Chinatown, Sydney

Chinatown, Sydney

Chinatown, Sydney
At Hay Street intersection, looking down Dixon Street
Chinese 雪梨華埠
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 悉尼唐人街
Market City
Golden Water Mouth

Sydney's Chinatown (Chinese: 雪梨華埠 or 悉尼唐人街) is an urban locality in the southern part of the Sydney central business district, in New South Wales, Australia. It is located in Haymarket, between Central Station and Darling Harbour. It is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney and is Australia's largest Chinatown.[1]

Contents

  • Location and history 1
  • Sister cities 2
  • Bilingual street signs 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6
  • Further reading 7

Location and history

The current location is the third in Sydney to be known as Chinatown. In the late 19th century, it was located in Hay Street, there is a sculpture made from a dead tree trunk; created by artist Lin Li in 1999 and named Golden Water Mouth, it was said by its instigators to bring good fortune to the Chinese community. Other streets and lanes within Sydney's Chinatown include Factory Street, Goulburn Street, Little Hay Street, Kimber Lane and Thomas Street.

At the southern side of Chinatown, next to Hay Street, a large complex called Market City has been built, behind the walls retained from the site's old produce markets. It contains a modern shopping centre, restaurants (including an 800+ seat Yum Cha Restaurant called The Eight Modern Chinese Restaurant), boutique shops, City Amusements (a large indoor entertainment complex), and the Haymarket Paddy's Markets, a Wednesday-to-Sunday produce and flea market, as well as a large residential high-rise building called the Peak Apartments.

Unlike the Chinatowns in some other countries, Sydney's Chinatown has been relatively free of crime and hygiene issues. However, since there are many skyscrapers in Sydney, there are some concerns within the Chinese community about the building height restrictions imposed by the image-conscious local government authorities.

By the 1920s, Sydney's Chinatown migrated over to Campbell Street, and was then placed with the Capitol Theatre.

There are also satellite Chinatowns that have emerged in the past two decades in several Sydney suburbs such as Cabramatta, Ashfield, Hurstville, Eastwood, Campsie, Parramatta, Chatswood, Burwood and Flemington. But Sydney's Chinatown still remains a major focus for the Chinese Australian community.[2]

Sister cities

Sydney is the sister city of Guangzhou in China, and as a gift to Sydney in Australia's Bicentennial year (1988), the Chinese Garden of Friendship was constructed on the western border of Chinatown in the Darling Harbour Precinct. It is one of the few public traditional Chinese gardens outside of China.[3]

Bilingual street signs

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chinatown and Haymarket". Sydney.com. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Eastern promise spreads to the suburbs".  
  3. ^ "Chinese Garden of Friendship". Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 

External links

  • Shirley Fitzgerald (2008). "Chinatown". ] CC-By-SA [ 
  • SYDNEY.com - Chinatown and Haymarket

Further reading

  • Fitzgerald, Shirley (1997). Red Tape, Gold Scissors (The story of Sydney's Chinese) (Paperback).  
  • D. Manning Richards, Destiny in Sydney: An epic novel of convicts, Aborigines, and Chinese embroiled in the birth of Sydney, Australia, ISBN 978-0-984541003