Demographics of Burundi

Demographics of Burundi

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Burundi, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Burundi, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

At 206.1 persons per km²., Burundi has the second-largest population density in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil. The population is made up of three major ethnic groupsHutu (Bahutu), Tutsi (Batutsi or Watusi), and Twa (Batwa). Kirundi is the common language. Intermarriage takes place frequently between the Hutus and Tutsis. The terms "pastoralist" and "agriculturist", often used as ethnic designations for Watusi and Bahutu, respectively, are only occupational titles which vary among individuals and groups. Although Hutus encompass the majority of the population, historically Tutsis have been politically and economically dominant.

Population

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 8 383 000 in 2010, compared to only 2 456 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 37.9%, 59.3% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.9% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 456 40.9 55.9 3.2
1955 2 687 42.8 54.1 3.1
1960 2 940 44.0 53.0 3.0
1965 3 213 45.0 51.9 3.1
1970 3 513 44.6 52.2 3.3
1975 3 680 45.5 51.1 3.4
1980 4 130 44.7 51.8 3.5
1985 4 851 43.7 52.9 3.3
1990 5 602 44.6 52.3 3.2
1995 6 087 46.0 51.0 3.0
2000 6 374 46.2 50.9 2.9
2005 7 251 41.8 55.4 2.9
2010 8 383 37.9 59.3 2.9

UN population projections

Numbers are in thousands. UN medium variant projections [1]

  • 2010 8,382
  • 2015 9,230
  • 2020 10,057
  • 2025 10,791
  • 2030 11,441
  • 2035 12,052
  • 2040 12,651
  • 2045 13,215
  • 2050 13,703

Structure of the population [2]

Structure of the population (16.08.2008) (census, complete) :
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 3 964 906 4 088 668 8 053 574 100
0-4 701 119 722 897 1 424 016 17,81
5-9 554 819 578 192 1 133 011 14,07
10-14 479 874 512 251 992 125 12,32
15-19 462 251 505 384 967 635 12,01
20-24 364 574 407 112 771 686 9,58
25-29 304 842 302 699 607 541 7,54
30-34 209 982 204 471 414 453 5,15
35-39 186 018 185 913 371 931 4,62
40-44 153 694 150 026 303 720 3,77
45-49 146 870 134 020 280 890 3,49
50-54 116 798 111 448 228 246 2,83
55-59 76 723 65 035 141 758 1,76
60-64 52 602 54 801 107 403 1,33
65-69 34 477 32 957 67 434 0,84
70-74 28 759 34 699 63 458 0,79
75-79 18 344 16 796 35 140 0,44
80-84 12 675 15 537 28 212 0,35
85-89 6 328 5 508 11 836 0,15
90-94 4 074 4 471 8 545 0,11
95+ 3 585 3 715 7 300 0,09
unknown 46 498 40 736 87 234 1,08
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 1 735 812 1 813 340 3 549 152 44,07
15-64 2 074 354 2 120 909 4 195 263 52,09
65+ 108 242 113 683 221 925 2,76
Structure of the population (DHS 2012) (Males 10 730, Females 11 866 = 22 596) :
Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-4 20,1 18,3 19,1
5-9 17,1 15,1 16,0
10-14 13,4 13,2 13,3
15-19 10,2 10,5 10,4
20-24 7,5 8,8 8,2
25-29 6,8 7,6 7,3
30-34 5,3 5,6 5,5
35-39 4,3 4,5 4,4
40-44 3,4 3,2 3,3
45-49 2,8 3,0 2,9
50-54 3,1 3,2 3,1
55-59 2,0 2,0 2,0
60-64 1,5 1,6 1,5
65-69 0,8 1,0 0,9
70-74 0,8 1,1 0,9
75-79 0,4 0,5 0,4
80+ 0,6 0,8 0,7
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-14 50,6 46,6 48,4
15-64 46,8 50,0 48,7
65+ 2,6 3,4 2,9

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Burundi not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.

[1]
Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 125 000 65 000 60 000 48.4 25.1 23.4 6.80 167
1955-1960 131 000 66 000 65 000 46.6 23.6 23.0 6.80 157
1960-1965 139 000 68 000 71 000 45.3 22.0 23.2 6.80 149
1965-1970 149 000 69 000 80 000 44.5 20.6 23.8 6.80 140
1970-1975 158 000 73 000 85 000 44.0 20.2 23.8 6.80 137
1975-1980 174 000 73 000 101 000 44.7 18.8 25.9 6.80 127
1980-1985 204 000 79 000 125 000 45.3 17.6 27.8 6.50 118
1985-1990 242 000 91 000 151 000 46.3 17.5 28.9 6.50 116
1990-1995 261 000 114 000 147 000 44.7 19.5 25.2 6.45 126
1995-2000 249 000 112 000 138 000 40.0 17.9 22.1 6.08 117
2000-2005 245 000 110 000 135 000 36.0 16.1 19.9 5.41 107
2005-2010 268 000 116 000 152 000 34.3 14.8 19.5 4.66 101
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[3][4]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1987 6,6 5,2 6,6
2010 44,5 6,4 (4,2) 37,3 4,8 (3,4) 45,3 6,6 (4,3)

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

10,742,276
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)

Median age

total: 17 years
male: 16.8 years
female: 17.2 years (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

3.28% (2015 est.)

Net migration rate

4.04 immigrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Urbanization

Urban population: 12.1% of total population (2015 est.)
Rate of urbanization: 5.66% annual rate of change (2010- 15 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 52.09 years
Male: 51.2 years
Female: 53.01 years (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate: 2% (2007 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 110,000 (2007 est.)
Deaths: 11,000 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality

Noun: Burundian(s)
Adjective: Burundian

Ethnic groups

Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 7,000, South Asians 2,000

Religions

Christian 75% (Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 15%), indigenous beliefs 20%, Muslim 5%

Languages

Rundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 59.3%
Male: 67.3%
Female: 52.2% (2003 est.)

Education expenditure

8.3% of GDP (2009)

References

  1. ^ a b c Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  3. ^ http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR6/FR6.pdf
  4. ^ http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR253/FR253.pdf

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2008 edition".