Crown Colony of North Borneo

Crown Colony of North Borneo

Crown Colony of North Borneo
British colony

Flag Coat of arms
God Save the King/Queen
Capital Jesselton
Languages English, Kadazandusun, Bajau, Malay, Chinese (predominantly Hakka)
Government Crown colony
Historical era New Imperialism
 •  North Borneo ceded to the Crown Colony 18 July 1946[1]
 •  Seven Turtle Islands (including Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi) ceded to the Philippine government 16 October 1947
 •  Self-government 31 August 1963[2][3]
 •  Malaysia Agreement 16 September 1963
Currency North Borneo dollar, later Malaya and British Borneo dollar
Today part of  Malaysia

The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of British Military Administration. On 16 October 1947, seven of the British-controlled islands in north-eastern Borneo named Turtle Islands together with Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi were ceded to the Philippine government under a past treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United States.[5]


  • Administration 1
    • List of Governors of the Crown Colony of North Borneo 1.1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4


The Governor of British Crown Colony of North Borneo (Queen Elizabeth II until the self-government of North Borneo on 31 August 1963 and the forming of the Federation of Malaysia on 1963.[6] After the formation of Malaysia, the title was changed to 'Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sabah', which also means 'His Excellency The Governor of Sabah', or 'His Excellency The Head of State of Sabah' and the appointment was later made by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia. Labuan joined the Crown Colony on 15 July 1946.

List of Governors of the Crown Colony of North Borneo

Name From To
Edward Francis Twining 1946 1949
Herbert Ralph Hone 1950 1954
Roland Evelyn Turnbull 1954 1959
William Allmond Codrington Goode 1959 1963


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Further reading

  • British North Borneo Becomes Crown Colony
  • History (archive) Sabah State Archives – Chief Minister's Department

External links

  • Colonial administration records (migrated archive): North Borneo (Sabah/Malaysia) at The National Archives (Pg. 61)