Communism in Peru

Communism in Peru

Several different Spanish: Partido Comunista del Perú) or similar names. Some are still active, others have disappeared and some joined the ranks of Shining Path or the MRTA, which participated in the internal conflict in Peru. Many of the parties are known by nicknames relating to their respective newspapers.

According to, the oldest Lima and is led by Renán Raffo Muñoz. PCP publishes Unidad ("Unity") and Nuestra Bandera ("Our Banner").[2]

Another party that also considers itself the Communist Party of Peru is the Partido Comunista del Perú – Patria Roja,[3] founded in 1970, and now, as of 2006, headed by Alberto Moreno. It descends from the mainstream fraction of PCP-Bandera Roja, which, in turn, originated as a Maoist fraction within the Partido Comunista Peruano.[2]

Both Eurocommunist turn, while they themselves preferred a more hard-line Soviet stance.

There are a few more groups that also consider themselves the Communist Party of Peru. The best known is the group generally referred to as the "

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The United Left movement was a loose alliance of several of these leftist parties that gained a strong political presence in the 1980s.

Some political parties that also claimed the name (or its true meaning):

The Peruvian Communist Party was founded with the name of Peruvian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista del Perú) by José Carlos Mariátegui, and is considered the first Communist Party in Peru.

Political parties that have used the name

; it has assassinated several of their militants and elected officials. revisionist The "Shining Path" considers PCP-Patria Roja and PCP-Unidad to be [2]