Drama Department and a theater, and a radio station.
Stern Hall is a hall at Dillard University. Dillard's science building was built in 1952. It is named in honor of Edgar Bloom Stern, a prominent financier and philanthropist of New Orleans. The building was renovated in 1952 and again in 1968. In the building are the Division of Nursing, Division of Natural Sciences, two computer labs, Biology, Chemistry and Physics labs as well as a learning center sponsored by the Louisiana Alliance for Minority Participation (LAMP) program.
Will W. Alexander Library is Dillard University's library. It was built in 1961. The library was dedicated in honor of the first acting president of Dillard University, the Rev. Will W. Alexander on October 22, 1961. The library houses an extensive collection of books, journals, microform and newspapers, as well as such historical documents as the papers of the American Missionary Association of the United Church of Christ. The library was damaged in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and reopened as a state-of-the-art facility in April 2008.
Lawless Memorial Chapel is Dillard University's chapel. It was built in 1955. Chapel was dedicated to the memory of Dr. Alfred Lawless Jr. and his son Theodore K. Lawless M.D. on October 23, 1955. Now named Lawless Assembly Hall, it is the only building on Dillard's campus that did not suffer flood damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
Camphor Hall is a hall at Dillard University, New Orleans. It was built in 1947. This female dormitory was originally a male dormitory. The building was named in honor of a Louisiana native, educator and missionary, Bishop Alexander Priestly Camphor.
Hartzell Hall is a dormitory at Dillard University. It was built in 1935. Hartzell is named in honor of Joseph Crane Hartzell, a missionary bishop for the Methodist Episcopal Church. The building was originally a junior and senior female dormitory, and re-opened in the fall of 2013.
Nelson Complex consisted of three modular buildings that served as undergraduate housing for students. Named after William Nelson, the first African American president of the university, it was destroyed by fire during Hurricane Katrina.
Straight Hall is a dormitory at Dillard University. It was built in 1936 and renovated in 1957, Straight Hall was originally a female dormitory in its earliest days. The building is named in honor of Seymour Straight, president of the Board of Trustees of Straight College, which opened in 1869 and later in 1930 merged with New Orleans University to form Dillard University. Re-opened in the spring of 2013.
Williams Hall is a female dormitory building located to the left of Kearny hall. It was dedicated in honor of noted New Orleanian educator and philanthropist Fannie C. Williams (1882–1980) in June 1946. The building was renovated in 2000 and became a co-ed dormitory in 2004.
Dent Hall at Dillard University, New Orleans, is the university's gymnasium. It was named in honor of Dr. Albert W. Dent, the university's third president. It was built in 1969 at the end of his service. Dent Hall is the home of the Bleu Devils and the Lady Bleu Devils basketball teams (Athletics Department). In this building are The Division of Campus Life, Career Services, Student Development, Student Government Association, the Honors Program, offices, classrooms, computer labs, a dance studio, a weight center and a newly renovated swimming pool.
Henson Hall is Dillard University's old gymnasium, which was built in 1950 and renovated in 1990. The building is named in honor of an explorer and co-discoverer of the North Pole, Matthew Alexander Henson. He was the first human of African descent to reach the North Pole. The university's bookstore and temporary library are housed in Henson Hall due to space constraints following Hurricane Katrina.
Kearny Hall is the student center at Dillard University. It was built in 1935 and renovated in 1966 and 1996. This building is named in honor of New Orleanian Warren Kearny, Trustee of Dillard University. Kearny Hall is located at the center of the campus. In the building are a lounge area, post office, cafeteria, food service offices, as well as the Student Government Association office.
Built in 1936, the president's residence has been renovated three times: 1964, 1972 and 1997. It has been home to six of the seven presidents of Dillard University. It now serves as the Alumni House.
List of Dillard people
The following notable individuals are alumni of Dillard University, Straight University, and New Orleans University:
|James W. Ames||1882||Founder, Dunbar Hospital , the first black hospital in Detroit, MI|
|William Banks||1963||Professor of African-American Studies at the University of California at Berkeley|
|Harold Battiste, Jr.||1952||Accomplished jazz saxophonist, composer and arranger; musical director for Sonny & Cher, Dr. John and many others; arranger for Sam Cooke|
|Dr. Samuel L. Biggers, Jr.||1956||Chief of Neurosurgery, King/Drew Medical Center, Los Angeles|
|John W. E. Bowen, Sr.||1878||among first African Americans to receive a PhD|
|Jericho Brown||1998||Award winning Poet whose poems have appeared in The Iowa Review, jubilat, New England Review, Oxford American.|
|Cora Nelms Charles||1958||Nurse, Lead grant writer in developing the La. Genetics Disorder Div of Louisiana's Department of Health and Hospital ( formerly the Dept of Health and Human Services|
|Sherman Copelin||1965||Member, Louisiana House of Representatives|
|Dr. Karen Drake||1979||Perinatologist, Iowa Methodist Medical Center, Des Moines, Iowa; played a key role in the delivery of the Iowa septuplets – November 19, 1997|
|Joseph N. Gayles, Jr.||1958||former President of Talladega College; former Morehouse School of Medicine Vice President for Development|
|Sandra A. Harris-Hooker||1974||Associate Dean of Research at Morehouse School of Medicine|
|Francis C. Henderson||1958||Professor of Medicine and Special Assistant to the Director of the Jackson Heart Study – Jackson, Mississippi|
|Patrick O. Jefferson||1990||member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for District 11; lawyer from Arcadia|||
|Michael D. Jones||1982||Partner, Georgetown Law Center Alumni of the Year Award (2010)|
|Warren A. Jones||1971||Distinguished Professor of Health Policy; Executive Director, Institute for Geographic Minority Health and Minority Disparities in the Delta Region, University of Mississippi Medical Center; the first African American elected President of the American Academy of Family Physicians; and a member of the Dillard University Board of Trustees|
|Harold Lundy, Sr.||1971||fourth President of Grambling State University|
|Larry Lundy||1972||President of Lundy Enterprises, LLC (a Black Enterprise Top 100 Company)|
|Glenda Goodly McNeal||1982||Senior Vice President, American Express Company and a member of the Dillard University Board of Trustees|
|Ellis M. Marsalis, Jr.||1955||accomplished jazz pianist and music educator; father of jazz artists: Branford, Wynton, Jason and Delfeayo; retired Director of Jazz Studies, University of New Orleans|
|Garrett Morris||1958||comedian/actor (Saturday Night Live, The Jamie Foxx Show)|
|Khalid Abdul Muhammad||1970||National Spokesman, Nation of Islam|
|Alice Dunbar Nelson||1892||Women's rights activist and wife of Paul Lawrence Dunbar|
|Alfred Lloyd Norris||1960||Bishop, United Methodist Church|
|Revius Ortique, Jr||1947||the first African American to serve on the Louisiana State Supreme Court (now retired); a member of the Dillard University Board of Trustees|
|Brenda Marie Osbey||1978||Poet Laureate for Louisiana|
|Lisa Frazier-Page||1984||Staff writer, Washington Post|
|Louis Pendleton||Dentist, businessman, and civic leader in Shreveport, Louisiana, who organized the civil rights movement in his city through the formation of the interest group known as "Blacks United for Lasting Leadership", which successfully lobbied for racial justice|
|P.B.S. Pinchback||1885||First African-American Governor in the United States; 24th Governor of Louisiana|
|Renée Gill Pratt||local New Orleans politician. She was also Director of the Center for Student Retention and Success in Southern University at New Orleans.|
|Beah Richards||1948||actress of stage, screen and television. She was a poet, playwright and author|
|Joyce M. Roche||1970||President & CEO of Girls, Inc.; former President and Chief Operating Officer of Carson, Inc.; the first female chairperson of the Dillard University Board of Trustees|
|John Ruffin||1965||the first associate director for Research on Minority Health and Health Disparities at the National Institutes of Health|
|Ruth J. Simmons||1967||the first African-American President of an Ivy League University (18th President of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island) and the first African-American President of a "Seven Sisters" school (ninth President of Smith College)|
|Mitchell W. Spellman||1940||Founding Dean of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science; Professor of Surgery Emeritus of Harvard Medical School; director, Academic Alliances and International Exchange Programs at Harvard Medical International|
|Rodrick A. Stevenson||1981||Director of the Organ Transplant Department, Meharry Medical College|
|The Honorable Carl E. Stewart||1971||Judge, U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in Louisiana|
|William W. Sutton||1953||fourth President of Mississippi Valley State University|
|Dwayne Thomas||1980||CEO, Medical Center of Louisiana, New Orleans|
|Veronica White||Former Director of Sanitation for the City of New Orleans|
|Jimmy Womack||1976||minister and a Member of the Michigan House of Representatives, 7th district|
Honorary degree recipients
The following notable individuals are honorary alumni of Dillard University:
|Benjamin E. Mays||1975||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Albert W. Dent||1977||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Vernon E. Jordan, Jr.||1977||Doctor of Laws|
|Coretta Scott King||1978||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Samuel D. Proctor||1978||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|David Spitz||1978||Doctor of Laws|
|John Hope Franklin||1979||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Howard Thurman||1979||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Robert Frederick Collins||1979||Doctor of Laws|
|Lerone Bennett, Jr.||1980||Doctor of Laws|
|Martin Luther King, Sr.||1980||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Rosa Freeman Keller||1980||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|William Talbot Handy, Jr.||1981||Doctor of Laws|
|Terry Sanford||1982||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Joseph N. W. Gayles, Jr.||1983||Doctor of Laws|
|Mitchell W. Spellman||1983||Doctor of Laws|
|Shirley Chisholm||1985||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Charles Gilchrist Adams||1985||Doctor of Laws|
|Jerry H. Coleman||1986||Doctor of Laws|
|Joseph E. Lowery||1986||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|John L. Wilson||1986||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|George H. W. Bush||1987||Medal of Honor|
|Lou Rawls||1988||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Robert E. Johnson||1988||Doctor of Literature|
|John Hurst Adams||1989||Doctor of Laws|
|Marian Wright Edelman||1989||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Ellis Marsalis, Jr.||1989||Doctor of Music|
|Rhetaugh Graves Dumas||1990||Doctor of Laws|
|Gardner C. Taylor||1990||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Spike Lee||2004||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|William H. Cosby, Jr.||2006||Ed.D.|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||2007||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Roberta Flack||2007||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|Frank Mason||2007||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|- style="vertical-align:top;" class="vcard" | class="fn" | Michelle Obama | style="text-align:center;" | 2014
| class="note" |
| style="text-align:center;" | |}
The following corporate, civic and religious leaders currently or previously served on the Dillard University Board of Trustees:
- Dillard University official website
- Dillard University official athletics website
- [Bernard, Louise and Radiclani Clytus. Within These Walls: A Short History of Dillard University. New Orleans: Dillard University, 1999. 10.]
- [Bernard, Louise and Radiclani Clytus. Within These Walls: A Short History of Dillard University. New Orleans: Dillard University, 1999. 11.]
- "Community Responds with Donations for Hurricane Evacuees from Dillard University at Centenary College". Retrieved 30 November 2008.
- "Hurricane Katrina Shelters Open". Shreveport Times. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- "Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". America's Best Colleges 2012. U.S. News & World Report. September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- "The Washington Monthly Liberal Arts Rankings". The Washington Monthly. 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- Read, Mimi (February 23, 2005). "A Gift to Black Cuisine, From Ray Charles". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- "Alumnus Patrick Jefferson Takes Office as Louisiana State Representative". Dillard University. Retrieved 20 December 2013.