Cotton County, Oklahoma
|Cotton County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|• Total||642 sq mi (1,663 km2)|
|• Land||633 sq mi (1,639 km2)|
|• Water||9.3 sq mi (24 km2), 1.4%|
|• Density||9.8/sq mi (4/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Cotton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,193. Its county seat is Walters. When Oklahoma achieved statehood in 1907, the area which is now Cotton County fell within the boundaries of Comanche County. It was split off in 1912, becoming the last county created in Oklahoma; it was named for the county's primary crop.
- History 1
- Major highways 2.1
- Adjacent counties 2.2
- Demographics 3
- Politics 4
- Economy 5
- Communities 6
- In popular culture 7
- See also 8
- References 9
- External links 10
The eastern part of what is now Cotton County was opened to settlement by non-native Americans by the 1901 Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Opening, which distributed land by a lottery system. In 1906, the remainder of the present county, then known as the Big Pasture was opened through a sealed bid process. Most of this territory became part of Comanche County at statehood in 1907.
In 1910, residents of the present Cotton County area tried to form a new county, named "Swanson County," but this effort failed in 1911. Another effort in 1912 succeeded. This time, residents elected to split from Comanche County and name the new county "Cotton County," for the primary crop in the region at the time. Randlett, Oklahoma was assigned as a temporary county seat, until a November 4, 1912 election made Walters, Oklahoma the permanent location.
Wheat became more prevalent than and corn just as prevalent as cotton as early as 1915. In 1934, corn had dwindled and winter wheat, cotton and oats had become the primary crops.
The county population has generally declined since 1920. In 1920, the population was 16,679. In 1930, it was 15,542. There was a brief increase in the late 1900s, but decline resumed in the 21st century.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 633 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (1.4%) is water.
The eastern portion of the county is in the Cross Timbers region. Its creeks and streams drain to the southeast into the Red River, which borders the county on the south.
- Comanche County (north)
- Stephens County (northeast)
- Jefferson County (southeast)
- Clay County, Texas (south)
- Wichita County, Texas (southwest)
- Tillman County (west)
The county's population has generally declined since it stood at 16,679 in 1920. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,614 people, 2,614 households, and 1,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,085 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.70% White, 2.86% Black or African American, 7.42% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 3.05% from two or more races. 4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,614 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,210, and the median income for a family was $35,129. Males had a median income of $28,443 versus $19,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,626. About 13.70% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2008||72.21% 1,793||27.79% 690|
|2004||65.98% 1,742||34.02% 898|
|2000||55.92% 1,388||43.03% 1,068|
The county's economy has long revolved around agriculture, specifically crops such as cotton and wheat and livestock such as cattle and poultry. Beginning in the late 1910s, oil and gas grew as a strong industry, the county had 290 producing wells in 1920, 32 of which were gas. The southern portion of the county had Devol refineries, pumping stations, and pipelines. A large retail outlet, Temple's B & O Cash Store, shipped merchandise nationwide, before being bought by Sears and Roebuck in 1929 and later closed in 1954.
In 1997 the county held 69,988 cattle and ranked eleventh in the state for poultry sold.
In popular culture
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- State of Oklahoma (PDF) (Map) (1907 ed.). Department of the Interior, General Land Office. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
- O'Dell, Larry, "Cotton County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009, Accessed March 28, 2015.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- "American FactFinder".
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Cotton County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
||Comanche County||Stephens County|
|Wichita County, Texas||Clay County, Texas||Jefferson County|