6 March 1915|
25 March 1990
|Years of service||1934 – 1945|
SSS Gorch Fock
light cruiser Karlsruhe
6th U-boat Flotilla
10th U-boat Flotilla
U-172, November 5, 1941 – October 31, 1943
U-3037, March 3, 1945 – April 22, 1945
|Battles/wars||Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945)|
Iron Cross First Class
U-boat War Badge with Diamonds
U-boat Front Clasp
Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves
Carl Emmermann (6 March 1915 – 25 March 1990) was a German U-boat commander during World War II. In his time as commander, he succeeded in sinking 27 ships for a total tonnage of 152,080 gross register tons (GRT).
- Career 1
Summary of career 2
- Ships attacked 2.1
- Awards 2.2
- References 3
- External links 4
Emmermann began his naval career in 1934. For some years he was training officer on the Naval Academy Mürwik, where future officers got their training.
In 1939 Emmermann joined the U-boat force and in November 1940 became the first Watch officer on U-A under the command of Hans Eckermann. On her first patrol U-A only damaged the British steamer SS Empire Attendant.
In November 1941 Emmermann took over his own boat, U-172. He completed five patrols with this boat, in the Caribbean Sea, with the wolf pack Eisbär in South African waters, and in the North and South Atlantic.
His greatest success was the sinking of the British liner-troopship SS Orcades. His fifth patrol with U-172 was dramatic, in that the boat brought back half the crew of U-604 which had been so heavily damaged during two air attacks that she had to be scuttled. After that patrol Emmermann became the commander of the 6th U-boat Flotilla in November 1943.
In August 1944 Emmermann became the chief of the Erprobungsgruppe Typ XXIII. There in late 1944 he wrote the battle instructions for the new Type XXIII U-boat.
In March 1945 he was commander of U-3037 for one month, and in the last month of the war he commanded the 31st U-boat Flotilla in Hamburg. Along with some other U-boat men he took part in infantry duty around Hamburg as commander of Marine-Battalion Emmermann.
Emmermann survived the war and later returned to Germany, studied engineering and prospered in business.
Summary of career
As commander of U-172, Emmermann is credited with the sinking of 26 merchant ships totaling 152,080 gross register tons (GRT).
|27 May 1942||Athelknight||United Kingdom||8,490||Sunk|
|3 June 1942||City of Alma||United States||5,446||Sunk|
|5 June 1942||Delfina||United States||3,480||Sunk|
|8 June 1942||Sicilien||United States||1,654||Sunk|
|14 June 1942||Lebore||United States||8,289||Sunk|
|15 June 1942||Bennestvet||Norway||2,438||Sunk|
|18 June 1942||Motorex||United Kingdom||1,958||Sunk|
|23 June 1942||Resolute *||Colombia||35||Sunk|
|9 July 1942||Santa Rita||United States||8,379||Sunk|
|7 October 1942||Chicksaw City||United States||6,196||Sunk|
|7 October 1942||Firethorn||Panama||4,700||Sunk|
|8 October 1942||Orcades||United Kingdom||23,456||Sunk|
|31 October 1942||Aldington Court||United Kingdom||4,891||Sunk|
|2 November 1942||Llandilo||United Kingdom||4,996||Sunk|
|23 November 1942||Benlomond||United Kingdom||6,630||Sunk|
|28 November 1942||Alaskan||United States||5,364||Sunk|
|4 March 1943||City of Pretoria||United Kingdom||6,049||Sunk|
|13 March 1943||Thorstrand||Norway||3,041||Sunk|
|13 March 1943||Keystone||United States||5,565||Sunk|
|16 March 1943||Benjamin Harrison||United States||7,191||Sunk|
|29 March 1943||Moanda||Belgium||4,621||Sunk|
|28 June 1943||Vernon City||United Kingdom||4,748||Sunk|
|12 July 1943||African Star||United States||6,507||Sunk|
|15 July 1943||Harmonic||United Kingdom||4,558||Sunk|
|24 July 1943||Fort Chilcotin||United Kingdom||7,133||Sunk|
- * Sailing ship
- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 4th Class (5 April 1938)
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (19 March 1941)
- 1st Class (2 August 1941)
U-boat War Badge (1939) (2 August 1941)
- with Diamonds (1 October 1943)
- War Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords (1 September 1944)
- U-boat Front Clasp (1 October 1944)
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Knights Cross on 27 November 1942 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-172
- 256th Oak Leaves on 4 July 1943 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-172
- "U-172". uboat.net. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 276.
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 277.
- Thomas 1997, p. 154.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 294.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn.
- Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA:
- Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- "uboat.net". The Men – Carl Emmermann. Retrieved April 15, 2007.
Korvettenkapitän Georg-Wilhelm Schulz
Commander of the 6th U-boat Flotilla
November 1942 – August 1944
Kapitän zur See Bruno Mahn
Commander of the 31st U-boat Flotilla
April – May 1945