Christian Broadcasting Network
|NRHP Reference #||74001826|
The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) is an American Christian-oriented religious television network and production company. Founded by televangelist Pat Robertson, its headquarters and main studios are based in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
- 1 Immigration waves
- 2 Cultural
- 3 Socioeconomics
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Political participation
- 6 Spanish place names
- 7 Notables
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
CBN was founded by televangelist Pat Robertson in 1961, using a religious variety program format that has been successfully used in religious broadcasting ever since. One of the company's mainstays is The 700 Club, the longest-running program in the variety format. The network's journalistic branch, CBN News, provides news updates to The 700 Club and produces religious news programs such as CBN NewsWatch and Christian World News; it also produces a special hour-long block of prime time election coverage hosted by Robertson during American presidential and mid-term elections, airing on ABC Family, which also carries The 700 Club and the half-hour talk show 700 Club Interactive. CBN also operates online channels on its website, such as the CBN News Channel.
CBN Asia manages Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation (OBI), an international relief and missionary effort, and has international programming, producing local programs including Solusi in Indonesia and From Heart to Heart in Thailand; CBN India produces three shows, a daily Hindi program Ek Nayee Zindagi, a bi-weekly Telugu program Nireekshana and an award-winning weekly Bengali program Samadhan. The company also produces versions of The 700 Club aimed at Latin American (Club 700 Hoy) and British audiences (The 700 Club With Paul and Fiona). CBN has broadcast programs in over 70 languages.
On April 29, 1977, CBN launched a religious cable network, the CBN Satellite Service. The channel was later revamped as the CBN Cable Network in 1981, and began incorporating secular programming alongside religious content. In August 1988, it rebranded as The CBN Family Channel (later dropping the "CBN" name outright in September 1990), before selling it to International Family Entertainment (owned by Robertson's son, Timothy) two years later as the network became too profitable for CBN to maintain its nonprofit status. IFE later sold it to News Corporation in 1997 (rebranding it as the Fox Family Channel in August 1998), which later sold it to The Walt Disney Company in 2001 (and rebranding it as ABC Family). The terms of the sale to International Family Entertainment stipulated that the channel continue carrying two CBN programs, including The 700 Club, and maintain the word "Family" in the channel's name in perpetuity.
CBN now serves mainly as a production company for The 700 Club, and four other syndicated shows: CBN NewsWatch, Christian World News, 700 Club Interactive and The Brody File, a news-analysis program hosted by political journalist David Brody. CBN and Regent University jointly produced the film First Landing.
Some of CBN's programs also air on Sky Angel, the Trinity Broadcasting Network, Cornerstone Television, FamilyNet, LeSEA Broadcasting and Middle East Television (which was founded and owned by CBN, until it was sold to LeSEA in the early 2000s), all of which Evangelical Christian networks. The secular commercial stations that continue to air The 700 Club in syndication (along with ABC Family) air CBN's annual telethon during the last week of January.
CBN entered into the broadcasting industry in 1960, when Robertson founded independent station – featuring a mix of religious programming (which took up most of its stations' Sunday schedules) and secular acquired programs, including westerns, sitcoms, drama series and children's programming – a format that would be later adopted by the LeSEA Broadcasting Corporation when it began launching its own television stations in the 1970s.
CBN later signed on Dallas, Texas and changed its callsign to KXTX-TV; that April, CBN and Doubleday Broadcasting became involved in a license swap in which Doubleday swapped KDTV (channel 39) to CBN in exchange for the channel 33 license, shutting down that station; while the KXTX-TV calls, existing programs and programming donated to CBN by Doubleday moved to channel 39. Finally, it signed on WXNE-TV (channel 25) in Boston in October 1977.
CBN gradually sold its stations during the late 1980s and 1990s. Continental Broadcasting sold what at the time became WANX-TV in 1984 to the Tribune Company, which converted it into general entertainment independent station WGNX; WXNE was sold to the News Corporation in January 1987, becoming a Fox owned-and-operated station; and WYAH was sold to the TVX Broadcast Group five years later in 1989. It retained ownership of KXTX until 2000, when it sold the station to NBC, which converted it into a Telemundo owned-and-operated station.
From 1969 to 1982, CBN also owned a simulcast network of five FM radio stations in upstate New York (WBIV in Wethersfield, WEIV in Ithaca, WJIV in Cherry Valley, WMIV in South Bristol and WOIV in DeRuyter), known as CBN Northeast; the stations originally signed on in 1948 by a farming cooperative as the Rural Radio Network. This station group was split up after CBN sold the licenses to separate owners.
Former television stations
|City of license/market||Station||Years of ownership||Status|
|Georgia||WHAE-TV 46||1971–1983||Now WGCL-TV, a CBS affiliate owned by the Meredith Corporation|
|Boston, Massachusetts||WXNE-TV 25||1977–1987||Now WFXT, a Fox affiliate owned by Cox Media Group|
|Dallas–Fort Worth, Texas||KXTX-TV 33||1973||Now KDAF, a CW affiliate owned by Tribune Broadcasting|
|KXTX-TV 39||1973–2000||Now a Telemundo owned-and-operated station owned by NBCUniversal|
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Now WGNT, a CW affiliate owned by Dreamcatcher Broadcasting
(operated through shared services agreement by Tribune Broadcasting)
In addition, CBN planned to build a television station in Richmond, Virginia, WRNX on UHF channel 63. However, CBN sold the construction permit for that station to Capitol Christian Television in 1983, which signed on the station as WTLL that year. That station was eventually sold and in 1986, converted into secular independent station WVRN, which shut down in 1988.
Former radio stations
|City of license/market||Station||Years of ownership||Status|
|Cherry Valley/Albany, New York||WJIV 101.9 FM||1969–1982||Now a Christian radio station owned by Christian Broadcasting System|
|DeRuyter/Syracuse, New York||WOIV 105.1 FM||1969–1982||Now WOLF-FM, a country music station owned by Craig Fox and Samuel J. Furco|
|Ithaca, New York||WEIV 103.7 FM||1969–1982||Now WQNY, a country music station owned by Saga Communications|
|Norfolk, Virginia||WXRI 00.0 FM||1962–1989||Now WNOH, a CHR station owned by iHeartMedia|
|South Bristol/Rochester, New York||WMIV 101.9 FM||1969–1982||Now WAIO, a classic rock station owned by iHeartMedia|
|Wethersfield/Buffalo, New York||WBIV 107.7 FM||1969–1982||Now WLKK, an alternative rock station owned by Entercom Communications|
- The 700 Club – a daily newsmagazine that debuted in 1966, one of the longest runs of any program within that genre; the program is hosted by Pat Robertson, Terry Meeuwsen and Gordon Robertson. The 700 Club features a daily news segment with commentary on certain stories, as well as interviews; it is distributed to an average daily audience of one million viewers, both on cable and through syndication.
- Club 700 Hoy – a half-hour weekly Spanish-language version of The 700 Club that is syndicated throughout Latin America, and previously aired in the United States on Azteca America. The magazine-style formatted morning program features opinions on current issues; interviews; informative features; stories about people, places and music; and life advice.
- CBN NewsWatch – produced by CBN News, it is a half-hour daily news program featuring reports on national and international news stories from a conservative, Christian perspective. It is broadcast nationally on several Christian-oriented cable and satellite networks.
- Christian World News – produced by CBN News, it is a half-hour weekly conservative news program, that is broadcast nationally on the Trinity Broadcasting Network.
- One Cubed USA and One Cubed International – aimed at teenagers and young adults between the ages of 13 and 24 years of age, the two programs focus on youth culture, action sports and music videos. It claims a mission statement "to reach this generation to express the unconditional love and salvation that God freely offered to everyone in this world. In everything that is One Cubed, we want to bring glory to God, never compromising and never settling, and always striving to be used by Him to the best of our abilities".
Current on-air staff
- Pat Robertson – co-host of The 700 Club
- Charlene Aaron – anchor/reporter
- David Brody – host of The Brody File
- Efrem Graham – anchor/reporter
- Wendy Griffith – anchor of CBN NewsWatch and Christian World News
- John Jessup – news anchor of The 700 Club
- Mark Martin – news anchor of CBN NewsWatch
- Terry Meeuwsen – co-host of The 700 Club and 700 Club Interactive
- Chris Mitchell – host of Jerusalem Dateline
- Gordon Robertson – co-host of The 700 Club and 700 Club Interactive
- Heather Sells – anchor/reporter
- Erick Stakelbeck – host of The Watchman
- George Thomas – anchor of Christian World News and foreign correspondent
- Chuck Holton – military correspondent
- Dale Hurd – foreign correspondent
- Lorie Johnson – medical correspondent
- Gary Lane – senior international reporter
- John Waage – political director
- Jennifer Wishon – White House correspondent
Former on-air staff
- Ben Kinchlow
- Lee Webb – anchor of The 700 Club and CBN NewsWatch (now at Ligonier Ministries)
- Danuta Soderman co-host of The 700 Club (now Danuta Pfeiffer and co-owner of Pfeiffer Winery in Oregon)
- Most dictionaries give this definition as the first or only definition for "Spanish American". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (3rd ed.) (1992). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-44895-6. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) (2003). Springfield: Merriam-Webster. ISBN 0-87779-807-9. The Random House Dictionary of the English Language (2nd ed.) (1987). New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-50050-4. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (2007). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920687-2. Webster's New Dictionary and Thesaurus (2002). Cleveland: Wiley Publishing. ISBN 978-0-471-79932-0
- www.cbn.com (
- Hernández González, Manuel. La emigración canaria a América (Canarian Emigration to the Americas). Pages 15 and 43 - 44 (about the expeditions and Canarian emigration in Texas), page 51 (about of the Canarian emigration to Louisiana). First Edition January, 2007
- New Mexico CultureNet - Cuartocentenario
- Kurlansky, Mark (1999). The Basque History of the World. New York: Walker.
- Chavez, Linda (March 25, 2011). "Hispanic population booms".
- Perez, Juan M. (October 2005). The Hispanic Role in America "The hispanic Role in America". Coloquio Revista Cultural.
- Angela, Brittingham; G. Patricia de la Cruz. "Ancestry: 2000; Census 2000 Brief". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- "Table 1. First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- 1980 Census of Total U.S Population
- 1980,U.S Census by State
- 1990 & 1980 State population comparisons
- www.cbn.com – Christian Broadcasting Network official website
- www.cbnindia.org – CBN India (outreach)
- www.cbnasia.org – CBN Asia official website (Philippines)
- www.cbnla.com – CBN Latin America official website (in Spanish)
- www.cbneurope.com – CBN Europe official website
- www.jawaban.com – CBN Indonesia official website (in Indonesian)
- www.cbnhongkong.orga – CBN Hong Kong official website (in Chinese)