Demolition of Dhul Khalasa

Demolition of Dhul Khalasa

The Demolition of Dhul Khalasa[1] occurred in April and May 632 AD, in 10AH of the Islamic Calendar. Dhul Khalasa is referred to both as an idol and a temple, and was known by some as the Ka'ba of Yemen, built and worshipped by pagan tribes,[2] Muhammad sent a party of his followers to destroy it.[3][4][5][6]

Background

Jarir ibn Abdullah al-Bajali, came to Muhammad with 150 men to submit to Islam.

Dhul Khalasa was known as the southern Ka’ba, to rival the Ka’ba at Mecca, so Muhammad ordered its demolition.[3] Jarir ibn Abdullah al-Bajali was sent to demolish it. The Temple of Dhul Khalasa resided at Tabala, and was worshipped by the Bajila and Khatham tribes.

The term Dhul Khalasa is usually taken as the name of the temple, it was referred to as the Yemenite Ka’ba by the tribes who worshipped it. But old accounts say that it was the name of a God who was worshipped there.[2] It was reportedly worshipped under the name “God of Redemption”.[3]

Military campaign

Muhammad sent 500 horsemen (or 150 according to Sahih al-Bukhari[7]) to Dhul Khalasa[1] to destroy the “Yemenite Ka’ba”.[4]

Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi mentions when Jarir ibn Abdullah proceeded to Dhul Khalasa, he was met with resistance. The Muslims led by him, fought and killed 100 men “of the Bahilah, its custodians, and many of the Khath'am” and another 200 men of the “Banu-Qubafah” tribes. He then demolished the building and set it on fire.[6][8][9]

Aftermath

Even after the idol was destroyed by Muhammad’s followers, the cult of Dhul Khalasa was resurrected and worshipped in the region until 1815, when members of the Sunni [3]

Islamic primary sources

The Muslim historian Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi, mentions this event as follows:

The incident is also referenced in the Sahih Bukhari hadith collection:

The event is also mentioned in Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:59:642, Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:59:643 and Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:59:645.

References

  1. ^ a b Dermenghem, Émile (1930). The life of Mahomet. G. Routledge. p. 239.  
  2. ^ a b Robertson Smith, William (2010). Kinship and Marriage in Early Arabia. Forgotten Books. p. 297.  
  3. ^ a b c d S. Salibi, Kamal (2007). Who Was Jesus?: Conspiracy in Jerusalem. Tauris Parke Paperbacks. p. 146.  
  4. ^ a b Muir, William (August 1878). The life of Mahomet. Kessinger Publishing. p. 219. 
  5. ^ Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman Al (2002). When the Moon Split. DarusSalam. p. 296.  
  6. ^ a b Glasse, Cyril (28 Jan 2003). The new encyclopedia of Islam. US: AltaMira Press. p. 251.  
  7. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:59:641
  8. ^ a b Ibn al Kalbi, Hisham (1952). The book of idols: being a translation from the Arabic of the Kitāb al-asnām. Princeton University Press. pp. 31–2.  
  9. ^ The Book of Idols, Scribd .